Scrope Howe, 1st Viscount Howe

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Scrope Howe, 1st Viscount Howe (November 1648 – 26 January 1713)[1] was an English politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Nottinghamshire from 1673 to 1685 and January 1689 to 1691, and from 1710 to 1713.[2]

Life[edit]

He was knighted on 11 March 1663, and was created M.A. of Christ Church, Oxford, on 8 September 1665. From March 1673 to July 1698 he sat in parliament as M.P. for Nottinghamshire. Howe was an uncompromising whig. On 5 December 1678 he carried up the impeachment of William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford. In June 1680 Howe, Lord Russell, and others met together with a view to deliver a presentment to the grand jury of Middlesex against the Duke of York for being a papist, but the judges having had notice and dismissed the jury before the presentment could be made. On 23 January 1685 he appeared before the king's bench and pleaded not guilty to an information for speaking against the Duke of York.' Howe made a humble submission, and on the following day the indictment was withdrawn.

He took a part in bringing about the Glorious Revolution, and with the Earl of Devonshire at Nottingham declared for William of Orange in November 1688. In 1693 he was made surveyor-general of the roads, and in the same year was appointed, in succession to Elias Ashmole, comptroller of the accounts of the excise, an office which he appears to have afterwards sold to Edward Pauncfort.

On 16 May 1701, Howe was created Viscount Howe and Baron Glenawley in the Irish peerage, and was succeeded by Emanuel Scrope Howe, 2nd Viscount Howe.[2]

Family[edit]

His father, John Grobham Howe, was the MP for Gloucestershire. His brothers were John Grobham Howe, Charles Howe and Emanuel Scrope Howe.[2]

In 1674, he married Lady Anne Manners, the daughter of John Manners, 8th Earl of Rutland. They had three children:[2]

  • John Howe, died young
  • Hon. Anabella Howe (1674–1720), married George Golding of Poslingford in 1706
  • Margaret Howe, married Capt. Mugg

In 1698, he married Hon. Juliana Alington (d. 10 September 1747), the daughter of William Alington, 1st Baron Alington, by whom he had four children:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.leighrayment.com/peers/peersH5.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e Howe, Scrope, first Viscount Howe (1648–1713), politician by David Hosford, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. The first edition of this text is available as an article on Wikisource:  "Howe, Scrope". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Howe, Scrope". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Anthony Eyre
Sir Francis Leke
Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire
1673–1685
With: Sir Francis Leke 1673–1679
John White 1679–1685
Succeeded by
Sir William Clifton
Reason Mellish
Preceded by
Sir William Clifton
Reason Mellish
Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire
1689–1698
With: Lord Houghton 1689
John White 1689–1690, 1691–1698
William Sacheverell 1690–1691
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Willoughby
Gervase Eyre
Preceded by
John Thornhagh
Sir Thomas Willoughby
Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire
1710–1713
With: William Levinz
Succeeded by
William Levinz
Hon. Francis Willoughby
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Viscount Howe
1701–1713
Succeeded by
Emanuel Howe