Scrophularia umbrosa

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Scrophularia umbrosa
Scrophularia umbrosa.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Scrophularia
Species: S. umbrosa
Binomial name
Scrophularia umbrosa
Dumort. (1827)

Scrophularia umbrosa, the green figwort,[1] water betony,[2] or water figwort,[3] is a perennial herbaceous plant found in temperate regions of the Northern hemisphere except western North America.[4] Synonyms are Scrophularia alata Gilib.; Scrophularia ehrharti Stevens; Scrophularia hurstii Druce; Scrophularia towndrowi Druce.[5] It grows in moist and cultivated waste ground.[3]

The plant is probably poisonous to cows. It is pollinated by bees and wasps. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade, but requires moist or wet soil.[6]

Folklore[edit]

The plant was thought, by the doctrine of signatures to be able to cure the throat disease scrofula because of the throat-like shape of its flowers.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ Liber Herbarium
  3. ^ a b "Scrophularia umbrosa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  4. ^ Mills, S., The Complete Guide to Modern Herbalism, Thorsons, Great Britain, 1994.
  5. ^ Flora of Northern Ireland.
  6. ^ Plants for Life database
  7. ^ Figwort: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine.