Frank Paone and Bear and Mo
Sculpins are benthic fish, dwelling on the bottoms of water bodies. Their pectoral fins are smooth on the upper edge and webbed with sharp rays along the lower edge, a modification that makes them specialized for gripping the substrate. This adaptation helps the fish anchor in fast-flowing water.
- Abyssocottidae: deep-water sculpins (24 species)
- Agonidae (47 species)
- Bathylutichthyidae (two species)
- Comephoridae: Baikal oilfishes (two species)
- Cottidae: common sculpins (258 species, including Icelidae, sometimes regarded as separate)
- Cottocomephoridae: bighead sculpins, Baikal sculpins (9 species)
- Ereuniidae: deepwater bullhead sculpins (three species)
- Hemitripteridae: sea ravens, sailfin sculpins (eight species)
- Psychrolutidae: fatheads (40 species)
- Rhamphocottidae: the grunt sculpin (one species)
- Kane, E. A. and T. E. Higham. (2012). Life in the flow lane: differences in pectoral fin morphology suggest transitions in station-holding demand across species of marine sculpin. Zoology (Jena) 115(4), 223-32.
- Nelson, J. S. (2006) Fishes of the World. 4th Ed. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
- Froese, R. and D. Pauly. (Eds.) Order Summary for Scorpaeniformes. FishBase. 2011.
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