Sculptor Wall

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The local universe, including the Sculptor Wall
The local universe, including the Sculptor Superclusters
2MASS distance map of the local universe, including the primary Sculptor Supercluster

The Sculptor Wall is a superstructure of galaxies ("wall of galaxies") relatively near to the Milky Way Galaxy (redshift of approximately z=0.03), also known as the Sculptor superclusters.[1][2]

The superstructure is also called "Southern Great Wall", "Great Southern Wall", "Southern Wall", in reference to the Northern Great Wall, or just "Great Wall" — the CfA2 Great Wall. The structure is 8000 km/s long, 5000 km/s wide, 1000 km/s deep, in redshift space dimensions.[3][4] Because these structures are so large, it is convenient to estimate their size by measuring their redshift; using a value of 67.8 for Hubble's Constant, the size of the structure is approximately 100 Mpc long by 70 Mpc wide by 10 Mpc deep.


  1. ^ Taotao Fang1, David A. Buote1, Philip J. Humphrey1, Claude R. Canizares2, Luca Zappacosta3, Roberto Maiolino4, Gianpiero Tagliaferri5 and Fabio Gastaldello; CONFIRMATION OF X-RAY ABSORPTION BY WARM-HOT INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM IN THE SCULPTOR WALL; 2010 ApJ 714 1715 , doi:10.1088/0004-637X/714/2/1715 , Bibcode2010ApJ...714.1715F , arXiv:1001.3692 , [1]
  2. ^ Fairall, A. P., Palumbo, G. G. C., Vettolani, G., Kauffman, G., Jones, A., & Baiesi-Pillastrini, G., Largescale Structure in the Universe - Plots from the Updated Catalogue of Radial Velocities of Galaxies and the Southern Redshift Catalogue Journal: R.A.S. MONTHLY NOTICES V.247, NO.2/NOV15, P. 23P, 1990. Bibliographic Code: Bibcode1990MNRAS.247P..21F [2] (slices 8 and 10 under SGH)
  3. ^ Unveiling large-scale structures behind the Milky Way. Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, Vol. 67; Proceedings of a workshop at the Observatoire de Paris-Meudon; 18–21 January 1994; San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP); c1994; edited by Chantal Balkowski and R. C. Kraan-Korteweg, p.21 ; Visualization of Nearby Large-Scale Structures ; Fairall, A. P., Paverd, W. R., & Ashley, R. P. ; Bibcode1994ASPC...67...21F
  4. ^ 'Astrophysics and Space Science', Volume 230, Issue 1-2, pp. 225-235 Large-Scale Structures in the Distribution of Galaxies 08/1995 Bibcode1995Ap&SS.230..225F