Temporal range: Upper Jurassic–Recent
|Whitesaddled catshark, Scyliorhinus hesperius|
T. N. Gill, 1862
Catsharks are ground sharks of the family Scyliorhinidae, with over 150 known species. Although they are generally known as catsharks, many species are commonly called dogfish. Catsharks are found in temperate and tropical seas worldwide, ranging from very shallow intertidal waters to depths of 2,000 m (6,600 ft) or more, depending on species.
Catsharks may be distinguished by their elongated, cat-like eyes and two small dorsal fins set far back. Most species are fairly small, growing no longer than 80 cm (31 in); a few, such as the nursehound (Scyliorhinus stellaris) can reach 1.6 m (5.2 ft) in length. Most of the species have a patterned appearance, ranging from stripes to patches to spots. They feed on invertebrates and smaller fish. Some species are aplacental viviparous, but most lay eggs in tough egg cases with curly tendrils at each end, known as mermaid's purses.
The Australian marbled catshark, Atelomycterus macleayi, is a favored type for home aquaria, because it rarely grows to more than 60 cm (2.0 ft) in length. The coral catshark, however, is the most common scyliorhinid in home aquaria.
- Apristurus Garman, 1913
- Asymbolus Whitley, 1939
- Atelomycterus Garman, 1913
- Aulohalaelurus Fowler, 1934
- Bythaelurus Compagno, 1988
- Cephaloscyllium T. N. Gill, 1862
- Cephalurus Bigelow and Schroeder, 1941
- Figaro Whitley, 1928
- Galeus Rafinesque, 1810
- Halaelurus T. N. Gill, 1862
- Haploblepharus Garman, 1913
- Holohalaelurus Fowler, 1934
- Parmaturus Garman, 1906
- Pentanchus H. M. Smith and Radcliffe in Smith, 1912
- Poroderma A. Smith, 1838
- Schroederichthys A. Smith, 1838
- Scyliorhinus Blainville, 1816
||This section provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject. (January 2009)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2009)|
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2009). "Scyliorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2009 version.
- "Scientists Discover 180 Species of Glowing Fish". Retrieved 2015-07-08.
- "Sharks Light Up in Neon Colors". video.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 2015-07-08.
- Sparks, John S.; Schelly, Robert C.; Smith, W. Leo; Davis, Matthew P.; Tchernov, Dan; Pieribone, Vincent A.; Gruber, David F. (January 8, 2014). "The Covert World of Fish Biofluorescence: A Phylogenetically Widespread and Phenotypically Variable Phenomenon". PLoS ONE 9 (1): e83259. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083259. PMC 3885428. PMID 24421880.
- Michael, Scott W. (March 2004), "Sharks at Home", Aquarium Fish Magazine: 20–29
- FishBase entry for Scyliorhinidae
- Animal Diversity Web entry for Scyliorhinidae
- Mikko's Phylogeny Archive - Scyliorhinidae