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Heterocyst of Scytonema crispum
Heterocyst of Scytonema crispum
Scientific classification edit
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order: Nostocales
Family: Scytonemataceae
Rabenhorst ex Bornet & Flahault

The Scytonemataceae are a family of filamentous, heterocystous cyanobacteria within the order Nostocales. The family is known from freshwater, marine, and terrestrial environments, where it grows in colonies attached to the substrate. Akinetes are not known, and the members of the family are known to reproduce with nonheterocystous hormogonia.[3]


  1. ^ Section Myochrotes is sufficiently different to merit its own genus, but this hasn't formally happened, yet. See Komárek et al. 2014.
  2. ^ Komárek J; Kaštovský J; Mareš J; Johansen JR. (2014). "Taxonomic classification of cyanoprokaryotes (cyanobacterial genera) 2014, using a polyphasic approach" (PDF). Preslia. 86: 295–335.
  3. ^ Holt, John G. (1994). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (9. ed.). Baltimore, Md. [u.a.]: Williams & Wilkins. p. 406. ISBN 978-0683006032.

External links[edit]

  • Guiry, M.D.; Guiry, G.M. (2018). "Scytonemataceae". AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.