View of Sde Nehemiya
|Founded||19 December 1940|
|Founded by||Austrian and Dutch immigrants|
Sde Nehemia (Hebrew: שְׂדֵה נְחֶמְיָה, lit. Nehemia's Field) (Sde Nehemya) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Upper Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 1,097.
Sde Nehemia was founded on 19 December 1940 by immigrants from Austria the Netherlands and Czechoslovakia, on land bought from the Arab village of al-Dawwara. It was originally known as Kvutzat Huliot, but later renamed after Nehemia de Lieme,a Dutch banker and Zionist activist who served as head of the Jewish National Fund.
In the early days of the kibbutz, the pioneers lived in tents in the midst of malaria-infested swampland. One of them, Yehuda Abas, a physician, distributed anti-malarial pills free of charge to the local Arab population but discovered they were being cut into four and sold for large sums of money to Arabs from Syria and Lebanon. Abas's solution was to introduce injections.
Rafael Reiss from Sde Nehemia was one of seven parachutists sent into Nazi-occupied Europe in 1944. He was captured by the Nazis and executed on 20 November 1944.
Differential salaries were implemented in 2003, ending the kibbutz tradition of economic equality.
Located in the fertile Hula Valley between the Golan Heights and Lebanon, agriculture is a significant source of income. The kibbutz also owns a plastics factory, Huliot, a leading manufacturer of pipe systems and plastic products. Huliot specializes in flow products for water supply, drainage, sewage and greywater recycling which it sells on the local and global markets. The factory was established in 1947.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- KKL-JNF world chairmen Jewish National Fund
- Dutch Jews As Perceived by Themselves and by Others: Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on the History of the Jews in the Nethderlands, edited by Chaya Brasz and Yosef Kaplan
- My father, the Nazi-fighting hero that no one's heard of Haaretz
- Made in Israel Portal
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