Sea Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on boating and water-based activities. These activities can be on the sea, rivers or lakes. Sea Scouts can provide a chance to sail, cruise on boats, learn navigation, learn how to work on engines and compete in regattas. Sea Scouts often have distinctive uniforms. In some countries or Scout organizations, Sea Scouting is a program just for older Scouts.
One of the earliest records of "Sea Scouts" is in Chums magazine which refers to "Sea Scouts" as early as July 1909. These Sea Scouts were part of the Chums Scouts and British Boy Scouts.
Also in the Chums magazine, the British Boys Naval Brigade, later National Naval Cadets, were subtitled 'Scouts of the Sea' from the 14 July 1909 edition and, from the 28 July 1909 edition, 'Sea Scouts of the Empire'. The British Boy Scouts and an original company of The National Naval Cadets were both headquartered in Battersea, London and the 'boys' weekly newspaper Chums was the official journal of both. The National Naval Cadets affiliated with the British Boy Scouts as part of its Sea Scouts.
Later, Sea Scouts were introduced within the Baden-Powell Boy Scouts organization. In the first edition of 'Scouting for Boys', Baden-Powell mentioned that "A Scout should be able to manage a boat, to bring it properly alongside a ship or pier....". In December 1908, the first Seamanship badge was issued as one of the first 'Efficiency' badges. A camp for Scouts was held at Bucklers Hard, Hampshire in August 1909 at which boating activities were a focus. In 1911, Baden-Powell wrote the booklet Sea Scouting for Boys. Warington Baden-Powell wrote Sea Scouting and Seamanship for Boys in 1912, with a foreword by Robert Baden-Powell. A special uniform for Sea Scouts was approved in 1910 and, in 1912, the name "Sea Scouts" was officially adopted within Baden-Powell's Boy Scouts Association.
Sea Scouting also found its way to the rest of the world.
Loss of Sea Scout vessels
- 4 August 1912 - eight Boy Scouts from the 2nd Walworth (Dulwich Mission) group and another boy drowned in capsize of a cutter off Leysdown, Kent, England. The boat was carrying twenty-three Scouts from Erith to a camp at Leysdown.
- 27 October 1913 - three Scouts and an assistant leader drowned and eleven Scouts were saved when the ketch Mirror was hit by the steamer Hogarth (1231 tons) while tacking across the river. Mirror had been a gift of the Daily Mirror newspaper to the Scouts.
- In August 1950 - all ten Scouts on board were killed when the Wangle III, owned by 1st Mortlake Sea Scouts was lost on a return voyage from France.
Around the world
In many organizations a Sea Scout troop or group has a special name, in the Boy Scouts of America it is called a ship.
|Country||Membership||Troops/Groups||Age group||See also|
|Austria||4||10–20||Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs|
|Bulgaria||at least 1|
|Czech Republic||3,300||166||above 5||Czech Sea Scouts Headquarters (HKVS)|
|Greece||4,000||above 7||Soma Hellinon Proskopon (Boy Scouts)|
|Soma Hellinikou Odigismou (co-ed Guides)|
|India||at least 1||10–26|
|Indonesia||4||14-20||Satuan Karya (Saka) Bahari|
|Ireland||3,400||25||6–26||Sea Scouts (Scouting Ireland)|
|Israel||850||8||10–18||Israel Sea Scouts Website|
|Lithuania||300||13||8–29||Lithuanian Scouting Sea Scouts |
|Malaysia||at least 20||12–19|
|New Zealand||2,000||60||10–15.5||Sea Scouts New Zealand|
|Poland (01-01-2007)||295 (159g+136b)||175||6–9|
|Trinidad and Tobago||1893||18||11–21|
|United Kingdom||10,000||401||10–14||Sea Scouts (The Scout Association)|
|United States||15,000||13–21||Sea Scouting (Boy Scouts of America)
Girl Scouts of the USA
Eurosea is the seminar for Sea Scouting/Guiding in the European Scout Region which take place every three years. The aims and objectives are to enable national associations to share ideas and experiences on how to develop Sea Scouting/Guiding or water-based programs in general. Participants are members of national or regional teams responsible for Sea Scouting/Guiding or developing water-based programs and representatives from associations interested in introducing Sea Scouting/Guiding.
- Eurosea 1, 1985: Thessaloniki, Greece
- Eurosea 2, 1988: Harderhaven, Netherlands
- Eurosea 3, 1992: Vässarö, Sweden
- Eurosea 4, 1994: London, United Kingdom
- Eurosea 5, 1997: Oslo, Norway
- Eurosea 6, 2000: Olsztynek, Poland
- Eurosea 7, 2003: São Jacinto, Aveiro, Portugal
- Eurosea 8, 2006: Korpo, Finland
- Eurosea 9, 2008: Larch Hill, Ireland
- Eurosea 10, 2010: Plzeň, Czech Republic
- Eurosea 11, 2012: Copenhagen, Denmark
- Eurosea 12, 2014: Brugge, Belgium
- Eurosea 13, 2016: Olsztynek, Poland
- Chums, vd. e.g. 14 July 1909 p879, 21 July 1909 p888, 28 July 1909 p921
- Warington Baden-Powell, K.C., an Admiralty lawyer, sailor, inventor of canoe sailing and author of Canoe Travelling: Log of a Cruise on the Baltic, and Practical Hints on Building and Fitting Canoes London, Smith, Elder, 1871
- Masini, Roy (2007). "A Short History of Sea Scouting in the United Kingdom". Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "Boy Scouts Gazette". Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930). Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia. 29 December 1912. p. 28. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "Four Sea Scouts Drowned". Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926). Vic.: National Library of Australia. 28 October 1913. p. 3. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- GB Board of Trade; SCC Libraries (1951-03-19). "Wreck report for 'Wangle III', 1951". Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- Czech Sea Scouts Headquarters. "Czech Sea Scouts Headquarters (HKVS)".
- "Sea guiding and scouting". Retrieved 2010-09-28.
- Sea Scouting: Sea Scouting in Israel
- "Presentation Dutch Seascouts Eurosea 8 Seminar" (powerpoint). Retrieved 2007-03-05.
- seascout.org SouthAfrica
- "Unikum unter den Schweizer Pfadfindern feiert Jubiläum" (in German). Neue Zürcher Zeitung. 2008-03-31. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- [sssodyssey.org "S.S.S. Odyssey"] Check
- J.S. Wilson, Scouting 'Round the World, 1957 edition