Beach 105th Street (IND Rockaway Line)
Beach 105th Street
|New York City Subway rapid transit station|
Broad Channel bound platform
|Address||Beach 105th Street & Rockaway Freeway
Queens, NY 11694
|Division||B (IND, formerly LIRR Rockaway Beach Branch)|
|Line||IND Rockaway Line|
|Services||A (rush hours, peak direction)
S (all times)
|Transit connections||MTA Bus: Q22, QM16|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Rebuilt||June 28, 1956(as a Subway station)|
|Former/other names||Beach 105th Street–Seaside|
|Passengers (2016)||95,469 3.8%|
|Rank||420 out of 422|
|Next north||Beach 98th Street: A S|
|Next south||Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street: A S|
Beach 105th Street, sometimes referred as Beach 105th Street–Seaside, is a station on the IND Rockaway Line of the New York City Subway, located at Beach 105th Street on the Rockaway Freeway in Queens. It is served by the Rockaway Park Shuttle at all times and ten daily rush-hour only A trains.
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|Northbound||← ( PM rush hours only) toward Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street (Terminus)|
|Southbound||→ toward Broad Channel ( toward Inwood–207th Street AM rush hours only) (Beach 98th Street) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|M||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines|
|G||Street Level||Exit/ Entrance|
This elevated station has two tracks and two side platforms on a concrete viaduct. Both platforms have beige windscreens and canopies with green support columns in the center and full height fences at both ends. South of this station, the IND Rockaway Line descends to ground level.
The station's only entrance/exit is an elevated station house beneath the tracks. It has a station agent booth, turnstile bank, waiting area that allows a free transfer between directions, two staircases to each platform at the center, and two staircases going down to either side of Rockaway Freeway between Beach 105th and Beach 104th Streets. The two southern staircases are connected to the station house with a canopied overpass. The Rockaway Park-bound platform had an exit at the north end, which has been removed.
This station previously had six different names. It was originally opened by the Long Island Rail Road in 1880 as Seaside Station (also an earlier name for Babylon) for the Rockaway Beach Branch at 102nd Street. It also included a trolley stop of the Ocean Electric Railway, as well as an OER spur to the Neponsit-Rockaway Beach Branch. A second station at Beach 104th Street became its replacement in April 1888, only to be burned on September 20, 1892.
The third station was built in 1892 and burned on August 29, 1893. The fourth station was built in 1894 and renovated between April and May 1899. Like many of the stations on the Rockaway Beach and Far Rockaway Branches, it burned for a third time in 1941 and replaced with an elevated railroad station that opened in 1942.
A 1950 fire at The Raunt destroyed the trestle across Jamaica Bay, forcing the LIRR to reroute Rockaway Beach service along the Far Rockaway Branch through the Hammels Wye for the next five years. This station was closed on October 3, 1955, purchased by the New York City Transit Authority, rebuilt and reopened as a subway station on June 28, 1956.
In 1985, the station had only 262 paying daily riders on a typical weekday in 1985, not counting farebeaters, making it one of the least used stations in the system.
As part of the 2010–2014 Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Capital Program, new crossovers will be built at this station in order to provide resiliency in the event of major flooding, like from Hurricane Sandy. The crossovers would allow the station to be used as a terminal in the event that the terminal at Beach 116th Street was unavailable. In addition to the construction of the switches, a relay room will be built and new signals will be installed. Design work on the project started in August 2017, and will be finished in January 2019. Construction will start some time afterwards.
- "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "MTA Neighborhood Maps: The Rockaways" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
- LIRR Station History
- Levine, Richard (1986-11-05). "Column One: Transport". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
- "ET070311 Mitigation: Installation of New Crossovers at Beach 105th Street Station on the Rockaway Line". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
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