Sea World (Australia)
|Location||Southport, Queensland, Australia|
|Owner||Village Roadshow Theme Parks|
|Opened||30 October 1971|
|Operating season||Year round|
Sea World is a marine mammal park, oceanarium, and theme park located on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. It includes rides, animal exhibits and other attractions, and it promotes conservation through education and the rescue and rehabilitation of sick, injured or orphaned wildlife. The park is commercially linked to Warner Bros. Movie World and Wet'n'Wild Gold Coast as part of the theme park division of Village Roadshow.
Sea World was founded by Keith Williams in 1958. It was originally known as the Surfers Paradise Ski Gardens, which presented "water ski shows that combined comedy, aqua ballet and action". In 1971, the Surfers Paradise Ski Gardens moved to land on the Spit. Major dredging works were required to build the new ski lake. A year later, the Surfers Paradise Ski Gardens became known as Sea World with the introduction of dolphins, marine displays, a replica of the Endeavour, a swimming pool, licensed restaurant and gift shop. Extra additions over the next decade included the purchasing of competitor marine park, Marineland, and the transfer of animals and exhibits to Sea World as well as the addition of more shops and food outlets.
In 1984 Keith Williams sold the park to Pivot Leisure. Later in 1988 Pivot built the 400 room Sea World Nara Resort. In 1991 Pivot Leisure, Warner Bros. and Village Roadshow jointly developed and opened Warner Bros. Movie World, a Hollywood theme action park, at Oxenford on the Gold Coast. Also that year Pivot Purchased Wet n' Wild Water park located next to the site of Warner Bros. Movie World. In 1993, Warner Bros. and Village Roadshow jointly acquired Pivot Leisure's interest in Warner Bros. Movie World, Sea World and the adjoining Sea World Nara Resort.
- In 1975, the Sea World train opened. "The train is a two-third scale replica of Queensland's famous number 6A10, which is now on display at the Queensland Railway Museum. The ride was designed and built by Sea World."
- In 1978, the first major ride was added to Sea World. The Viking's Revenge Flume Ride opened. This ride was custom-built at a cost of $350,000.
- In 1981, the park's first roller-coaster opened. Originally known as the Wild Wave Rollercoaster, it was accompanied by the Pirate Ship and Carousel. The Wild Wave Rollercoaster changed its name to the Thrillseeker and closed in 2002.
- In 1982, the Corkscrew rollercoaster opened. The ride is an Arrow Dynamics Sitdown Looper and features three inversions.
- In 1986, Australia's first monorail opened, the Sea World Monorail System. This ride features three stations throughout the park.
- In 1987, Sea World welcomed the Water Park and Lassiter’s Lost Mine ride. Lassiter's Lost Mine ride was the second water ride for the park and was made in house.
- In 1989, the Sky High Skyway opened. It features a unique bird's eye view of the park.
- In 1993, Sea World is taken over jointly by Warner Bros. and Village Roadshow.
- In 1994, Bermuda Triangle opened and replaced Lassiter's Lost Mine ride. It used the same ride system but featured updated ride theming. Sea World opened the 3D theatre Sea Dream.
- In 1998, Pirates 3D Adventure debuted at the 3D theatre. The film uses "a series of special effects that enables the audience to feel part of the adventure".
- In 1999, Cartoon Network Cartoon Beach opened featuring five children's rides and an interactive water fountain.
- In 2003, Pirates in 3D was replaced with Planet SOS in 4-D. This film features an environmental message presenting the issues of global warming, ocean habitat destruction, and deforestation.
- In 2004, the park opened "Shark Bay". This system of artificial lagoons allows sharks to be viewed from both above water and underwater. Sharks exhibited include large and potentially dangerous tiger sharks and bull sharks.
- In 2005, the ski show received a makeover and became Waterski Wipeout. Also the water park got a makeover with the relocation of The Plunge from Wet'n'Wild Water World.
- In 2006, the Sea World Eye was introduced for a limited time. Swiss manufacturer CWA Constructions built the 60-metre high wheel which featured 42 air-conditioned gondolas.
- In 2007, Sea World introduced Sesame Street Beach. Sesame Street Beach replaced Cartoon Network Cartoon Beach with the addition of a new stage show and a new ride.
- In 2008, Jet Rescue opened. Jet Rescue is a motorbike launch coaster made by Intamin which features jet-ski cars. It is themed to a sea-lion rescue. Also 'Ray Reef' opened featuring over 100 rays 'flying and gliding' under the water. It is Sea World's first new wildlife exhibit since 2004.
- In 2009, Sea World updated and renewed several things. In early 2009, the Pirate Ship attraction closed and removed from the park. Waterski Wipeout performed its last show on 20 July 2009. Pirates Unleashed opened on Boxing Day as a replacement. In September, Sea World announced the opening of Ocean Rescue, a new film for their theatre replacing Planet SOS in 4-D. A new educational exhibit also opened in 2009 titled Shark Attack which replaced Dugong Discovery. The Corkscrew rollercoaster was rethemed and renamed to become the Sea Viper.
- In 2010, the park closed Shark Attack, the Sea World Aquarium, Ocean Rescue, Bermuda Triangle and part of the Water Park to construct new attractions. In September, Castaway Bay opened in former location of the water park. It is a children's area featuring Sky Fortress (a climbing structure), Sky Climb (a set of high ropes) and Battle Sails (a water battle). Also in September, Ocean Rescue was replaced by Happy Feet 3D Experience. In October, Sea World closed the Bermuda Triangle for routine maintenance before closing the ride permanently. Its replacement is expected to be open by late 2011. Sea World also opened Penguin Encounter, an Antarctic penguin exhibit where Shark Attack And Sea World Aquarium once stood on 26 December 2010. During the summer school holidays Sea World ran Jet Stunt Extreme as a temporary jet-ski-based stunt show located on the Sea World lake. It operated for a limited season until 23 January 2011. Sea World has noted that it could become a permanent addition depending on the overall success of the show.
- In 2011, Pirates Unleashed had its final performance on 20 July. Jet Stunt Extreme returned on 17 September 2011. On 16 August 2011, Sea World announced a partnership with Nickelodeon which would see characters like SpongeBob SquarePants and Dora the Explorer appear in park shows from Christmas 2011. SpongeBob ParadePants and Dora's Best Friends Adventure began on 17 December 2011. Towards the end of the year, Happy Feet 3-D Experience was replaced with SpongeBob SquarePants 3-D. Sesame Street Beach was replaced with Beach Break Bay.
- In 2012, Sea World announced that they would be launching Dinosaur Island, an interactive dinosaur exhibit. The exhibit opened to the public on 16 June 2012. In December 2012, Sea World announced a "wild" attraction, set for a 2014 opening. Although the attraction was initially promoted in-park and construction began, Sea World has since removed all promotion of the attraction. A 2013 report in the Gold Coast Bulletin suggested the attraction would be a multimillion-dollar African jungle exhibit, including gorillas, hippos, and crocodiles.
- In 2013, the park officially opened Seal Harbour, a seal and sea lion exhibit, originally scheduled to open in December 2012. A water powered jet pack was also added to Jet Stunt Extreme. In December, Sea World opened Storm Coaster, a Mack Rides Water Coaster, replacing the former Bermuda Triangle ride.
- In 2014, Sea Viper and Dinosaur Island were closed.
- In 2015, Sky High Skyway was closed and Beach Break Bay was replaced with Nickelodeon Land.
- In 2016, Viking's Revenge Flume Ride was closed permanently.
Rides and attractions
- Storm Coaster is a Mack Rides Water Coaster. The ride is soft opened on 2 December 2013 as a replacement for the Bermuda Triangle which closed in 2010.
- Nickelodeon Land  is a themed zone featuring several rides specifically designed for children. The area was originally themed to Cartoon Network when it opened in 1999 before being rethemed to Sesame Street in 2007. In late 2011, it was rethemed to have the generic theme of Beach Break Bay. The area features 6 attractions including the Carousel and Beach Ball Bounce. In 2015 its has refurbished into Nickelodeon Land and they have added a Zamperla roller coaster and 4 new rides.
- Castaway Bay opened in September 2010. It is contains a new children's area featuring Sky Fortress (a climbing structure), Sky Climb (a set of high ropes) and Battle Boats (formerly Battle Sails, an interactive water battle). It is located at the northern half of the Water Park.
- Jet Rescue is Sea World's only dry roller coaster. The ride is themed around the journey of a Sea World Rescue Team on a mission to save marine life. Riders board a jet ski and race at speeds of up to 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph) around a highly twisted and banked track.
- Sea World Monorail System was the first mono rail system in Australia. It allows guests to travel between three stations throughout the park.
- Dora's Best Friends Adventure is a live stage show featuring Dora and Diego adjacent to Beach Break Bay. It began on 17 December 2011.
- Fish Detectives is the latest incarnation of Sea World's seal show. The show features similar tricks to previous shows with only the storyline and music changing. The show is based around the fish store Alota Baloney, where Big Al is making big profits by catching too many fish. The detective team, made up of humans and sea lions, are on the case to catch Big Al and solve this environmental crime.
- Affinity is the latest incarnation of Sea World's dolphin show. The show features similar tricks to previous shows with only the storyline and music changing. The show is set in Dolphin Beach which is the largest sandy bottom lagoon ever built for dolphins containing five different pools and more than 17 million litres of water. Each show caters for 2,500 guests.
- Jet Stunt Extreme is a live jet-ski-based stunt show located on the Sea World lake. It previously operated for a limited season over the summer of 2010–2011. Due to the success of the show it replaced Pirates Unleashed and became a permanent addition from September 2011 onwards.
- SpongeBob SquarePants 3-D is a 3D film currently showing in the Sea World Theatre.
- Dolphin Nursery Pool is part of Sea World's highly successful dolphin breeding program which has resulted in dolphin births. The exhibit allows guests to see young dolphins develop under the protective watch of their mothers.
- Penguin Encounter is a 96-square-metre (1,030 sq ft) Antarctic penguin exhibit featuring a 220 cubic metres (7,800 cu ft) pool with under and above water viewing.
- Penguin Point is an exhibit featuring little penguins. Unlike Penguins on Parade, the previous penguin exhibit at Sea World, Penguin Point has a larger, more open style. It contains a variety of substrates including gravel, rock and grass as well as a large pool. The exhibit can house up to 60 penguins.
- Polar Bear Shores is Australia's only polar bear exhibit. It was one of the most technologically advanced exhibits for polar bears when it opened in 2000. Guests can view the polar bears from three viewing platforms: ground level, underwater and above ground. As of 2017[update] there are five polar bears in Polar Bear Shores: Liya, Hudson, Nelson and recently born twin cubs.
- Ray Reef allows guests to meet, feed and learn about one of the ocean's most misunderstood inhabitants. The exhibit features over 100 rays.
- Rescue Point Lighthouse showcases the achievements of Sea World's Research and Rescue Foundation.
- Seabird Rehabilitation Aviary is designed to house birds under care and rehabilitation. According to the official website, "many of the sea birds housed in this area will never return to the wild due to severe disabilities which have been caused mostly by mans’ ignorance and careless ways. For example, we have received pelicans that have had a broken wing from being caught in fishing line. Their wings have since been amputated. Those that recover from their injuries are free to leave at any time."
- Seal Harbour is a seal and sea lion exhibit which opened in January 2013. The exhibit has the capacity to feature up to 20 animals including Australian sea lions, California sea lions, New Zealand fur seals, and subantarctic fur seals.
- Shark Bay is the world's largest man-made lagoon system for sharks. The exhibit consists of four zones allowing for viewing and interaction. The zones include a touch pool, an inter-tidal zone, a reef lagoon and a shark lagoon. Four 10 x 3-metre windows allows all guests to see the sea life featured in these pools.
- Animal Adventures. For an additional fee, guests can take part in Animal Adventures where they can swim with Sea World's marine life.
- Sea World Books is Sea World's latest franchise. The franchise offers educational children's books about various marine animals.
- Sea World Cruises and Sea World Whale Watch make use of Sea World's "luxurious cruiser". During the winter months (when whales are travelling up and down the Gold Coast), Sea World operates whale watching tours. For the rest of the year, Sea World takes guests on a ride around the calm canals of the Gold Coast.
- Sea World Helicopters allow guests to choose between 5 different tours of the Gold Coast ranging from 5 minutes to 30 minutes. For a further additional charge, guests can purchase a souvenir DVD of their flight.
Sea World Resort and Water Park
As the name suggests, Sea World Resort and Water Park is an adjoining Resort and Water Park to Sea World. In 2008, the Sea World Water Park became part of the resort with regular park guests having to pay an additional fee to make use of the water park. More information about the Sea World Resort and Water Park can be found on its official website. In 2010, part of the Water Park was demolished to make way for Castaway Bay.
Television series filmed at Sea World include the Australian children's programmes Toasted TV (since early 2007), Camp Orange, H2O: Just Add Water, Dolphin Cove and Mako: Island of Secrets. The Shak was originally set at Sea World before being moved to WhiteWater World.
- Sea World Research and Rescue
- History and Development – Sea World. Retrieved from the official website.
- Parkz Database: Sea World Train. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Viking’s Revenge Flume Ride. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Thrillseeker. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Corkscrew Rollercoaster. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Sea World Monorail System. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Lassiter’s Lost Mine Ride. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Sky High Skyway. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Sea World Eye. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Sesame Street Beach – Sea World. Retrieved from the official website.
- Parkz Database: Sesame Street Beach. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Parkz Database: Jet Rescue. Retrieved from the Parkz Database.
- Ray Reef | Sea World. Retrieved 30 September 2009 from the official website.
- Wiped out by an act of piracy. Retrieved on 13.09.09 from the Gold Coast Bulletin.
- Ocean Rescue | Sea World. Retrieved on 13.09.09 from the official website.
- Planet SOS in 4-D. Retrieved on 13.09.09 from the official website.
- Shark Attack | Sea World. Retrieved on 24.09.09 from the official website.
- School Holiday Fun Guide (12 September 2010). The Sunday Mail.
- Messenger, Jordan (22 November 2010). "Bermuda Triangle The Ride – RIP 1994 to 2010". GC Guy. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- "Attractions Maintenance – Sea World". MyFun. Archived from the original on 23 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
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- "What is happening...". Facebook. 3 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
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- "3 new attractions for Gold Coast theme parks". Gold Coast Bulletin. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- "Attractions Maintenance – Sea World". MyFun. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Elder, Jessica (15 December 2010). "Sea World's jet-powered summer thrills". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- Sea World (2011). "Pirates Unleashed". MyFun. Archived from the original on 17 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
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- "Nickelodeon". MyFun. 16 August 2011. Archived from the original on 17 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- Lacey, Michelle (12 September 2011). "Sea World to hold SpongeBob attraction". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "BIG 3". MyFun. Archived from the original on 1 November 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
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- Ravn, Mackenzie (14 June 2012). "Dinosaurs roaming Sea World". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- Sea World (18 December 2012). "Timeline Photos". Facebook. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
- Wilson, Richard (24 November 2012). "Sea World November 2012". The Parkz Update. Parkz. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Sea World, June 2013". The Parkz Update. Parkz. 11 June 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Pierce, Jeremy (10 July 2013). "Gorillas on theme at Sea World". Gold Coast Bulletin. News Corp Australia. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Pierce, Jeremy (22 August 2012). "Sea World to open new seal exhibit". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- Westthorp, Tanya (26 January 2013). "Sea World exhibit gets seal of approval". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- Stojceska, Milena (23 January 2013). "Sea World launches extreme new show". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- Wilson, Richard (16 July 2012). "Water coaster bound for Australia in 2013". Parkz. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Sea World (31 July 2012). "Wall Photos". Facebook. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Marden, Duane. "unknown (Sea World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
- "Vikings Revenge Flume Ride to permanently close – Gold Coast Theme Parks". gcthemeparks.com.au. Retrieved 2016-12-09.
- Marden, Duane. "unknown (Sea World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- Village Roadshow Limited (21 February 2013). "Results Commentary For The Half-Year Ended 31 December 2012" (PDF). Australian Securities Exchange. p. 16. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Attractions Maintenance". Sea World. 2013. Archived from the original on 20 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Sea World (25 January 2012). "Attractions Maintenance". MyFun. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- Jet Rescue | Sea World. Retrieved 24 September 2009 from the official website.
- Sea World Mono Rail | Sea World. Retrieved 24 September 2009 from the official website.
- Sea World (12 September 2011). "The World’s First SpongeBob SquarePants Parade Comes to Sea World!". Press Release. MyFun. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Readings, Rob (12 September 2011). "Nickelodeon at Sea World". Nine Gold Coast News.
- Fish Detectives | Sea World. Retrieved 28 September 2009 from the official website.
- Imagine | Sea World. Retrieved 28 September 2009 from the official website.
- Dolphin Nursery Pool | Sea World. Retrieved 30 September 2009 from the official website.
- Penguin Point | Sea World. Retrieved 30 September 2009 from the official website.
- Polar Bear Shores | Sea World. Retrieved 30 September 2009 from the official website.
- Rescue Point Lighthouse | Sea World. Retrieved 30 September 2009 from official website: .
- Seabird Rehabilitation Aviary | Sea World. Retrieved 28 September 2009 from the official website.
- Shark Bay | Sea World. Retrieved on 30.09.09 from official website.
- Get up close and personal with marine animals on your family holiday at Sea World | Sea World. Retrieved on 13.06.10 from the official website.
- Sea World Books | Sea World. Retrieved on 13.06.10 from the official website.
- Sea World Cruises | Sea World. Retrieved on 13.06.10 from the official website.
- Sea World Whale Watch | Sea World. Retrieved on 13.06.10 from the official website.
- Sea World Helicopters | Sea World. Retrieved on 13.06.10 from the official website.
- Sea World Resort unveils new water park master plan. Retrieved on 13.06.10 from MyFun Media Centre.
- Castaway Bay Construction Aerial. Retrieved on 06.05.10 from NearMap.
- WhiteWater World – The SHAK. Retrieved 13 September 2009 from WhiteWater World's official website.
- Media related to Sea World (Australia) at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Official website
- Nature Works – Zoos and Animals – including at Sea World