Seaboard System Railroad

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Seaboard System Railroad
Seaboard System Railroad (logo).png
Richmond (95614599).jpg
A Seaboard freight train crosses the James River at Richmond, Virginia, in October 1985.
Overview
HeadquartersSeaboard System Railroad Building, 500 Water Street, Jacksonville, Florida
Reporting markSBD
LocaleSoutheastern United States
Dates of operationDecember 29, 1982 (1982-12-29)–July 1, 1986 (1986-07-01)
PredecessorsSeaboard Coast Line
Louisville and Nashville
Clinchfield Railroad
Georgia Railroad
Atlanta and West Point Railroad
Western Railway of Alabama
SuccessorCSX Transportation

The Seaboard System Railroad, Inc. (reporting mark SBD) was a US Class I railroad that operated from 1982 to 1986.

"Seaboard Air Line Railway Company" and the " Seaboard Florida Limited" 1916 ad

Since the late 1960s, Seaboard Coast Line Industries had operated the Seaboard Coast Line and its sister railroads—notably the Louisville & Nashville and Clinchfield—as the "Family Lines System". In 1980, SCLI merged with the Chessie System to create the holding company CSX Corporation; two years later, CSX merged the Family Lines railroads to create the Seaboard System Railroad.

In 1986, Seaboard renamed itself CSX Transportation, which absorbed the Chessie System's two major railroads the following year.

History[edit]

The Seaboard System's roots trace back to SCL Industries, a holding company created in 1968 that combined the Seaboard Coast Line's subsidiary railroads into one entity. In 1969, SCL was renamed Seaboard Coast Line Industries. Known as the Family Lines System from 1972-1982, to better compete with the Southern Railway System. this entity adopted its own logo and colors, but each railroad maintained its own identity. Over time, this caused confusion among customers. In comparison to the neighboring Chessie System, which had three railroads, the Family Lines had six railroads.[1] In 1971 SCL bought out the remaining shares and made the Louisville & Nashville a subsidiary.

On November 1, 1980, Seaboard Coast Lines Industries and Chessie System merged under the holding company CSX Corporation. Over the following seven years, the Chessie and Seaboard's various railroads were gradually merged into one.

The first step came on December 29, 1982, when the Seaboard Coast Line and Louisville & Nashville (under the Family Lines entity) were merged to form the Seaboard System Railroad, Inc.[1][2]

Considered as a "temporary railroad", the Seaboard System quickly began to merge the smaller railroads that were owned under the Family Lines System entity. This included the Georgia Railroad and the Clinchfield Railroad (1983), South Carolina Pacific Railway (April 30, 1984), Louisville, Henderson & St. Louis Railway (July 1984), Gainesville Midland (1985), Atlanta & West Point Railroad (June 1986) and the Columbia, Newberry & Laurens (June 1986). These mergers simplified equipment and management alongside the Chessie System railroads (Chesapeake & Ohio, Baltimore & Ohio, Western Maryland).

The process began its culmination when Seaboard renamed itself CSX Transportation on July 1, 1986. On April 30, 1987, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad was merged into the Chesapeake & Ohio. Finally, on August 31, 1987, the Chesapeake & Ohio (still under the Chessie System entity for corporate reasons) was merged into CSX Transportation. All the major railroads under CSX Corporation were now one company.[3] (The Western Railway of Alabama would remain an operating subsidiary until December 2002, when it was finally merged into CSX.[4])

The Family Lines logo included the six systems that were grouped under the name.

Equipment colors and painting[edit]

Even before the creation of the Seaboard System, locomotives began to receive a simplified paint scheme of the Family Lines. However, only the iron-grey, red, and yellow colors were recycled, in combination with a completely redesigned logo featuring a coupled variation font of ITC Eras Demi. The first locomotive to be decorated with the new Seaboard System paint scheme was Uceta GP16 #4802 in October 1982. Because the merger did not occur until December, locomotives after October 1982 were to receive the Seaboard System paint scheme with the existing railroad's reporting marks applied.[1][3]

When the merger officially took effect on January 1, 1983, all former reporting marks were to be either removed or patched with SBD initials. Shortly before taking delivery of the L&N specified EMD SD50's, Seaboard adopted a Swis721[5] type font for reporting marks and numbers, instead of the customized Seaboard Coast Line lettering seen on pre-1983 repaints. To simplify its locomotive roster and meet Chessie System specifications, Seaboard introduced a numbering system that partially became meshed within the Chessie System locomotive fleet, and removed any existing Mars Lights or Gyralights from locomotives. Any new locomotives purchased by Seaboard would be built to meet Chessie specifications; of which only three, EMD SD50, EMD MP15T and GE B36-7, were ordered.

Operating divisions[edit]

This section lists the operating divisions of the Seaboard System as of January 1, 1985:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Solomon, Brian (2005). CSX. MBI Publishing Company. pp. 63–67. ISBN 0-7603-1796-8.
  2. ^ Griffin, William (2004). Seaboard Coast Line & Family Lines. TLC Publishing. pp. 124–136. ISBN 0-9766201-0-3.
  3. ^ a b Moody's Transportation Manual, 1992, pp. xxii-xxiv, 421-428, 451
  4. ^ Surface Transportation Board, CSX Transportation, Inc.--Corporate Family Merger Exemption--The Western Railway of Alabama, December 26, 2002
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2012-06-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Seaboard System Railroad: List of Stations and Yards. Office of General Manager: Terminal Station Manager. January 1, 1985.