Seal Bay Conservation Park

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This article is about the protected area in South Australia. For the associated locality, see Seal Bay, South Australia.
Seal Bay Conservation Park
South Australia
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
Sea lion and pup in Seal Bay - Kangaroo Island.jpg
Australian sea lions on beach at Seal Bay Conservation Park
Seal Bay Conservation Park is located in South Australia
Seal Bay Conservation Park
Seal Bay Conservation Park
Nearest town or city Kingscote
Coordinates 35°59′55″S 137°21′45″E / 35.99861°S 137.36250°E / -35.99861; 137.36250Coordinates: 35°59′55″S 137°21′45″E / 35.99861°S 137.36250°E / -35.99861; 137.36250
Established 10 January 1967 (1967-01-10)[1]
Area 6,367 ha (15,730 acres)[1]
Visitation 101,595 (in 2014-15)[2]
Managing authorities Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
Website Seal Bay Conservation Park
See also Protected areas of South Australia

Seal Bay Conservation Park is a protected area located on the south coast of Kangaroo Island in the Australian state of South Australia. It is the home of the third largest Australian sea lion colony in Australia.[3]

It is one of the most popular tourist destinations on Kangaroo Island.[citation needed] In order to protect the colony, visitors are only allowed on the beach by paying to go on a guided tour.[4]



Seal Bay Conservation Park is located in South Australia on the south coast of Kangaroo Island about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of the municipal seat of Kingscote.[5] It is located within the gazetted locality of Seal Bay.[6]


The conservation park is part of a group of protected areas extending along the coastline from the east end of Vivonne Bay in the west to the southern end of D'Estrees Bay in the east. It occupies several parcels of land which are bounded to the north in part by the South Coast Road by the West Bay Road and by the coastline in the south. It also includes Nobby Islet.[7][8]

A road named Seal Bay Road provides access to visitor facilities at Bales Beach in the east and overlooking the body of water known as Seal Bay in the west.

Protected area designation[edit]

The conservation park is classified as an IUCN Category VI protected area.[9]


The sea lion population on Kangaroo Island had been exploited for economic purposes since the European colonisation. As sea lions were still being hunted as a source of shark bait post 1945, the Field Naturalists Section of the Royal Society of South Australia wrote to the South Australian Museum in 1953 requesting that sea lions be given protection along the southern coast of Kangaroo Island. The request was also supported by both the South Australian Ornithological Association and the fledgling tourism industry on Kangaroo Island. A recommendation was forwarded to the Department of Fisheries and Game for the proclamation of a sanctuary of 10 miles (16 km) in length. A closed area for sea-lions extending from Nobby Islet to Cape Gantheaume was subsequently proclaimed under the Animals and Birds Protection Act 1946 at Seal Beach on 28 October 1954.[10][11][5]

Organised tours commenced in 1955 as an initiative of a Kangaroo Island resident. As of 1969, six operators conveyed total of 7525 tourists to the reserve while ‘a large number of people visited the area with private and hire cars’. In 1974, the estimated annual visitation was between 25,000 and 30,000 people while in 1994 it was 70,000 people and as of the year 2014-15, it was 101,595.[2][12][13]

In 1967, the reserve was re-dedicated as a fauna reserve under the Fauna Conservation Act 1964 along with the inclusion of two prohibited areas intended to protect the breeding area from interference. The reserve was also concurrently dedicated as a Fauna Conservation Reserve under the Crown Lands Act 1929.[5] In 1971, an aquatic reserve in the waters adjoining the Seal Beach foreshore was proclaimed under the Fisheries Act 1971 . In 1972, the reserve was again re-dedicated as the Seal Bay Conservation Park under the newly enacted National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972.[5]

Associated protected areas[edit]

The Seal Bay Conservation Park is associated with three other protected areas which support the objectives of its management plan. These are the Seal Bay Aquatic Reserve, the Bales Beach Aquatic Reserve and the Southern Kangaroo Island Marine Park.[14][15][16]

Southern Kangaroo Island Marine Park[edit]

Since 2012, the waters adjoining the shoreline of the conservation park are also part of a restricted access zone and a habitat protection zone located within the boundaries of the Southern Kangaroo Island Marine Park.[16]


See also[edit]

Citations and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Protected Areas Information System - reserve list (as of 17 Feb 2014)" (PDF). Department of Environment Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b DEWNR, 2015, page 43
  3. ^ "Australian sea lions". Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (DEWNR). 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Seal Bay: Visiting the park". Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (DEWNR). 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d NPWS, 1977, page 13
  6. ^ "Search result for "Seal Bay Conservation Park" (Record no SA0060909) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  7. ^ DEWNR (map), 2015
  8. ^ DENR, 1993, page 3
  9. ^ DoE, 2014
  10. ^ "Moves to protect seals". The News (Adelaide, SA),. 17 August 1954. p. 12. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "GOVT. MOVES ON SEAL 'MASSACRE'". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA),. 29 October 1954. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  12. ^ NPWS, 1977, page 14
  13. ^ Robinson et al, 1996, page 93
  14. ^ NPWS, 1977, page 28
  15. ^ Primary Industries and Regions South Australia (PIRSA) (2007), Aquatic Reserves: SEAL BAY - BALES BEACH (PDF), Primary Industries and Regions South Australia 
  16. ^ a b DEWNR, 2012, page 24

External links[edit]