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Classification and external resources
ICD-9-CM 059.12

The Sealpox is a cutaneous condition caused by parapoxvirus, usually affecting seal handlers who have been bitten by infected harbor or grey seals.[1]:394 First identified in 1969,[2] it wasn't unequivocally proven to be transmissible to humans until 2005,[3] though such transmission had been reported at least as early as 1987.[4] It causes lesions that closely resemble those caused by orf.[3] As many as 2% of seals in marine mammal rehabilitation facilities in North America may have it.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. 
  2. ^ Dunn, J. Lawrence; Spotte, Stephen (1974). "Some Clinical Aspects of Seal Pox in Captive Atlantic Harbor Seals". The Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine: 27. JSTOR 20094269. 
  3. ^ a b Clark C, McIntyre PG, Evans A, McInnes CJ, Lewis-Jones S (2005). "Human sealpox resulting from a seal bite: confirmation that sealpox virus is zoonotic". The British journal of dermatology. 152 (4): 791–3. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2005.06451.x. PMID 15840117. 
  4. ^ Hastings, Barkley E.; Lowenstine, Linda J.; Gage, Laurie J.; Munn, Robert J. (September 1989). "An Epizootic of Seal Pox in Pinnipeds at a Rehabilitation Center". Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians: 282, 290. JSTOR 20094962. Abstract: An epizootic of cutaneous nodules occurred in three species of pinnipeds at the California Marine Mammal Center during the summer of 1986. 
  5. ^ Roess, Amira; Levine, Rebecca; Barth, Laura; Monroe, Benjamin; Carroll, Darin; Damon, Inger; Reynolds, Mary (December 2011). "Sealpox Virus in Marine Mammal Rehabilitation Facilities, North America, 2007–2009". Emerging Infectious Diseases. CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 17 (12). doi:10.3201/eid1712.101945. Retrieved 2 March 2017.