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Classification and external resources
ICD-9-CM 059.12

The Sealpox is a cutaneous condition caused by parapoxvirus, usually affecting seal handlers who have been bitten by infected harbor or grey seals.[1]:394 First identified in 1969,[2] it wasn't unequivocally proven to be transmissible to humans until 2005,[3] though such transmission had been reported at least as early as 1987.[4] It causes lesions that closely resemble those caused by orf.[3] As many as 2% of seals in marine mammal rehabilitation facilities in North America may have it.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. 
  2. ^ Dunn, J. Lawrence; Spotte, Stephen (1974). "Some Clinical Aspects of Seal Pox in Captive Atlantic Harbor Seals". The Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine. p. 27. Retrieved 4 March 2014.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ a b [1] "Human sealpox resulting from a seal bite: confirmation that sealpox virus is zoonotic."
  4. ^ Hastings, Barkley E.; Lowenstine, Linda J.; Gage, Laurie J.; Munn, Robert J. (September 1989). "An Epizootic of Seal Pox in Pinnipeds at a Rehabilitation Center". Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine.; American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. pp. 282, 290. Retrieved 4 March 2014. Abstract: An epizootic of cutaneous nodules occurred in three species of pinnipeds at the California Marine Mammal Center during the summer of 1986. 
  5. ^ Amira Roess; Rebecca Levine; Laura Barth; Benjamin Monroe; Darin Carroll; Inger Damon; Mary Reynolds (December 2011). "Sealpox Virus in Marine Mammal Rehabilitation Facilities, North America, 2007–2009". Emerging Infectious Diseases: Volume 17, Number 12. CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 4 March 2014.