The Queen of Concrete
|Location||Bryant & 16th Streets|
(right field corner)
Mission District, San Francisco
|Owner||San Francisco Seals|
Paul I. Fagan
|Field size||Left Field – 340 ft (1931), 365 ft (1958), 361 ft (1959)|
Left-Center – 375 ft (1958), 364 ft (1959)
Center Field – 400 ft (1931), 410 ft (1958), 400 ft (1959)
Right-Center – 397 ft (1958)
Right Field – 385 ft (1931), 365 ft (1940), 355 ft (1958), 350 ft (1959)
|Opened||April 7, 1931|
|Closed||September 20, 1959|
|Construction cost||$1.25 million|
|San Francisco Seals (PCL) (1931–1957)|
Mission Reds (PCL) (1931–1937)
San Francisco Giants (MLB) (1958–1959)
Seals Stadium was a minor league baseball stadium in San Francisco, that later became the first home of the major league San Francisco Giants. Opened in the Mission District in 1931, Seals Stadium was the longtime home of the San Francisco Seals (1931–57) of the Pacific Coast League. The Pacific Coast League Mission Reds (1931–37) shared the ballpark with the Seals for the first seven years before moving to Los Angeles.
In 1958, Seals Stadium became a temporary home for the San Francisco Giants for their first two seasons in San Francisco while Candlestick Park was under construction. Less than three decades old, Seals Stadium was demolished in late 1959.
Seals Stadium history
Seals Stadium opened on April 7, 1931 after a construction cost of $1.25 million. It was of concrete and steel construction and was named after its key tenant, the Pacific Coast League's San Francisco Seals and was uniquely designed to host another San Francisco Pacific Coast League team, the Mission Reds. The ballpark land had been part of pioneer land plots of the "Home Plate Mine," which became an early nickname of the ballpark. Built during the Depression, Seals President "Doc" Strub described how laborers would leap onto the running boards of his automobile and beg for the opportunity to work on the project for $3 a day.
With two tenants, Seals Stadium was uniquely constructed with three dressing rooms. One dressing room was for the visiting team, and one for each of the minor league home teams. The stadium had six tower banks for lighting, which were described as the best in minor league baseball at the time. Opening with a capacity of 18,600, Seals Stadium had no roof over the grandstands, because of San Francisco's little rainfall during the summertime and the fans' preference to sit in the sun. The original uncovered grandstand stretched from foul pole to foul pole and there was uncovered bleacher section in right field. In some years during its minor league days, a live seal was kept in a water tank underneath the grandstand. The field was oriented southeast, with the right field bleachers bounded by 16th Street.
San Francisco Seals (1931–1957)/ Mission Reds (1931–1937)
The San Francisco Seals began play in 1903 as charter team in the Pacific Coast League. They played at the wooden Recreation Park, located at Valencia and 14th Street, before Seals Stadium was built for them. In 1926, the Pacific Coast League Mission Reds (named after the Mission District) relocated from Los Angeles where they had been called the Vernon Tigers. They joined the Seals at Recreation Park.
On March 13, 1931, Seals Stadium officially opened with a spring training game between the Seals and the Detroit Tigers. At the regular season home opener on April 7, 1931 Ty Cobb threw out the first pitch. 25,000 fans attended. The Missions opened their home season at Seals Stadium a week later, April 14 - hosting the Seals.
Notably, Hall of Famer Joe DiMaggio grew up in San Francisco and played for the Seals from October 1932 through 1935. In 1933, DiMaggio hit safely in a record 61 straight games for the Seals, with 169 RBI and a batting average of.340. Another future major league player Gus Suhr had an incredible season for the Seals in 1929, hitting .381 with 51 home runs and 177 RBI. Other notable Seals players included Hall of Famers Earl Averill, Tony Lazzeri, Joe Cronin and Lefty Gomez, as well as Dominic DiMaggio, Vince DiMaggio, Albie Pearson and Ferris Fain.
Seals Stadium hosted other events. On February 22, 1933 boxer Young Corbett III defeated Jackie Fields at the stadium, earning the title of World Welterweight Champion. Corbett later won the Middleweight Championship at Seals, beating Fred Apostoli on February 22, 1938.
After World War II concluded, Seals owner Paul Fagan invested in a stadium makeover. Fagan had all billboards removed and had the entire stadium painted green. Nearby the stadium was the Rainier (later Hamm's) Brewery. The roof of the brewery contained a sign depicting an enormous foaming glass of beer that was lit up at night and was visible from inside the park. Also nearby was the Langendorf Bakery, which sent the smell of baking bread into the ballpark. At the corner of 16th Street and Bryant was the Double Play bar and grill, which opened in 1909 and is still in operation today. It has been described as a "shrine to baseball."
The Seals drew well at Seals Park. In 1948 they set a minor league attendance record, drawing 670,000 fans. This showcased the feasibility that San Francisco could someday sustain and support a Major League franchise and Fagan was posturing to position the Seals to become a major league franchise. In 1950, Fagan briefly halted peanut sales at the stadium, possibly due to cleanup costs. The move was ill-advised, as disgruntled fans brought their own peanuts and hurled the shells onto the field. After the “Peanut Revolt,” Fagan gave away 18,000 free bags of peanuts.
In 1958, after the New York Giants announced their intention move to San Francisco, the Seals were forced to move. The minor league franchise was relocated to Phoenix, Arizona in 1958, becoming the Phoenix Giants.
San Francisco Giants (1958–1959)
On May 28, 1957, the New York Giants and owner Horace Stoneham announced they intended to leave the Polo Grounds in New York City and relocate to San Francisco. The major league owners approved the move under the condition that the Brooklyn Dodgers would also complete their intended move to Los Angeles. Dodgers' owner Walter O'Malley and San Francisco Mayor George Christopher had worked to partner with Stoneham on the move to San Francisco. Both teams moving to California together made sense for scheduling balance and travel. On August 19, 1957, official announcement of the moves was made. By agreement, both teams would play in temporary locations while each city build a new ballpark. The Giants agreed to play at Seals Stadium while Candlestick Park was under construction and the Dodgers played at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, (bypassing smaller Los Angeles Wrigley Field), while Dodger Stadium was under construction.
To accommodate Major League Baseball, more seating was needed at Seals Stadium. A separate uncovered bleacher section was added in left field. The ballfield remained without a warning track. Given the temporary usage by the Giants, Seals Stadium was not renamed. The original plan was to play just the first year at Seals Stadium, but that proved to not be the case.
On April 15, 1958, the first West Coast Major League game was played at Seals Park. With Hall of Famers Willie Mays and Orlando Cepeda, the Giants opened with an 8–0 victory over Don Drysdale and the new Los Angeles Dodgers. Mays would go on to hit .347 with 29 home runs in 1958 and Cepeda would win the National League Rookie of the Year Award. Willie McCovey, another future Hall of Famer, then won the award in 1959. Cepeda would hit his first career home run at Seals Stadium on April 15, 1958.
Prevailing winds to left field aided right-handed hitters; of the 45 home runs hit in its first 19 major league games in 1958, 36 were to left field. All-Star Giants pitcher Johnny Antonelli was not a fan of the ballpark, telling reporters after a loss, "A pitcher should be paid double for working here. Worst ballpark in America. Every time you stand up there, you’ve got to beat the hitter and a 30-mile-per-hour wind." A brewery was just north of the venue.
The final game at Seals Stadium took place on September 20, 1959. The Giants lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers 8–2 in front of 22,923.
1959 demolition and site usage
With Candlestick Park nearing completion, Seals Stadium was demolished in November 1959. Many of the seats and the light towers were eventually repurposed at Cheney Stadium in Tacoma, Washington.
After demolition, the site (bounded by Bryant Street, 16th Street, Potrero Avenue and Alameda Street) initially housed a White Front department store. For many years after, there were several automobile dealerships after the 1982 demise of Van Ness Avenue's famed auto row. In the late 1990s, the area was converted to a shopping center.
2008: 50 year anniversary tribute
On April 15, 2008, the San Francisco Giants paid tribute to the 50th Anniversary of their move to Seals Stadium. There was a ceremony at the Seals Stadium site and another at Oracle Park to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1958 Opening Day. The Giants' home game that day – against the Arizona Diamondbacks – was started at 1:35 p.m. That start time commemorated the same time of day that Giants' pitcher Ruben Gomez threw the first pitch at Seals Stadium on Opening Day, April 15, 1958. The first 20,000 fans attending the Diamondbacks-Giants game received a commemorative poster print of the Gomez' first pitch from 1958. Orlando Cepeda and Gino Cimoli, the first man at bat on that historic day, threw out the ceremonial first pitch.
There were pre-game events at the site of Seals Stadium. Ceremonies included the unveiling of a new bronze historical plaque at the site, a recreation of the radio call of the first pitch by Jon Miller, an honoring of Mike Murphy, the Giants 50-year legendary clubhouse manager, as well as speeches/recollections by Willie Mays and others. Among those recognized were Giants Hall of Famers Mays and Orlando Cepeda and 1958 Giants players Jim Davenport and Eddie Bressoud. Descendants of former Giants' owner Horace Stoneham and Mayor George Christopher (both instrumental in moving the Giants from New York to San Francisco) were in attendance.
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- Goldstein, Richard (February 28, 2020). "Johnny Antonelli, Star Pitcher for the Giants, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
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- Sherwin, Bob (July 28, 2004). "Cheney Stadium the focal point for Tacoma's link to M's". Seattle Times. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Seals Stadium.|
- 1931 Aerial View showing Seals Stadium (toward lower right) and the Seals' prior home Recreation Park (toward upper left)
- Found SF – 16th and Potrero – Seals Stadium
- SF Gate.com – first major league baseball game in California – April 15, 1958
- Ballparks of Baseball – Seals Stadium
- Ballparks.phanfare.com – Seals Stadium
- Ballparks.com – Seals Stadium
- SF Gate.com – Seals Stadium: Tribute to an epic ballpark
- Photos of Seals Stadium: http://digitalballparks.com/National/Seals.html
- http://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1202&context=etd_theses – The Development of San Francisco and the San Francisco Seals, James McSweeney, San Jose State University, Master's Thesis, 1991.