Seamen's Bethel

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Seamen's Bethel
Exterior seamensbethelnewbedford2006.jpg
Front elevation, 2006
LocationNew Bedford, Massachusetts
Coordinates41°38′08″N 70°55′26″W / 41.63556°N 70.92389°W / 41.63556; -70.92389Coordinates: 41°38′08″N 70°55′26″W / 41.63556°N 70.92389°W / 41.63556; -70.92389
AreaNew Bedford Historic District
Built1832
NRHP reference No.66000773
Added to NRHP1966

The Seamen's Bethel (or Seaman's Bethel) is a chapel in New Bedford, Massachusetts, United States, located at 15 Johnny Cake Hill.

History[edit]

Built by the New Bedford Port Society, it was completed on May 2, 1832. It is a contributing property to the New Bedford Historic District, a National Historic Landmark.

The Seamen's Bethel was specifically constructed for the many sailors who called New Bedford their home port (mostly whalers), who considered it a matter of tradition that one visited the chapel before setting sail.[1]

Some changes were made when the structure was repaired after a fire in 1866. The names of New Bedford whalers killed, and later all area fishermen, are noted on the walls of the bethel.

James Henry Gooding, a war correspondent and member of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the Civil War, married Ellen Louisa Allen in the bethel in the summer of 1862.[2]

In 1996 the Seamen's Bethel, along with the New Bedford Whaling Museum (located across the street), the historic district and other icons of New Bedford whaling were collectively made into the New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park.

Moby-Dick[edit]

In 1851, Herman Melville published Moby-Dick, his famous tale of the white whale. The bethel was immortalized in the book as the "Whaleman's Chapel". Melville wrote:

In this same New Bedford there stands a Whaleman's Chapel, and few are the moody fishermen, shortly bound for the Indian Ocean or Pacific, who fail to make a Sunday visit to the spot.

In the novel, a nautically-themed sermon is given from a bow-shaped pulpit by a chaplain named Father Mapple. The character is generally believed to be inspired by Father Edward Thompson Taylor, who Melville likely heard preaching in Boston. However, he was likely also inspired to create the character after hearing Enoch Mudge preaching at the Seamen's Bethel on December 27, 1840, while in New Bedford awaiting his own departure on a whaling vessel.[3]

The pulpit shaped like the bow of a ship in the novel was a Melville invention, but a replica of the one described in the book was added to the chapel in 1961 by Robert Baker, boat builder and naval architect from Westport, MA. Also noted is the pew that Melville sat in when he visited in 1840.

After the book's publication, the Seamen's Bethel came to be widely seen as a symbol of the whalers, and later as a symbol of their history.[citation needed]

In film[edit]

Shots of Seamen's Bethel appear in the 1922 film Down to the Sea in Ships. In 1956, John Huston shot a scene from the movie adaptation of Moby-Dick (with Gregory Peck and Orson Welles), in front of the real Seamen's Bethel, but interior shots in the movie were not shot on-location. This revitalized tourism to the area.

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Visitor's Guide Archived 2008-10-08 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Mulderink, Earl F. III. New Bedford's Civil War. New York: Fordham University Press, 2012: 105. ISBN 978-0-8232-4334-1
  3. ^ Knickerbocker, Wendy. Bard of the Bethel: The Life and Times of Boston's Father Taylor, 1793-1871. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014: 293. ISBN 978-1-4438-5407-8

External links[edit]