|Died||12 May 2021 (aged 81)|
Dublin, Republic of Ireland
|Alma mater||Queen's University Belfast|
Pembroke College, Cambridge
|Fields||Literary criticism, poetry, fiction, postcolonialism|
Seamus Francis Deane (9 February 1940 – 12 May 2021) was an Irish poet, novelist, critic, and intellectual historian. He was noted for his debut novel, Reading in the Dark, which won several literary awards and was nominated for the Booker Prize in 1996.
Seamus Francis Deane was born in Derry, Northern Ireland, on 9 February 1940. He was the fourth child of Frank Deane and Winifred (Doherty), and was brought up as part of a Catholic nationalist family. Deane attended St. Columb's College in his hometown, where he befriended fellow student Seamus Heaney. He then attended Queen's University Belfast (BA and MA) and Pembroke College, Cambridge (PhD), with Heaney. Although he too became noted for his poetry, Deane chose to go into academia instead. He worked as a teacher in Derry, with Martin McGuinness being one of his students. McGuinness later recalled how Deane was "gentle, kind and never raised his voice at all, an ideal teacher who was very highly thought of".
After graduating from Cambridge, Deane taught at the University of California, Berkeley, during the 1960s. Over the next two decades, he taught American college juniors part-time at the School of Irish Studies in the Ballsbridge section of Dublin. He was a professor of modern English and American literature at University College Dublin until 1992. Deane subsequently relocated to the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, as the Donald and Marilyn Keough Chair of Irish Studies, from which he retired as professor emeritus.
Deane was the co-editor of Field Day Review, an annual journal of Irish studies he founded with Breandán Mac Suibhne. He also served as general editor of the Penguin Classic James Joyce series and of Critical Conditions, a series in Irish Studies which was jointly published by the University of Notre Dame Press and Cork University Press. He co-founded with Mac Suibhne the book series Field Files, which contained key works by David Lloyd, Joe Cleary, Marjorie Howes, and Kerby A. Miller.
Deane's first marriage was to Marion. Together, they had four children: Conor, Ciarán, Cormac and Émer. He was in a civil partnership with Emer Nolan until his death; they had one child together (Iseult).
The first collection of Deane's poetry, Gradual Wars, was published in 1972 and received the AE Memorial Award for Literature. His first novel, Reading in the Dark, was published in 1996 and was partly autobiographical. It won the 1996 Guardian Fiction Prize and the 1996 South Bank Show Annual Award for Literature, is a New York Times Notable Book, won the Irish Times International Fiction Prize and the Irish Literature Prize in 1997, besides being shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1996. The novel was translated into more than 20 languages. He was also the general editor of the monumental Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing, which was 4,000 pages long and whose first volumes were released in 1990. It was later criticised for excluding the voices and experiences of Irish women. Deane responded to this by stating, "To my astonishment and dismay, I have found that I myself have been subject to the same kind of critique to which I have subjected colonialism … I find that I exemplify some of the faults and erasures which I analyse and characterize in the earlier period".
- Celtic Revivals: Essays in Modern Irish Literature 1880–1980 (1985)
- A Short History of Irish Literature (1986)
- The French Enlightenment and Revolution in England 1789-1832, Harvard University Press, (1988)
- Strange Country: Modernity and Nationhood in Irish Writing since 1790, Oxford (1997)
- Foreign Affections: Essays on Edmund Burke (2004)
His poetry includes:
- While Jewels Rot (1966)
- Gradual Wars (1972)
- Rumours (1977)
- History Lessons (1983)
- Selected Poems (1988)
- Doyle, Martin (13 May 2021). "Seamus Deane, leading Irish writer and critic, has died aged 81". The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
- International Who's Who in Poetry 2004. Abingdon, England: Taylor & Francis. 2003. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-85743-178-0.
- Who's Who, What's what and where in Ireland. Los Angeles, California: Geoffrey Chapman Publishers. 1973. p. 83. ISBN 9780225658873.
- State, Paul F. (2009). A Brief History of Ireland. New York City: Infobase Publishing. p. 311. ISBN 9780816075164.
- "Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies". Retrieved 2 January 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Moloney, Eoghan (13 May 2021). "Derry writer and critic Seamus Deane dies aged 81". Irish Independent. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
- "Seamus Deane: Derry-born author and poet dies". BBC News. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
- Crowley, Sinéad (13 May 2021). "Author and critic Seamus Deane dies aged 81". RTE. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
- Clark, Heather L. (2006). The Ulster renaissance : poetry in Belfast, 1962–1972. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-153694-6. OCLC 252686692.