After being redshirted as a freshman in 2005, Canfield played in eight games as a backup quarterback in 2006, completing 28 of 45 passes for 355 yards two touchdowns and three interceptions. As a sophomore in 2007 Canfield started the first nine games for the Beavers before suffering an injury against the USC Trojans. He finished the season completing 165 of 286 passes for 1,661 yards, nine touchdowns and 15 interceptions. As a junior in 2008 he missed most of the teams practice in August and the first few weeks of the season while rehabilitating from his left shoulder injury that he suffered the previous season. He ended up starting only two games. He finished the season completing 56 of 84 attempts for 703 yards with six touchdowns and two interceptions.
Canfield finished his senior season in 2009 with completing 303 of 446 pass attempts for 3,271 yards, 21 touchdowns, and seven interceptions as the Beavers ended the season with an 8-5 record.
Coming out of Oregon State, he was considered one of the top quarterback prospects for the 2010 NFL Draft. He was selected by the New Orleans Saints with the 239th overall pick. Prior to being waived on August 31, he was competing for the backup quarterback position behind starter Drew Brees. During the 2010 season, Canfield spent time jumping back and forth from the active roster to the practice squad without seeing any game action. He was re-signed to the active roster from the practice squad following the season, but was waived during final roster cuts again on September 3, 2011. He spent time on the team's practice squad and active roster again during the season. He was re-signed to the active roster following the season on January 14, 2012. On August 31, 2012, the Saints cut Canfield.