Sean McMeekin (born May 10, 1974, in Idaho) is an American historian. He is a specialist in European history of the early 20th century, especially regarding the origins of the First World War, and the role of Russia and the Ottoman Empire. He is currently Francis Flournoy Professor of European History and Culture at Bard College in upstate New York.
McMeekin grew up in Rochester, New York and studied history at Stanford University (B.A. 1996) and the University of California, Berkeley (M.A. 1998 and PhD 2001) as well as in Paris, Berlin, and Moscow. He also held a Henry Chauncey Jr. '57 Postdoctoral Fellowship at Yale and was a fellow of the Remarque Institute at New York University. McMeekin taught in Turkey as an assistant professor in the Centre for Russian Studies at Bilkent University in Ankara and in the College of Social Sciences and Humanities of Koç University in Istanbul. He is now professor of history at Bard College in New York state.
His main research interests include modern German history, Russian history, communism, and the First World War. He has authored books and essays which have appeared in journals such as Contemporary European History and Communisme.
He is married and the father of two children.
- 2010: Norman B. Tomlinson Jr. Book Prize for The Russian Origins of the First World War
- 2011: Barbara Jelavich Book Prize for The Berlin-Baghdad Express
- 2015: Arthur Goodzeit Book Award for The Ottoman Endgame
- 2016: Historian's Prize of the Erich-und-Erna-Kronauer-Stiftung
- The Red Millionaire. A Political Biography of Willi Münzenberg, Moscow's Secret Propaganda Tsar in the West. Yale University Press, New Haven 2003, ISBN 0-300-09847-2.
- History's Greatest Heist. The Looting of Russia by the Bolsheviks. Yale University Press, New Haven 2009, ISBN 978-0-300-13558-9.
- The Berlin-Baghdad Express: The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge 2010, ISBN 978-0-674-05739-5.
- The Russian Origins of the First World War. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge 2011, ISBN 978-0-674-06210-8.
- July 1914: Countdown to War. Basic Books, New York 2013, ISBN 978-0-465-03145-0.
- The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908–1923. Penguin Press, New York 2015, ISBN 978-1-59420-532-3.
- The Russian Revolution: A New History. Basic Books, New York 2017, ISBN 978-0465039906. Review in New York Times