|Sean C. Solomon|
Los Angeles, California
|Alma mater||California Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Doctoral advisor||M. Nafi Toksöz|
|Known for||Science lead for MESSENGER and director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution for Science|
|Notable awards||G. K. Gilbert Award, Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship, National Medal of Science (2012)|
Sean Carl Solomon (born 1945) is the director of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, where he is also the William B. Ransford Professor of Earth and Planetary Science. Before moving to Columbia in 2012, he was the director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institute in Washington, D.C. His research area is in geophysics, including the fields of planetary geology, seismology, marine geophysics, and geodynamics. Solomon is the principal investigator on the NASA MESSENGER mission to Mercury. He is also a team member on the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory mission and the Plume-Lithosphere Undersea Melt Experiment (PLUME).
From 1972 through 1992 he was an assistant, associate, and full professor at MIT. For the next 20 years he was Director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. He assumed his current positions at Columbia in 2012. Solomon has served as Principal Investigator for the Carnegie Institute's part of the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) and member of the Earth Institute External Advisory Board at Columbia University. He has been a member of the Magellan Project Science Team, Radar Investigation Group  and the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter Team. He has been on numerous oceanographic expeditions. Solomon continues to serve on committees.
Awards and honors
Solomon is the recipient of the 1999 G. K. Gilbert Award from the Geological Society of America and the Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship from the National Academy of Sciences also in 1999. He was president of the American Geophysical Union from 1996 to 1998. In 2005, Solomon was awarded the Harry H. Hess Medal by the American Geophysical Union. The medal is given for outstanding achievements on research on the evolution of Earth and other planets. He received the Distinguished Alumni Award from the California Institute of Technology in 2006. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1995. In 2012, he was named a National Medal of Science laureate.  In 2014, President Barack Obama presented Solomon with the National Medal of Science.
- Geophysicist Sean C. Solomon Named New Director of Columbia’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory http://news.columbia.edu/home/2721. Retrieved 04-04-2012
- Sean C. Solomon http://www.dtm.ciw.edu/scs/. Retrieved 11-03-2010
- http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/who_we_are/science_team.html. Retrieved 11-03-2010
- American Men and Women of Science, R.R. Bowker (New Providence, NJ), 1998–1999
- External Advisory Board http://www.earth.columbia.edu/articles/views/1006
- Magellan: The Unveiling of Venus http://history.nasa.gov/JPL-400-345/magellan.htm. Retrieved 11/03/2010
- http://www.agu.org/about/honors/union/hess/solomon_seanc.shtml Sean C. Solomon Receives 2005 Harry H. Hess Medal. Retrieved 2010-10-20
- Distinguished Alumni Award http://alumni.caltech.edu/distinguished_alumni/. Retrieved 11-03-2010
- "President Obama honors nation's top scientists and innovators". http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=132934. NSF. External link in