|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (November 2008)|
Seaspan ULC (formerly Seaspan Marine Corporation) provides marine-related services to the Pacific Northwest. Within the Group are three shipyards, an intermodal ferry business, and a tug and barge transportation company that serves both domestic and international markets. Seaspan is part of the Washington Companies, owned by Dennis Washington. Seaspan is run by his son Kyle Washington, as Executive Chairman, who has become a Canadian citizen. Seaspan ULC was formerly known as Seaspan Marine Corporation, and prior to that Washington Marine Group.
- 1 Marine Transportation
- 2 Ships
- 3 Shipyards
- 4 Other Services
- 5 History
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Seaspan ULC has evolved into a prominent marine transportation company serving the West Coast of North America with a large tugboat and barge fleet. Seaspan's barges haul materials from the forest (logs, wood chips, hog fuel, lumber, pulp, paper and newsprint), minerals (construction aggregate and limestone), railcars, plus machinery, fuel and supplies to coastal communities. Seaspan also provides ship docking services to the Ports of Vancouver, Victoria, Esquimalt and other BC out ports.
Seaspan Ferries Corporation
Seaspan Ferries Corporation is a commercial roll on - roll off ferry service providing regularly scheduled transportation between British Columbia's Lower Mainland terminal in Delta and Vancouver Island's Nanaimo and Swartz Bay terminals. Based in Delta, B.C., Seaspan Ferries Corporation transports semi-trailer trucks, containers, and rail cars on self-propelled ferries and integrated tug-barge units.
- Seaspan Commander
- Seaspan Guardian
- Seaspan Osprey
- Seaspan Pacer
- Seaspan Resolution
- Seaspan Royal
- Seaspan Raven
- Seaspan Greg (ex Greg Yorke): Former F M Yorke & Sons Ltd rail car barge from 1964 to 1972. Renamed to Current name in 1974.
- Carrier Princess: Former BCCSS (British Columbia Coast Steamship Service) Ferry from 1973 to 1998
- Princess Superior: Former BCCSS (British Columbia Coast Steamship Service) Ferry from 1993 to 1998. Originally built in 1974 and named Incan Superior for Incan Marine Ltd.
- Seaspan Challenger/ Coastal Spirit: Barge pusher tug
- Arctic Hooper / Fraser Link: Barge pusher tug
- Sea-Link Pusher / VanIsle Link: Barge pusher tug
- Pacificat class ferries: 3 fast ferries sold to WMG in 2003 from BC Ferries. In 2009 the three ferries were sold to Abu Dhabi MAR, a luxury yacht builder. In the six years with WMG, a plan was organized to run the ferries from the Duke Point Ferry terminal to Vancouver, but this idea never happened.
- Seaspan Doris (ex Doris Yorke): Former F M Yorke & Sons Ltd ferry from 1968 to 1972. Renamed to Current name in 1974. As of 2012 the ferry was mothballed in North Vancouver.
Near to Pacific Northwest shipping lanes, Seaspan Shipyards are a resource for the region's important marine industry. The Group's operations consist of three shipyards.
Located on the north shore of Vancouver Harbour at the eastern end of the former Burrard Dry Dock site, Vancouver Drydock operates two floating drydocks with lifting capacities of 36,000 tonnes in a Panamax beam dock, and 30,000 tonnes in a self-contained deployable dock.
Vancouver Shipyards designs, constructs, maintains, and repairs all types of vessels. The yard's facilities include a major steel forming shop, a large fabrication and assembly hall, a totally enclosed paint facility, and a SyncroLift capable of lifting vessels up to 1200 tonnes.
Utilizing the Esquimalt Graving Dock, owned and operated by Public Works and Government Services of Canada, Victoria Shipyards can drydock and repair vessels up to 100,000 DWT. Victoria Shipyards is the largest ship repair company on Canada's Pacific coast.
For over a quarter of a century, Marine Petrobulk has supplied all grades of bunker fuels to vessels entering the ports of Vancouver, New Westminster, Victoria, Prince Rupert, Kitimat and Nanaimo.
Note: There are many differences in dates between the Seaspan corporate history web page and other references; in such cases, the dates stated in the most reliable reference and on the Seaspan corporate history web page are both given.
Seaspan, as we know it today, is the product of a series of acquisitions and mergers in the coastal marine transportation and shipbuilding/ship repair business. Seaspan was created in 1970 by the merger of two prominent coastal towing firms: Vancouver Tug Boat Company (formed in 1898 by Harry A Jones) and Island Tug & Barge (formed in 1924 by Harold Elworthy). In addition to being the largest tug and barge operation on the lower coast, Vancouver Tug also owned Vancouver Shipyards. In 1968 or 1969, Vancouver Tug was acquired by the construction firm Dillingham Corporation, while Island Tug & Barge was acquired by Genstar Ltd. in 1969. The following year, Genstar joined with Dillingham to merge Island Tug and Vancouver Tug into a new corporation, Seaspan International Ltd. (In 1993 the name "Island Tug and Barge" was sold to the Shields family, of Shields Navigation, and the current Island Tug and Barge is not affiliated with Seaspan.)
Another prominent branch of the family tree was C H Cates & Sons Towing, generally known as Cates Towing, which was the primary shipdocking tug outfit in the Port of Vancouver for much of the 20th Century. Captain Charles Henry Cates arrived from Machias, Maine in 1885 and built the first cargo-handling wharf on the North Vancouver waterfront. He expanded into boatbuilding and repair and his tugs towed barges of building stone and assisted ships in Burrard Inlet. In 1913 he formed C H Cates Towing, then joined with his three sons, all master mariners, to incorporate the company as CH Cates and Sons Limited in 1921.
Vancouver Shipyard was founded in 1902 at the foot of Denman Street in Vancouver's Coal Harbour. Primarily a builder of small fishing and pleasure boats, the company built two minesweepers for the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. It was acquired by Vancouver Tug in 1954. In 1968 or 1969, both Vancouver Tug and Vancouver Shipyards were acquired by Dillingham Corporation and moved to their present site at the foot of Pemberton Avenue in North Vancouver, where a larger shipyard was established. Since that time the company has constructed, outfitted, or converted 171 tugs, barges and ferries at the shipyard.
Seaspan acquired many of the assets of the former Versatile Pacific Shipyards in two separate transactions. First, Seaspan and Allied Shipbuilders formed a partnership and, with assistance from both Federal and Provincial governments, created Vancouver Drydock Company to acquire the floating drydocks and some onshore facilities in North Vancouver from the defunct firm. Seaspan later acquired Allied's interest in the company.
Meanwhile, in 1994 Vancouver Shipyards (Esquimalt) Ltd. (now Victoria Shipyards) was created at the Esquimalt Graving Dock to fill the void left when the Yarrows shipyard in Esquimalt went bankrupt. Since then, Victoria Shipyards has become prominent in refitting and repair of cruise ships and vessels of the Royal Canadian Navy, including life-extension servicing of the five Halifax class frigates based at CFB Esquimalt and the four Victoria Class submarines. It built the Orca class patrol vessel fleet for the Royal Canadian Navy, constructed over two dozen search and rescue lifeboats for the Canadian Coast Guard, and assembled and launched the newest Seabus, the Burrard Pacific Breeze.
Chronological History of Seaspan
(  except where noted)
- 1970 - Seaspan International Ltd is created.
- 1972 - Seaspan acquires F.M. Yorke & Sons Ltd.
- 1973 - Genstar purchased Dillingham's interest and obtained full ownership of Seaspan.
- 1977 - Seaspan acquires Gulf of Georgia Towing.
- 1980 - Marine Petrobulk Ltd (50% owned by Seaspan) is created to provide fuelling services to vessels in the ports of Vancouver, New Westminster, Victoria, Nanaimo, Kitimat and Prince Rupert.
- 1986 - Imasco Ltd. acquires Genstar and gains controlling interest in Seaspan, then sells Seaspan to McLuan Capital Group later that year.
- 1992 - Dennis Washington makes his first investment in British Columbia's marine industry by purchasing C. H. Cates & Sons Towing and its subsidiary Seaforth Towing. This is when Washington Marine Group was first formed.
- 1995 - Washington acquires Norsk Towing from Fletcher Challenge.
- 1996 - Washington purchases Seaspan.
- 1997 - Washington purchases Kingcome Navigation from MacMillan Bloedel. Kingcome's roots go back to 1912 when it was formed to tow logs from logging camps to the paper mill in Powell River, British Columbia.
- 1998 - Washington purchases the rail and truck ferry service of Coastal Marine Operations from the Canadian Pacific Railway; it becomes a subsidiary of Seaspan and is renamed Seaspan Coastal Intermodal.
- 1999 - Seaspan, Cates, Seaforth, Norsk and Kingcome are all amalgamated into Seaspan International. Dennis Washington sets up Washington Marine Group with separate divisions for towing, shipbuilding and ship repair, coastal intermodal, and bunkering services.
- 2010 - Vancouver Shipyards is shortlisted for the Federal Government's National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy (NSPS). The program, worth CAD$35 billion, is planned to build replacement ships for the Canadian Navy and Coast Guard over a 30 year period. Two Canadian shipyards will be selected, one to build combat vessels, the other non-combat vessels.
- 2011 - In a corporate restructuring, Washington Marine Group is renamed Seaspan Marine Corporation; the shipbuilding, coastal ferries and bunkering services become subsidiaries of the towing division.
- 2011 - As the winning bidder of the $8 billion non-combat package of a $35 billion federal shipbuilding contract on 19 October 2011, Seaspan Marine will build 7 and possibly 8 vessels for the Canadian Coast Guard and Department of National Defence. These will include scientific research vessels, fisheries vessels, polar icebreaker CCGS John G. Diefenbaker, and two or three support vessels for the Royal Canadian Navy.
- "Safe Harbour". Globe and Mail. 25 May 2012. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- "Marine corporation revives Seaspan". North Shore News. 6 February 2011.
- "Commercial Ferry - Seaspan". www.seaspan.com. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "History". Seaspan. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- Colton, Tim. "Vancouver Shipyard". Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "Burrard Inlet's North Shore" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-06-15.[dead link]
- "Cates Towing" (PDF). District of North Vancouver Socio-Historical Service Infrastructure. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- Colton, Tim. "Victoria Shipyard". Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- [dead link]
- "Seaspan Ferries Corporation". Seaspan. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
-  Retrieved 2011-06-15[dead link]
- "Jubilation as Halifax Shipyard awarded contract". CBC News. 19 October 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- "East, West coasts win shipbuilding contracts, Quebec frozen out". Vancouver Sun. 19 October 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- Seaspan Marine Corporation corporate site
- S.E. Heal, Memories of Burrard Dry Dock Company, Mariner Life, 2007.