Seat belt legislation in Canada

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Seat belt legislation in Canada is left to the provinces. All provinces in Canada have primary enforcement seat belt laws, which allow a police officer to stop and ticket a driver if s/he observes a violation. Ontario was the first province to pass a law which required vehicle occupants to wear seat belts, a law that came into effect on January 1, 1976.[1]

The laws by province[edit]

This table contains a brief summary of all seatbelt laws in Canada.[2][3] This list includes only seatbelt laws, which often do not themselves apply to children; however, all provinces and territories have separate child restraint laws. A subsequent offense may be higher.

Province/Territory Date of inception Who is covered Base fine before fees Demerit points assigned Usage[4]
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta July 1, 1987 Anyone in driver's seat or passenger seat[5] $115 0 92.0%
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia October 1, 1977 Age 16+ in all seats $167 0 96.9%
Flag of Manitoba.svg Manitoba April 1, 1984 Age 16+ in all seats $299.65 2 93.8%
Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick November 1, 1983 Age 16+ in all seats $172.50 2 94.8%
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador July 1, 1982 Age 16+ in all seats $115 2 93.1%
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories July 1, 1988 Age 15+ in all seats

Passenger <15[6]

$150

$200[7]

2 84.9%
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia January 1, 1985 Age 16+ in all seats $157.50 2 90.1%
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario January 1, 1976 Age 16+ in all seats $240 2 96.0%
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island July 1, 1987 Age 16+ in all seats $110 3 89.7%
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec August 15, 1976 Age 16+ in all seats $115–154 3 96.0%
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan July 1, 1977 Age 16+ in all seats $165 3 96.8%
Flag of Yukon.svg Yukon July 1, 1991 Age 15+ in all seats $75 4 78.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Seatbelts Saving Lives In Ontario For 35 Years". News.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  2. ^ Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators Standing Committee on Road Safety Research and Policies: Annual Monitoring Report 2010
  3. ^ "Transport Canada: Statistics and Data". Tc.gc.ca. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  4. ^ "Results of Transport Canada's Rural and Urban Surveys of Seat Belt Use in Canada 2009-2010". Tc.gc.ca. 2011-01-26. Archived from the original on 2011-11-20. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  5. ^ Vehicle Equipment Regulation, Alberta Regulation 122/2009
  6. ^ "Northwest Territories Motor Vehicles Act" (PDF). 2018-12-18. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  7. ^ "NWT Summary Conviction Procedures Regulations" (PDF). 2018-12-18. Retrieved 2019-03-29.