Seaxburh of Wessex

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Seaxburh
Queen consort of Wessex
Successornone until Cynethryth (wife of Cædwalla)
Queen regnant of Wessex
Reignc. 672 – c.674
PredecessorCenwalh
SuccessorÆscwine
Diedc. 674
SpouseCenwalh of Wessex

Seaxburh (died c. 674) was a queen of Wessex. She is also called Queen of the Gewisse, an early name for the tribe which ruled Wessex. She is said to have ruled Wessex for between one and two years after the death of her husband, Cenwalh, in 672. Her accession to the throne is documented in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for that year which states[1] that 'This year king Kenwalk died, and Sexburga his queen reigned one year after him'.[2] It was extremely rare for a woman to rule in her own right in Anglo-Saxon England, and she was the only woman to appear in a regnal list. She may have ruled for over a year, as the next reign is entered in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 674.

However, Bede said that after death of Cenwalh "sub-kings took upon themselves the government of the kingdom", so the chroniclers may have tidied up a complicated situation.[3][4] Writing decades after Cenwalh's life, when Bede lists Cenwalh's accession, he mentions Seaxburh as the unnamed second wife whom the king married after he had cast away his first wife, who was the sister of the Mercian king Penda. It has been suggested that Bede deliberately omitted mention of Seaxburh because he viewed her marriage to Cenwalh, and therefore her right to the throne, as illegitimate.[5]

Seaxburh was succeeded in about 674 by Æscwine, a descendant of Cenwalh's great-uncle Ceolwulf of Wessex.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Parker Manuscript. p. Her forþferde Cenwalh ⁊ Seaxburg an gear ricsode his cuen æfter him. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  2. ^ https://archive.org/stream/anglosaxonchroni00gile/anglosaxonchroni00gile_djvu.txt
  3. ^ Barbara Yorke, Seaxburh, Oxford Online Dictionary of National Biography, 2004
  4. ^ Ann Williams, Alfred P. Smyth and D. P. Kirby, A Biographical Dictionary of Dark Age Britain, 1991, p. 210
  5. ^ Foerster, Anne. "Female Rulership: The Case of Seaxburh, Queen of Wessex". Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  6. ^ Rulers of Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Cenwalh
as King of Wessex
Queen of Wessex
c. 672 – c. 673
Succeeded by
Æscwine
as King of Wessex