Sebastião Salgado

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Sebastião Salgado
Sebastiao Salgado 2014.jpg
Salgado in 2014
BornSebastião Salgado
(1944-02-08) February 8, 1944 (age 74)
Aimorés, Minas Gerais, Brazil
NationalityBrazilian, French[citation needed]
Known forPhotography
Spouse(s)Lélia Wanick Salgado
ChildrenJuliano Ribeiro Salgado
Rodrigo Salgado

Sebastião Ribeiro Salgado Júnior (born February 8, 1944) is a Brazilian social documentary photographer and photojournalist.[1]

He has traveled in over 120 countries for his photographic projects. Most of these have appeared in numerous press publications and books. Touring exhibitions of this work have been presented throughout the world.

Salgado is a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. He was awarded the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund Grant in 1982,[2] Foreign Honorary Membership of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992[3] and the Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal and Honorary Fellowship (HonFRPS) in 1993.[4]

Biography[edit]

Salgado was born on February 8, 1944 in Aimorés, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. After a somewhat itinerant childhood, Salgado initially trained as an economist, earning a master’s degree in economics from the University of São Paulo in Brazil. He began work as an economist for the International Coffee Organization, often traveling to Africa on missions for the World Bank, when he first started seriously taking photographs. He chose to abandon a career as an economist and switched to photography in 1973, working initially on news assignments before veering more towards documentary-type work. Salgado initially worked with the photo agency Sygma and the Paris-based Gamma, but in 1979, he joined the international cooperative of photographers Magnum Photos. He left Magnum in 1994 and with his wife Lélia Wanick Salgado formed his own agency, Amazonas Images, in Paris, to represent his work. He is particularly noted for his social documentary photography of workers in less developed nations.[5] They reside in Paris.[6]

He has been a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador since 2001.[7]

Salgado works on long term, self-assigned projects many of which have been published as books: The Other Americas, Sahel, Workers, Migrations, and Genesis. The latter three are mammoth collections with hundreds of images each from all around the world. His most famous pictures are of a gold mine in Brazil called Serra Pelada.[8]

Between 2004 and 2011, Salgado worked on "Genesis," aiming at the presentation of the unblemished faces of nature and humanity. It consists of a series of photographs of landscapes and wildlife, as well as of human communities that continue to live in accordance with their ancestral traditions and cultures. This body of work is conceived as a potential path to humanity’s rediscovery of itself in nature.[9]

In September and October 2007, Salgado displayed his photographs of coffee workers from India, Guatemala, Ethiopia and Brazil at the Brazilian Embassy in London. The aim of the project was to raise public awareness of the origins of the popular drink.[10]

Together, Lélia and Sebastião, have worked since the 1990s on the restoration of a small part of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil. In 1998, they succeeded in turning this land into a nature reserve and created the Instituto Terra. The institute is dedicated to a mission of reforestation, conservation and environmental education.[11]

Salgado and his work are the focus of the film The Salt of the Earth (2014), directed by Wim Wenders and Salgado's son, Juliano Ribeiro Salgado. The film won a special award at Cannes Film Festival[12] and was nominated for the best Documentary Feature at the 2015 Academy Awards.[13]

Awards[edit]

Publications[edit]

Salgado (left) gives former Brazilian president Lula da Silva his new book in 2006.
  • An Uncertain Grace. Essays by Eduardo Galeano and Fred Ritchin.
    • Salgado, Sebastião; Galeano, Eduardo; Ritchin, Fred; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (1990). An uncertain grace. New York, N.Y: Aperture Foundation. ISBN 9780893814601. OCLC 22701623.
    • Salgado, Sebastião; Galeano, Eduardo; Ritchin, Fred (2004). Sebastião Salgado: An uncertain grace. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500284896. OCLC 56457689.
  • Workers: Archaeology of the Industrial Age.
  • Salgado, Sebastião; Buarque de Holanda, Francisco; Saramago, José; Landers, Clifford (1997). Terra : struggle of the landless. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 0714836362. OCLC 610974180.
  • Salgado, Sebastião (2000). Migrations : humanity in transition. New York: Aperture. ISBN 9780893818913. OCLC 914864396.
  • The Children: Refugees and Migrants. New York, NY: Aperture, 2000. ISBN 978-0893818944.
  • Sahel: The End of the Road. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0520241701.
  • Africa. Cologne: Taschen, 2007. ISBN 978-3836523431.
  • Genesis. Cologne: Taschen, 2013. ISBN 978-3836538725.
  • From my Land to the Planet. Roma: Contrasto, 2014. ISBN 978-88-6965-537-1.
  • The Scent of a Dream: Travels in the World of Coffee. New York: Abrams, 2015. ISBN 978-1-4197-1921-9.

Filmography[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

Salgado's Genesis exhibition in 2014

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hudson, Berkley (2009). Sterling, Christopher H., ed. Encyclopedia of Journalism. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. pp. 1060–67. ISBN 978-0-7619-2957-4.
  2. ^ a b "1982: Recipients: Sebastião Salgado". W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Mr. Sebastiao Ribeiro Salgado", American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Accessed 13 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Award Accessed 13 August 2012
  5. ^ "Biography: Sebastião Salgado". The Guardian. 2004-09-11. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  6. ^ "Sebastiao Salgado - biography". www.unicef.org. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  7. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". UNICEF. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  8. ^ "Sebastião Salgado | The Art of Photography". The Art of Photography. 2015-05-14. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  9. ^ "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis". International Center of Photography. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  10. ^ "Sebastião Salgado – Genesis | Graphicine". www.graphicine.com. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  11. ^ Youchange. "Instituto Terra - Youchange". Youchange (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  12. ^ "https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3674140/ The Salt of the Earth (2014) ]", IMDB. Accessed 11 may 2015.
  13. ^ "https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3674140/awards?ref_=tt_awd/" Accessed 6 may 2016.
  14. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". Oskar Barnack Award. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". Hasselblad Foundation. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". Leica Oskar Barnack Award. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  17. ^ Tecnologías, Developed with webControl CMS by Intermark. "Sebastião Salgado - Laureates - Princess of Asturias Awards - The Princess of Asturias Foundation". The Princess of Asturias Foundation. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  18. ^ SL, EuroWeb Media, (2017-01-09). "Sebastião Salgado, Premio de las Artes 1998 | Turismo Asturias". Turismo Asturias (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  19. ^ "Photographic Society of Japan Awards". Photographic Society of Japan. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  20. ^ Publicista, El. "La décima edición de PHotoEspaña finaliza con 600.000 visitantes". www.elpublicista.es. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  21. ^ "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis", Royal Ontario Museum. Accessed 17 August 2014.
  22. ^ Coomes, Phil (10 April 2013). "Sebastiao Salgado's Genesis". BBC News. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  23. ^ "Sebastião Salgado, Genesis", Paris Photo. Accessed 13 August 2014.
  24. ^ "Genesis", National Museum of Singapore. Accessed 17 August 2014.
  25. ^ http://www.icp.org/museum/exhibitions/sebastiao-salgado-genesis
  26. ^ "Sebastião Salgado. Génesis. CaixaForum Barcelona". prensa.lacaixa.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  27. ^ "Genesis Photography Exhibition – Sebastião Salgado". Site of Special Things - Travel, Arts & Entertainment. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  28. ^ "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis". Tourist website of Prague. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  29. ^ "Sebastião Salgado | Genesis | Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam". Nederlands Fotomuseum. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
  30. ^ "Genesis Photography Exhibition – Sebastião Salgado". Site of Special Things - Travel, Arts & Entertainment. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2017-10-01.

External links[edit]