Sebastian (name)

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Sebastian
Sodoma 003.jpg
Saint Sebastian is largely responsible for use of this name.
Pronunciation /səˈbæsən/
Spanish: [seβaˈstjan]
Romanian: [sebastiˈan]
Gender Male
Origin
Word/name Latin and Greek
Meaning "from Sebastia", "Augustus"
Other names
Related names Sébastien, Sebastião, Bastian, Bastien, Bas, Augustus

Sebastian is a given name. It comes from the Latin name Sebastianus meaning "from Sebastia", the ancient name of the city of Sivas, in modern Turkey.[1][2] The name of the city is derived from the Greek word σεβαστός (sebastos), "venerable",[3] which comes from σέβας (sebas), "awe, reverence, dread",[4] in turn from the verb σέβομαι (sebomai), "feel awe, scruple, be ashamed".[5] Sebastos was the Greek translation of the title Augustus, which was used for Roman emperors. Sebastian became a widely used name because it was the name of Saint Sebastian, a third-century Christian martyr.

Saint Sebastian Moses in Ilpendam North-Holland.

The name has been increasing in popularity in different countries. In the United States, it was the 98th most popular name for boys born in 2008. It was the 86th most popular name for boys born in England and Wales in 2007, the 38th most popular name for boys born in Sweden in 2007, the 13th most popular name for boys born in Norway in 2007, the fifth most popular name for boys born in Chile in 2006, and was the 59th most popular name for boys born in New South Wales, Australia in 2007.[6]

Masculine variants[edit]

Saint Sebastian in Bamberg.
  • Bas, Bastiaan, Sebas, Sebastiaan (Dutch), (Low Saxon)
  • Baschi (Swiss)
  • Basse, Sebba, Sebbe (Swedish)
  • Basti, Bastian, Sebastian, Seb, Sebb, Seby, Sebby, Sebbie (English)
  • Basti, Bastian, Sebastian (German)
  • Bastián, Sebastián (Galician)
  • Bastiano, Sebastiano, Sab (Italian)
  • Bastjan (Maltese)
  • Boštjan, Sebastijan (Slovene)
  • Sebas, Sebastián (Spanish)
  • Sebastià (Catalan)
  • Sebastian (Romanian)
  • Sebastian, Seba (Polish)
  • Sebastião (Portuguese)
  • Sébastien, Bastien (French)
  • Sebastián (Slovak)
  • Sebaščan (Prekmurje dialect of Slovene)
  • Sebastijan (Croatian)
  • Sebestyén, Sebes, Sebő, Szebasztián (Hungarian)
  • Σεβαστός (Sevastos), Σεβαστιανός (Sevastianos), Σεβαστίνος (Sevastinos) (Greek)
  • Севастьян (Sevast′jan) (Russian)
  • Себастијан (Sebastijan) (Serbian)
  • Севастијан (Sevastijan) (Macedonian)
  • セバスチャン (Sebasuchan) (Japanese)
  • செவத்தியான், செபஸ்டீன், செபசுதீன் (Sevaththiyan,Sebastin, Sebasudin, Tamil)
  • ദേവസി, സെബസ്ത്യാനോസ് ("Sibu", "Devassy","Sebastianos", Devassy is sometimes translated to English as Davis, which is a common English Surname of a different meaning, Malayalam)
  • Sebastiyan (Turkish)

Feminine variants[edit]

People[edit]

Given name[edit]

Surname[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Julia Cresswell (5 November 2007). Naming Your Baby: The Definitive Dictionary of First Names. A&C Black. p. 209. ISBN 978-0-7136-8313-4. 
  2. ^ Davis, J. Madison (1995). The Shakespeare Name and Place Dictionary. Routledge. p. 444. ISBN 978-1-884964-17-6. 
  3. ^ σεβαστός, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  4. ^ σέβας, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  5. ^ σέβομαι, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  6. ^ Behind the Name