Sebastian County, Arkansas

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Sebastian County
The Sebastian County Courthouse in Ft. Smith
Map of Arkansas highlighting Sebastian County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°35′39″N 94°15′29″W / 35.594166666667°N 94.258055555556°W / 35.594166666667; -94.258055555556
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedJanuary 6, 1851
Named forWilliam K. Sebastian
SeatFort Smith (northern district);
Greenwood (southern district)
Largest cityFort Smith
Area
 • Total546 sq mi (1,410 km2)
 • Land532 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  2.6%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total125,744
 • Estimate 
(2019)
127,827
 • Density230/sq mi (89/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts3rd, 4th
Websitewww.sebastiancountyar.gov

Sebastian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 125,744,[1] making it the fourth-most populous county in Arkansas. The county has two county seats, Greenwood and Fort Smith.[2]

Sebastian County is part of the Fort Smith, AR-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Sebastian County is Arkansas's 56th county, formed on January 6, 1851, and named for William K. Sebastian, United States Senator from Arkansas.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.6%) is water.[4] It is the second-smallest county by area in Arkansas.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18609,238
187012,94040.1%
188019,56051.2%
189033,20069.7%
190036,93511.3%
191052,27841.5%
192056,7398.5%
193054,426−4.1%
194062,80915.4%
195064,2022.2%
196066,6853.9%
197079,23718.8%
198095,17220.1%
199099,5904.6%
2000115,07115.5%
2010125,7449.3%
2019 (est.)127,827[5]1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Sebastian County[10]

2020 census[edit]

Sebastian County racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 82,785 64.78%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 7,891 6.17%
Native American 2,379 1.86%
Asian 5,700 4.46%
Pacific Islander 91 0.07%
Other/Mixed 9,625 7.53%
Hispanic or Latino 19,328 15.12%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 127,799 people, 51,384 households, and 32,517 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 115,071 people, 45,300 households, and 30,713 families residing in the county. The population density was 215 inhabitants per square mile (83/km2). There were 49,311 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile (36/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.34% White, 6.16% Black or African American, 1.57% Native American, 3.51% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.71% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. 6.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of American, 12.6% German, 11.0% Irish and 9.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 5.49% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.47% speak Vietnamese and 0.97% Lao.[13]

In 2000 there were 45,300 households, out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,889, and the median income for a family was $41,303. Males had a median income of $30,056 versus $22,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,424. About 10.40% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 census the population of Sebastian County was 125,744. The racial makeup of the county was 72.83% Non-Hispanic white, 6.24% Non-Hispanic black, 1.88% Native American, 4.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.07% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 2.78% Non-Hispanics reporting two or more races and 12.82% Hispanics.


Government[edit]

Politics

Whereas most of Arkansas was overwhelmingly blue up to the mid-2000s, Sebastian has been a solidly Republican county at the presidential level since Dwight Eisenhower won it in 1952. Since that election, no Democrat has ever again carried this county, though native son Bill Clinton came within less than 1,000 votes of doing so during both of his campaigns. However, Democrats continued to split most local offices and state legislative seats with Republicans well into the 2020s.

United States presidential election results for Sebastian County, Arkansas[14][15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 31,198 66.18% 14,487 30.73% 1,455 3.09%
2016 29,127 65.25% 12,300 27.56% 3,210 7.19%
2012 29,169 67.27% 13,092 30.19% 1,101 2.54%
2008 28,637 66.27% 13,673 31.64% 902 2.09%
2004 27,303 61.76% 16,479 37.27% 429 0.97%
2000 23,483 58.48% 15,555 38.73% 1,121 2.79%
1996 16,482 46.63% 15,514 43.89% 3,350 9.48%
1992 16,817 42.40% 16,570 41.78% 6,272 15.81%
1988 24,426 70.94% 9,684 28.13% 322 0.94%
1984 27,595 74.95% 8,688 23.60% 534 1.45%
1980 23,403 63.46% 10,141 27.50% 3,335 9.04%
1976 17,671 52.79% 15,768 47.11% 34 0.10%
1972 25,219 81.23% 5,770 18.58% 58 0.19%
1968 12,073 44.65% 6,320 23.37% 8,649 31.98%
1964 13,110 55.80% 10,299 43.84% 84 0.36%
1960 11,744 56.75% 8,726 42.16% 226 1.09%
1956 10,234 57.36% 7,489 41.98% 118 0.66%
1952 10,114 56.36% 7,802 43.48% 28 0.16%
1948 2,928 33.09% 5,075 57.36% 845 9.55%
1944 3,452 36.46% 6,008 63.46% 7 0.07%
1940 1,968 27.16% 5,249 72.44% 29 0.40%
1936 1,161 20.30% 4,539 79.35% 20 0.35%
1932 1,268 20.26% 4,937 78.87% 55 0.88%
1928 3,465 51.84% 3,186 47.67% 33 0.49%
1924 1,985 33.13% 3,148 52.54% 859 14.34%
1920 3,492 46.03% 3,852 50.78% 242 3.19%
1916 1,366 26.86% 3,719 73.14% 0 0.00%
1912 514 12.53% 2,396 58.40% 1,193 29.08%
1908 2,050 35.73% 3,035 52.90% 652 11.36%
1904 1,254 38.16% 1,645 50.06% 387 11.78%
1900 964 31.21% 2,094 67.79% 31 1.00%
1896 1,009 27.57% 2,622 71.64% 29 0.79%
1892 1,558 34.71% 2,692 59.97% 239 5.32%


Education[edit]

Public education is provided by several school districts (listed below from largest to smallest):

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Sebastian County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [16][17]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Profile for Sebastian County, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  5. ^ "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2018". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. July 17, 2007. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  15. ^ "Géographie électorale / Electoral geography". Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  16. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Sebastian County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  17. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  18. ^ "Arkansas Governor John Sebastian Little". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  19. ^ "Mathew W. Pitsch". arkansashouse.org. Archived from the original on April 14, 2015. Retrieved April 10, 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°35′39″N 94°15′29″W / 35.59417°N 94.25806°W / 35.59417; -94.25806