Sebastian Thrun

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Sebastian Thrun
Sebastian Thrun World Economic Forum 2013.jpg
Sebastian Thrun at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in 2013
Born (1967-05-14) May 14, 1967 (age 47)
Solingen, West Germany
Residence U.S.
Nationality German
Fields Driverless cars, robotics[1] and Artificial Intelligence[2][3]
Institutions Google X Lab (founder)
Stanford University
Carnegie Mellon University
Udacity (co-founder)
Alma mater University of Bonn
University of Hildesheim
Thesis Explanation-Based Neural Network Learning: A Lifelong Learning Approach (1995)
Doctoral advisor Armin Cremers
Tom Mitchell
Signature

Sebastian Thrun (born May 14, 1967) is an educator, programmer, robotics developer and computer scientist from Germany. He is CEO and cofounder of Udacity, an institution he cofounded with David Stavens and Mike Sokolsky. He is a Google VP and Fellow, and a part-time Research Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University.

Thrun led development of the robotic vehicle Stanley[4] which won the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge, and which has since been placed on exhibit in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History. His team also developed a vehicle called Junior,[5] which placed second at the DARPA Urban Challenge in 2007. Thrun led the development of the Google self-driving car.[6]

Thrun is also known for his work on probabilistic programming techniques in robotics, with applications including robotic mapping.[7] In recognition of his contributions, and at age 39, Thrun was elected into the National Academy of Engineering and also into the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina in 2007. In 2011, Thrun received the Max-Planck-Research Award.[8] and the inaugural AAAI Ed Feigenbaum Prize. Fast Company selected Thrun as the fifth most creative person in business in the world.[9] The Guardian recognized Thrun as one of 20 "fighters for internet freedom".[10]

Biography[edit]

Thrun was born in 1967 in Solingen, Germany (then West Germany), the son of Winfried and Kristin (Grüner) Thrun. He completed his Vordiplom (intermediate examination) in computer science, economics, and medicine at the University of Hildesheim in 1988. At the University of Bonn, he completed a Diplom (first degree) in 1993 and a PhD (summa cum laude) in 1995 in computer science and statistics. He married Petra Dierkes on July 1, 1995.[11]

Career[edit]

In 1995 he joined the Computer Science Department at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) as a research computer scientist. In 1998 he became an assistant professor and co-director of the Robot Learning Laboratory at CMU. As a faculty member at CMU, he co-founded the Master's Program in Automated Learning and Discovery, which later would become a Ph.D. program in the broad area of Machine Learning and Scientific Discovery. In 2001 Thrun spent a sabbatical year at Stanford University. He returned to CMU to an endowed professorship, the Finmeccanica Associate Professor of Computer Science and Robotics. Thrun left CMU in July 2003 to become an associate professor at Stanford University and was appointed as the director of SAIL in January 2004. From 2007-2011, Thrun was a full professor of computer science and electrical engineering at Stanford. He is also a Google VP and Fellow, and has worked on development of the Google driverless car system.[12] On April 1, 2011, Thrun relinquished his tenure at Stanford to join Google as a Google Fellow. On January 23, 2012, Thrun cofounded an online private educational organization, Udacity.[13] He is a member of the Board of Directors of Credit Suisse.[14]

Research[edit]

Thrun developed a number of autonomous robotic systems that earned him international recognition. In 1994, he started the University of Bonn's Rhino project together with his doctoral thesis advisor Armin B. Cremers. In 1997 Thrun and his colleagues Wolfram Burgard and Dieter Fox developed the world's first robotic tourguide in the Deutsches Museum Bonn (1997). In 1998, the follow-up robot "Minerva" was installed in the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History in Washington, DC, where it guided tens of thousands of visitors during a two-week deployment period. Thrun went on to found the CMU/Pitt Nursebot project, which fielded an interactive humanoid robot in a nursing home near Pittsburgh, PA. In 2002, Thrun helped develop mine mapping robots in a project with his colleagues William L. Whittaker and Scott Thayer, two research professors at Carnegie Mellon University. After his move to Stanford University in 2003, he engaged in the development of the robot Stanley, which in 2005 won the DARPA Grand Challenge. His former graduate student Michael Montemerlo, who was co-advised by William L. Whittaker, led the software development for this robot. In 2007, Thrun's robot "Junior" won second place in the 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge.[15] Thrun joined Google as part of a sabbatical, together with several Stanford students. At Google, Thrun co-developed Google Street View.

Thrun's best known contributions to robotics are on the theoretical end. Thrun contributed to the area of probabilistic robotics, a field that marries statistics and robotics. Thrun and his research group made substantial contributions in areas of mobile robot localization, mapping (SLAM), and control. Probabilistic techniques have since become mainstream in robotics, and are used in numerous commercial applications. In the Fall of 2005, Thrun published a textbook entitled Probabilistic Robotics together with his long-term co-workers Dieter Fox and Wolfram Burgard.[16] Since 2007, a Japanese translation of Probabilistic Robotics has been available on the Japanese market.

Thrun is one of the principal investors of the Stanford spin-off VectorMagic.[17]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thrun, S. (2002). "Probabilistic robotics". Communications of the ACM 45 (3). doi:10.1145/504729.504754.  edit
  2. ^ Nigam, K.; McCallum, A. K.; Thrun, S.; Mitchell, T. (2000). Machine Learning 39 (2/3): 103. doi:10.1023/A:1007692713085.  edit
  3. ^ "Sebastian Thrun - Google Scholar Citations". Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  4. ^ Thrun, S.; Montemerlo, M.; Dahlkamp, H.; Stavens, D.; Aron, A.; Diebel, J.; Fong, P.; Gale, J.; Halpenny, M.; Hoffmann, G.; Lau, K.; Oakley, C.; Palatucci, M.; Pratt, V.; Stang, P.; Strohband, S.; Dupont, C.; Jendrossek, L. E.; Koelen, C.; Markey, C.; Rummel, C.; Niekerk, J.; Jensen, E.; Alessandrini, P.; Bradski, G.; Davies, B.; Ettinger, S.; Kaehler, A.; Nefian, A.; Mahoney, P. (2007). "Stanley: The Robot That Won the DARPA Grand Challenge". The 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics 36. p. 1. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-73429-1_1. ISBN 978-3-540-73428-4.  edit
  5. ^ Montemerlo, M.; Becker, J.; Bhat, S.; Dahlkamp, H.; Dolgov, D.; Ettinger, S.; Haehnel, D.; Hilden, T.; Hoffmann, G.; Huhnke, B.; Johnston, D.; Klumpp, S.; Langer, D.; Levandowski, A.; Levinson, J.; Marcil, J.; Orenstein, D.; Paefgen, J.; Penny, I.; Petrovskaya, A.; Pflueger, M.; Stanek, G.; Stavens, D.; Vogt, A.; Thrun, S. (2009). "Junior: The Stanford Entry in the Urban Challenge". The DARPA Urban Challenge. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics 56. p. 91. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-03991-1_3. ISBN 978-3-642-03990-4.  edit
  6. ^ Markoff, John (October 9, 2010). "Google Cars Drive Themselves, in Traffic". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ Robotic mapping: a survey by Sebastian Thrun in Nebel, Bernhard; Lakemeyer, Gerhard (2002). Exploring Artificial Intelligence in the New Millennium (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Artificial Intelligence). San Diego: Morgan Kaufmann. ISBN 1-55860-811-7. 
  8. ^ "About us | News | Awards | Max Planck Research Award 2011". Mpg.de. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  9. ^ Photograph by Steve Jurvetson (2011-05-18). "Sebastian Thrun | Fast Company 2011". Fast Company. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  10. ^ Ball, James (20 April 2012). "The Guardian's Open 20: fighters for internet freedom". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Marquis biographies online: Profile detail, Sebastian Burkhard Thrun". Marquis Who's Who. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  12. ^ Thrun, Sebastian "What we're driving at", The Official Google Blog, October 9, 2010. Accessed October 11, 2010.
  13. ^ Salmon, Felix. "Udacity and the Future of Online Universities". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  14. ^ "Board of Directors of Credit Suisse Group AG". Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "DARPA Urban Challenge". Darpa.mil. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  16. ^ Thrun, S.; Burgard, W.; Fox, D. Probabilistic Robotics. 2005. ISBN 0-262-20162-3. MIT Press. 
  17. ^ "About". Vector Magic. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  18. ^ "4 - Sebastian Thrun". The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers. The Foreign Policy Group, LLC. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 

External links[edit]