Sebiumeker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sebiumeker
Sebiumeker God in the Carlsberg Museum.jpg
Sebiumeker statue in the Carlsberg Glyptotek museum 1st Century BCE
Major cult centerMeroe, Kush
Personal information
SiblingsArensnuphis ?

Sebiumeker was a major supreme god of procreation and fertility in Meroe, Kush present day Sudan. He is sometimes thought as a gateway guardian as his statues are sometimes found near doorways. He has many similarities to Atum but has Numidian features.

Role in ancient Kush[edit]

Sebiumeker was a major supreme god of procreation and fertility in Meroe, Kush present day Sudan.[1][2]

He was referred to as Lord of Musawwarat. His statues has often been found near doorways in the Nubian site Tabo (Nubia) and Musawwarat es-Sufra[3], giving rise to the interpretation that he was a guardian god.[1]. But another interpretation is that he represented transformation which is why he was placed at the doorways of temples.[1]

Though certainly a Nubian god he has many Egyptian symbols and legends.[4]

Family[edit]

His partner (or maybe brother) was Arensnuphis.[4] This close association with Arensnuphis is similar to the relationship with Seth and Osiris.[4]

Etymology[edit]

His Meroitic name was probably Sabomakal, which became Sebiumeker in ancient Egyptian language.[5]

Image[edit]

He wore the ancient double crown with a bead and uraeus and had big ears, a mark of importance. Sebiumeker was a creator god. With his double crown, false beard, kilt and tunic[4] he resembles Atum[1][6]. He is often associated with Atum.[7]

An uninscribed sandstone headstands in Meroe. It also has the double crown with uraeus. It has several Egyptian looking features but also has the formal broad Nubian unmodeled planes.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

His worship is invoked in the Gifts of the Nile scenario in the video game Civilization VI.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mark, Joshua J. "Egyptian Gods - The Complete List". Ancient History Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2019-03-27. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  2. ^ Fisher, Marjorie M.; Lacovara, Peter; Ikram, Salima; d'Auria, Sue (2012). Ancient Nubia: African Kingdoms on the Nile. p. 134. ISBN 978-977-416-478-1.
  3. ^ Török, László (2002). The Image of the Ordered World in Ancient Nubian Art: The Construction of the Kushite Mind, 800 Bc-300 Ad. p. 302. ISBN 978-9004123069.
  4. ^ a b c d Richard A Lobban JR (2003-12-09). Historical Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval Nubia. pp. 343–344. ISBN 9780810865785.
  5. ^ Scholz, Piotr O. (2006). Nubien: Geheimnisvolles Goldland der Ägypter. p. 153. ISBN 978-3-8062-1885-5.
  6. ^ Wildung, Dietrich; Kuckertz, Josephine (1996). Sudan: Antike Königreiche am Nil ; Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, München, 2. Oktober 1996 - 6. Januar 1997 ... Reiss-Museum, Mannheim, 14. Juni - 20. September 1998 ; [eine Ausstellung des Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris und der Kunsthalle der Hypo-Stiftung, München]. p. 267. ISBN 978-3-8030-3084-9.
  7. ^ "Rival to Egypt, the Nubian kingdom of Kush exuded power and gold". National Geographic. November 15, 2016. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  8. ^ Bianchi, Robert Steven (2004). Daily Life of the Nubians. p. 237. ISBN 9780313325014.