sec-Butyl acetate

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sec-Butyl acetate
Sec-butyl acetate
Ball-and-stick model of the sec-butyl acetate molecule
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Butan-2-yl acetate
Other names
2-Butyl acetate
sec-Butyl acetate (no longer recommended[1])
sec-Butyl ester;
s-Butyl acetate;
sec-Butyl ester of acetic acid
1-Methylpropyl acetate
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.001
UNII
Properties
C6H12O2
Molar mass 116.16 g/mol
Appearance clear, liquid
Odor fruity[2]
Density 0.87 g/cm3, liquid
Melting point −99 °C (−146 °F; 174 K)
Boiling point 112 °C (234 °F; 385 K)
0.80 g/100 mL
Vapor pressure 10 mmHg[2]
Hazards
Main hazards Flammable
Safety data sheet External MSDS
Flash point 17 °C; 62 °F; 290 K[2]
Explosive limits 1.7%-9.8%[2]
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 200 ppm (950 mg/m3)[2]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 200 ppm (950 mg/m3)[2]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
1700 ppm[2]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

sec-Butyl acetate, or s-butyl acetate, is a solvent commonly used as a solvent in lacquers and enamels, where it is used in the production of acyclic polymers, vinyl resins, and nitrocellulose.[3] It is a clear flammable liquid with a sweet smell.[4]

sec-Butyl acetate has three isomers that are also acetate esters: n-butyl acetate, isobutyl acetate, and tert-butyl acetate.

History[edit]

The first method of production of sec-butyl acetate was the esterification of sec-butanol and acetic anhydride[5] It was experimentally determined and published in 1946 by Rolf Altschul.[6]

Toxicology[edit]

The LD50 for rats is 13 g/kg.[7] Exposure in humans to significant quantities of sec-butyl acetate can cause irritation to the eyes, mouth, throat, nose, and skin.[8] Ingestion and inhalation of sec-butyl acetate can cause central nervous system depression producing symptoms of dizziness and disorientation.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry : IUPAC Recommendations and Preferred Names 2013 (Blue Book). Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry. 2014. p. 370. doi:10.1039/9781849733069-FP001. ISBN 978-0-85404-182-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0073". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  3. ^ "Acetic acid", Ullman's encyclopedia of industrial chemistry (2003, 6th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 170–171). Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH.
  4. ^ Howard, H. H. (1993). sec-Butyl acetate. In Handbook of environmental fate and exposure data for organic chemists (Vol. 5, pp. 60-65). Chelsea, MI: Lewis.
  5. ^ Altschul, R. (1946). "The Reversible Esterification of Carboxylic Acids with Isobutene and Trimethylethylene. Quantitative Studies and Synthetic Applications", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 68(12), 2605-2609.
  6. ^ O'Neil, M. J. (Ed.) (2001). sec-Butyl Acetate. In The Merck index: An encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals (13th ed., pg. 1539). Whitehouse Stations, NJ: Merck.
  7. ^ Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety. (1996). 2-Butyl acetate. Retrieved February 20, 2009, from CHEMINFO database.
  8. ^ a b International Programme on Chemical Safety. (2003). sec-Butyl acetate. Retrieved February 20, 2009, from INCHEM database.

External links[edit]