sec-Butylbenzene

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sec-Butylbenzene
Sec-Butylbenzene.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
(Butan-2-yl)benzene
Other names
  • sec-butylbenzene
  • s-butylbenzene
  • 1-methylpropylbenzene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
1903902
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.004.752 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 205-227-0
261109
KEGG
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C10H14/c1-3-9(2)10-7-5-4-6-8-10/h4-9H,3H2,1-2H3
    Key: ZJMWRROPUADPEA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CCC(C)C1=CC=CC=C1
Properties
C10H14
Molar mass 134.22
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.863 g/cm3
Melting point −75.5 °C (−103.9 °F; 197.7 K)
Boiling point 174 °C (345 °F; 447 K)
insoluble
Solubility in organic solvents miscible
Hazards
Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):
Main hazards
Flammable
GHS labelling:
GHS02: FlammableGHS07: Exclamation markGHS08: Health hazardGHS09: Environmental hazard
Danger
H226, H304, H315, H319, H411
P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P264, P273, P280, P301+P310, P302+P352, P303+P361+P353, P305+P351+P338, P321, P331, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P370+P378, P391, P403+P235, P405, P501
Flash point 52.0 °C (125.6 °F; 325.1 K)
418 °C (784 °F; 691 K)
Related compounds
Related compounds
iso-Butylbenzene, n-Butylbenzene, tert-Butylbenzene
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

sec-Butylbenzene is an organic compound classified as an aromatic hydrocarbon. Its structure consists of a benzene ring substituted with a sec-butyl group. It is a flammable colorless liquid which is nearly insoluble in water but miscible with organic solvents.[1]

Production[edit]

sec-Butylbenzene can be produced by the reaction of benzene with either n-butyl alcohol or sec-butyl alcohol in presence of anhydrous aluminium chloride and hydrochloric acid.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "sec-butylbenzene - Substance Information - ECHA". echa.europa.eu. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  2. ^ Buess, C. M.; Karabinos, S. V.; Kunz, P. V.; Gibbons, L. C. (1946), The synthesis and purification of aromatic hydrocarbons III : isobutylbenzene, sec-butylebenzene and tert-butylbenzene, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Technical Note No. 1021