Second Army (Italy)

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2^ Armata
2nd Army
Active 1941-1945
Country Italy Kingdom of Italy
Branch  Royal Italian Army
Type Infantry
Role Field army
Size Army
Engagements World War I
World War II

The 2nd Army (Italian: 2^ Armata) was a World War I and World War II field army.

World War I[edit]

Commanders[edit]

World War II[edit]

During World War II the 2nd Army was the Italian (Complex Major) Great Unit charged, from 1940 to 1943, of the activities of control and garrison of the occupied or annexed territories of the former Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

2nd Army ORBAT, depending units:

  • "Comando Superiore Forze Armate (FF.AA.) di Slovenia e Dalmazia" - "Supersloda"
  • V Corps, in Lika
  • VI Corps, in Herzegovina
  • XI Corps, in Southern Dalmatia and Herzegovina
  • XVIII Corps, from 18 February 1942; General Quirino Armellini then Umberto Spigo around Zara and Spalato responsible for the territories from Graciaz to the Narenta river
  • Comando Truppe Montenegro: XIV Corps, in Montenegro (a functionally dependent Command and Great Unit but not a constituent part of the 2nd Army)

Initially strong of 250,000 men in 15 divisions the 4 immediately dependent Corps were then reduced to 230,000 men in 13 divisions. The 2nd Army was a second line force with most of the men in their late 30s and early 40s, the only really largely combat ready and effective (Simple Major) Great Unit was the assigned component of the Alpine Division Julia only partially deployed in the yugoslav theatre of operations as a whole unit. After the armistice of September 8, 1943 and the announcement by Italy of war on Germany by the majority of the 2nd Italian army is withdrawn into the mountains of Dalmatia at the Yugoslav Partisans of Josip Broz Tito which formed the Italian partisan division Garibaldi and other parts of the 2nd Army non entry in Garibaldi also keep fighting against the Germans along with the Yugoslav partisans , during 1944-1945 Italian troops and help the Soviet army and Bulgarian army fighting against the German army in Croatia, Hungary and Austria.

Commanders[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]