Second Avenue (IND Sixth Avenue Line)

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 Second Avenue
 "F" train
New York City Subway station
2 Avenue vc.jpg
Station platform
Station statistics
Address East Houston Street & Second Avenue
New York, NY 10002
Borough Manhattan
Locale East Village, Lower East Side
Coordinates 40°43′25″N 73°59′28″W / 40.723616°N 73.991117°W / 40.723616; -73.991117Coordinates: 40°43′25″N 73°59′28″W / 40.723616°N 73.991117°W / 40.723616; -73.991117
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Sixth Avenue Line
Services       F all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M15, M15 SBS, M21
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4 (2 in regular service)
Other information
Opened January 1, 1936; 82 years ago (January 1, 1936)
Station code 232[1]
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names Lower East Side–Second Avenue
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 5,372,036[3]Decrease 6.9%
Rank 85 out of 425
Station succession
Next west Broadway–Lafayette Street: F all times
Next east Delancey Street: F all times

Second Avenue is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Second Avenue and Houston Street on the border between the East Village and the Lower East Side, in Manhattan. It is served by the F train at all times.

History[edit]

Track layout

The station opened on January 1, 1936, as part of the portion of the Sixth Avenue Line between West Fourth Street–Washington Square and East Broadway. Upon opening, E trains, which ran from Jackson Heights, Queens to Hudson Terminal, were shifted to the new line to East Broadway.[4] Two express tracks were built from West Fourth Street, under Houston Street, until Essex Street-Avenue A, with the express tracks effectively terminating at the Second Avenue station since there were no stops east of there. The tracks were intended to travel under the East River and connect with the never-built IND Worth Street Line in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.[5][6][7][8]

From December 2001 to June 2010, this station was known on transit maps and announced on digital announcements as Lower East Side–Second Avenue, when it served as the southern terminal for V trains, which arrived and departed on either center track. After the V's elimination, those tracks have not been not used in revenue service, although a limited number of rush-hour M trains from Queens terminated here between July 2017 and April 2018.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
P
Platforms
Northbound local "F" train toward Jamaica–179th Street (Broadway–Lafayette Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Termination track No regular service
Termination track No regular service
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound local "F" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Delancey Street)
The subway’s holiday train at the station.

Second Avenue has two island platforms and four tracks. F trains run on the outer tracks, while the inner tracks are not used in regular service. When the station opened, all four Sixth Avenue tracks ran continuously from West Fourth Street through Second Avenue. During the construction of the Chrystie Street Connection in the 1950s and 1960s, the center express tracks at Broadway–Lafayette Street were severed from the tracks at Second Avenue and rerouted to the Chrystie Street subway, running through Grand Street station to the north side of the Manhattan Bridge.

West (railroad north) of the station, the inner tracks are connected by a diamond crossover before merging with the outer local tracks; this allows the station to be used as a terminal for southbound trains. East (railroad south) of the station, the local tracks continue along Houston Street before curving south into Essex Street and continuing through Delancey Street station.[9]

The wall tiling is purple with dark purple border and lacks name tablets; the columns are concrete, and there are especially large columns with built-in benches at the centers of the platforms. Despite the station's name, the exit and mezzanine at Second Avenue is only open part-time. The full-time booth is located at the First Avenue mezzanine.

Exits[edit]

All entrances/exits are single-wide street stairs serving both platforms via the mezzanine.

  • NW corner of Houston Street and Second Avenue[10]
  • SW corner of Houston Street and Chrystie Street[10]
  • NW corner of Houston Street and First Avenue[10]
  • SW corner of Houston Street and Allen Street[10]

Provisions for other lines[edit]

View across the platforms at Second Avenue

First Avenue Subway mezzanine[edit]

There is another, unfinished mezzanine on the east side of First Avenue. This second mezzanine is accessible only through now-blocked passages past the east end of the platforms.[11] This mezzanine was built to address a subway down First Avenue, if one were to be built.

Express tracks[edit]

East of the station, the center tracks continue disused along Houston, but rise to an upper level and stub-end near Avenue A at bumper blocks. Near the end, these tail tracks begin to separate to create a provision for a center track which only extends about 10 or 15 feet and stops at the bulkhead at the end of the tunnel. It was planned that these tracks would continue under the East River to the South Fourth Street Line, part of a never-built system expansion.[12] These tracks east of the station were previously used for train storage but became an oft-frequented spot for the homeless due to its location near local missions and soup kitchens.[12][13] The area was cleared out in 1990, and corrugated metal walls with bumper blocks were installed just past the east end of the platforms to seal the tunnels.[14]

Second Avenue Subway service[edit]

As part of the 1929 IND Second System, plans for the Second Avenue Subway called for the new line to run directly above the existing Second Avenue station. Room was left for the anticipated four-track right-of-way above the Sixth Avenue trackways and directly east of the entrance at Second Avenue; on the west end of the platforms, the ceiling drops.[15] Above this lower ceiling is an empty space that can fit four trackways and two platforms (similar to a 4-track express stop), which can be made out from the ceiling pattern from the active platforms. The mezzanine at Second Avenue, possibly intended as temporary, has doors that lead to the unused track space.[16] Crew rooms were built on most of the space prior to the introduction of the V.

The current plans for the Second Avenue Subway, made in the 2000s, will not use this space; the new Houston Street station will instead be built below the existing one, with a free transfer between them.[17][18] The decision to use a deeper alignment under Chrystie Street was made to simplify construction and lessen impact to the community.[a][19][20][21][22] Second Avenue service will be tentatively provided by the T train once Phase 3 of construction is complete. When this happens, the station will become a terminal station for southbound service. There will be a double crossover north of the station.[21] However, Phase 4 of construction will extend the line south, below Houston Street, in the direction of Hanover Square.[23][24]

In addition to the current entrances, the Second Avenue Subway station will utilize a new entrance to be constructed at Second Avenue and Third Street.[25] In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Second Avenue Subway platform will be wheelchair-accessible;[25] however, it is unknown if the Sixth Avenue Line platforms will also become accessible.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See the Grand Street article for more information

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  4. ^ "LaGuardia Opens New Subway Link". The New York Times. January 2, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved October 7, 2011. 
  5. ^ Pirmann, David (November 1997). "IND Second System – 1929 Plan". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved August 30, 2016. 
  6. ^ Kabak, Benjamin (November 2, 2010). "The history of a subway shell at South 4th Street". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved August 30, 2016. 
  7. ^ Brennan, Joseph (2002). "Abandoned Stations : IND Second System unfinished stations". columbia.edu. Retrieved August 30, 2016. 
  8. ^ Pirmann, David; Darlington, Peggy; Aryel, Ron. "Second Avenue station IND 6th Avenue Line". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved August 30, 2016. 
  9. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2018). Tracks of the New York City Subway 2018 (16th ed.). Dougherty. 
  10. ^ a b c d "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Lower East Side" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20031226223418/http://ltvsquad.com/Missions/Tunnels/Subways/2ndSys/Various.php
  12. ^ a b Maykuth, Andrew (February 26, 1992). "A Nether World They Call Home Under The Streets Of Manhattan, The Homeless Huddle In Remote Crannies Of The Subway Amid Crack Vials And The Reek Of Human Waste. Retreating Underground In A Search For". Philly.com. New York: The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  13. ^ Kaaufman, Michael T. (November 14, 1992). "ABOUT NEW YORK; Walking the Beat in the Subway's Nether World". The New York Times. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  14. ^ https://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/IND_6th_Avenue_Line#2nd_Avenue
  15. ^ http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/abandoned/2Ave.ceilw.jpg
  16. ^ http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/abandoned/indsecsys.html
  17. ^ "Construction Methods, November 2002" MTA Capital Construction; Retrieved on May 18, 2008
  18. ^ http://web.mta.info/capital/sas_docs/feis/figure8-15.pdf
  19. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS): Appendix B: Development of Alternatives" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS): Chapter 2: Project Alternatives" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  21. ^ a b "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS): Track Diagram, South of 57th Street" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 9, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS): Deep Chrystie Option" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 9, 2015. 
  23. ^ http://web.mta.info/capital/sas_docs/feis/figures-06.pdf
  24. ^ http://web.mta.info/capital/sas_docs/feis/figures-07.pdf
  25. ^ a b "Second Avenue Subway Station Entrances: Community Board 3" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, DMJM HARRIS, ARUP. May 20, 2003. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 

External links[edit]