Second Avenue (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
|New York City Subway rapid transit station|
|Address||East Houston Street & Second Avenue
New York, NY 10002
|Line||IND Sixth Avenue Line|
|Services||F (all times)|
|Platforms||2 island platforms
|Tracks||4 (2 in regular service)|
|Opened||January 1, 1936|
|Former/other names||Lower East Side – Second Avenue|
|Passengers (2014)||5,772,265 3.8%|
|Rank||74 out of 421|
|Next north||Broadway – Lafayette Street: F|
|Next south||Delancey Street: F|
Second Avenue is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Second Avenue and Houston Street on the border between the East Village and the Lower East Side, in Manhattan. It is served by the F train at all times. From December 2001 to June 2010, this station was known on transit maps and announced on digital announcements as Lower East Side – Second Avenue, when it served as the southern terminal for the V train.
The station opened on January 1, 1936, as part of the Houston/Essex Streets subway—the portion of the Sixth Avenue Line between West Fourth Street – Washington Square and East Broadway. It has two island platforms and four tracks. All trains run on the outer tracks, while the inner tracks are currently unused. When the station opened, all four Sixth Avenue tracks ran continuously from West Fourth Street through Second Avenue. During the construction of the Chrystie Street Connection in the 1950s and 1960s, the center express tracks at Broadway – Lafayette Street were severed from the tracks at Second Avenue and rerouted to the Chrystie Street subway, running through Grand Street station to the north side of the Manhattan Bridge.
West (railroad north) of the station, the inner tracks are connected by a diamond crossover before merging with the outer local tracks; this allows the station to be used as a terminal. In the past, the station has served as a terminal for various services, including the aforementioned V train. East (railroad south) of the station, the local tracks continue along Houston Street before curving south into Essex Street and continuing through Delancey Street station.
The wall tiling is purple with dark purple border and lacks name tablets; the columns are concrete, and there are especially large columns with built-in benches at the centers of the platforms. Despite the station's name, the exit and mezzanine at Second Avenue is only open part-time. The full-time booth is located at the First Avenue mezzanine.
|G||Street Level||Exit/ Entrance|
|M||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent|
|Northbound local||← toward Jamaica – 179th Street (Broadway – Lafayette Street)|
|Northbound tail track||← No regular service|
|Northbound tail track||→ No regular service|
|Southbound local||→ toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (Delancey Street) →|
Entrances and exits
|Exit location||Exit type||Number of exits||Platform served|
|NW corner of Houston Street and Second Avenue||Staircase||1||Both|
|SW corner of Houston Street and Chrystie Street||Staircase||1||Both|
|NW corner of Houston Street and First Avenue||Staircase||1||Both|
|SW corner of Houston Street and Allen Street||Staircase||1||Both|
Provisions for other lines
IND Second System
East of the station, the center tracks also continue disused along Houston, but rise to an upper level and stub-end near Avenue A at bumper blocks. Near the end, these tail tracks begin to separate to create a provision for a center track which only extends about 10 or 15 feet and stops at the bulkhead at the end of the tunnel. It was planned that these tracks would continue under the East River to the South Fourth Street Line, part of a never-built system expansion. These tracks east of the station were previously used for train storage but became an oft-frequented spot for the homeless due to its location near local missions and soup kitchens. The area was cleared out in 1990, and corrugated metal walls with bumper blocks were installed just past the east end of the platforms to seal the tunnels.
Second Avenue Subway service
As part of the 1929 plans for the Second Avenue Subway—which would have run directly above the existing Second Avenue station—room was left for the anticipated right-of-way above the Sixth Avenue trackways and between the two mezzanines. A large, open space is still visible over the tracks and platforms.
The current plans for the Second Avenue Subway, made in the 2000s, will not use this space; the new Houston Street station will instead be built below the existing one, with a free transfer between them. The decision to use a deeper alignment under Chrystie Street was made to simplify construction and lessen impact to the community; see Grand Street for more information. Second Avenue service will be tentatively provided by the T train once Phase 3 of construction is complete. When this happens, the station will become a terminal station for southbound service. However, Phase 4 of construction will extend the line south, below Houston Street, in the direction of Hanover Square.
In addition to the current entrances, the Second Avenue Subway station will utilize a new entrance to be constructed at Second Avenue and Third Street. In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Second Avenue Subway platform will be ADA-accessible, to ensure equal access for the disabled; however, it is unknown if the Sixth Avenue Line platforms will also become accessible.
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-28.
- Maykuth, Andrew (February 26, 1992). "A Nether World They Call Home Under The Streets Of Manhattan, The Homeless Huddle In Remote Crannies Of The Subway Amid Crack Vials And The Reek Of Human Waste. Retreating Underground In A Search For". Philly.com. New York: The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- Kaaufman, Michael T. (November 14, 1992). "ABOUT NEW YORK; Walking the Beat in the Subway's Nether World". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "Construction Methods, November 2002" MTA Capital Construction; Retrieved on 2008-05-18
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Second Avenue (IND Sixth Avenue Line).|
- nycsubway.org—IND 6th Avenue: 2nd Avenue
- Station Reporter — F Train
- Abandoned Stations — IND Second System unfinished stations
- Second Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
- First Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View