Second Battle of Katwa

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Second Battle of Katwa
Part of Fifth Maratha invasion of Bengal
DateDecember 1745[1]
Location
Result

Mughal victory[1]

Belligerents

Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughal Empire

Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire
Commanders and leaders
Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG Alivardi Khan Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Raghuji Bhonsle
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Mir Habib
Strength
Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG unknown Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 20,000 cavalry
Casualties and losses
Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg unknown Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg unknown

The Second Battle of Katwa occurred between the Bengal and Maratha Empire in December 1745. After the defeats of the Marathas in the first four invasions of Bengal (see Maratha invasions of Bengal), the Maratha General and ruler of Nagpur, Raghuji Bhonsle again invaded the territory of Bengal. Bhonsle, with 20,000 horsemen attacked the civilians of Murshidabad and moved onwards to Katwa.[2] However he was repeatedly ambushed by peasant guerillas and militias in Birbhum and near Durgapur, and thus his column was thinned considerably. The Marathas met Alivardi Khan's army in Katwa where the battle started. During the battle, most of the Marathas were slaughtered and the remaining Maratha soldiers under Raghuji Bhonsle retreated from Katwa. The Marathas then retreated towards Medinipur. The battle was a victory for Alivardi Khan who had once again ousted the Marathas from Bengal. After this battle, Alivardi Khan was known in Bengal as "Maratha-khuni" which translates to "Maratha-killer" in Bengali.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ড. মুহম্মদ আব্দুর রহিম. বাংলাদেশের ইতিহাস. আলীবর্দী ও মারাঠা আক্রমণ. পৃ. ২৯৬.
  2. ^ Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 516. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015.