Second Battle of Manzanillo
|Second Battle of Manzanillo|
|Part of the Spanish–American War|
USS Scorpion at dock.
|Kingdom of Spain||United States|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Joaquín Gómez de Barreda||Adolph Marix|
|3 small gunboats,
3 field guns
|1 auxiliary cruiser,
1 armed tug
|Casualties and losses|
|3 wounded||1 gunboat damaged|
The Second Battle of Manzanillo was a naval engagement of the Spanish–American War on 1 July 1898. Two American gunboats attempted unsuccessfully to destroy the shipping present in the harbor of Manzanillo, Cuba.
The USS Scorpion and Osceola had arrived at Manzanillo on 1 July expecting to find an American squadron, but did not know that the squadron had fought a battle in the harbor and retired the previous day. The two vessels under Adolph Marix nonetheless decided to follow their orders and sailed into the bay to capture or destroy any enemy shipping there. In the harbor, they found several small vessels including the 42 long tons (43 t) gunboats Estrella and Guantánamo, the 85 long tons (86 t) Delgado Parejo, and a barracks ship. The Americans then proceeded to open fire on the vessels but could not get close enough to destroy them due to the shallow water that lay in between the two aggressors. Not only did the Spanish gunboats return fire, but infantry and artillery from the shore as well.
The Americans were outnumbered, and after Scorpion had been hit 12 times the attackers withdrew. Osceola was not hit and the Americans reported casualties, while Spanish casualties were three men wounded aboard the pontoon María.
As had occurred the day before, the Spanish had managed to repel the American squadron. Wrote one American sailor:
|“||We have been in two of the bombardments off Santiago and helped clear the way for the troops at Daiquiri, yet we had seen nothing before to equal the accuracy, rapidity, and uniformity of the fire that the Spanish forces gave us at Manzanillo. And we give them credit for it.||”|
Scorpion and Osceola met up with the squadron that had attacked the previous day and waited for reinforcements to arrive, before finally managing to destroy the Spanish naval force at Manzanillo on 18 July.
- "MARIX AT MANZANILLO", The New York Times. July 25, 1898: "They had driven us out of their harbour, true; but with what odds against us! And, even then, it took a full half hour to do it. ... A merciful Providence surely watches over the American arms."
- "MARIX AT MANZANILLO", The New York Times. July 25, 1898
- Wilson, Herbert Wrigley (1900). The Downfall of Spain: Naval History of the Spanish-American War. Low, Marston and company, limited.
- "GUNBOATS ENGAGE SPANIARDS", The New York Times. July 9, 1898.
- "MARIX AT MANZANILLO", The New York Times. July 25, 1898.
- Agustín Ramón Rodríguez González (1998). Operaciones de la Guerra de 1898: una revisión crítica. Actas Editorial. ISBN 84-87863-72-8.