Second Carlist War

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Second Carlist War
Part of the Carlist Wars
Batalla del Pasteral.jpg
The Battle of Pasteral, 1849.
Result Liberal victory
Carlists Liberals
Commanders and leaders
Carlists: 100,000 or more Liberals: 500,000 or more

The Second Carlist War, or the War of the Matiners (Catalan for "early-risers," so-called from the harassing action that took place at the earliest hours of the morning), was a civil war occurred in Spain, to some historians considered a direct catalan revolt against Madrid, fought primarily in Catalonia by the Carlists under General Ramón Cabrera against the forces of the government of Isabella II. The uprising began in September 1846 and continued until May 1849, spreading to Galicia.

Theoretically, the war was fought to facilitate the marriage of Isabella II with the Carlist pretender, Carlos de Borbón (or Carlos VI), which was supported by the moderate party and by the Carlists. The marriage never took place, as Isabella II was wed to Francisco de Borbón. The main reasons of the uprising were the liberal centrist policies of queen Isabella II, and the promise of the carlist pretender of restoring the catalan constitutions or "furs" abolished a century ago by the Nueva Planta decrees.

The conflict was rather minor in the Basque Country in the Basque context, a central focus of Carlist uprisings, it was non-existent, so "Second Carlist War" invariably refers to the Third Carlist War. It coincided with the democratic Revolutions of 1848, when Maria Christina revoked the constitution of Ramón de Narváez. Narváez himself led the counterattack against the revolt in Galicia while Fernando de Córdova, captain-general of Catalonia, put down the isolated rebel cells in that region by early 1849. In June of that year, amnesty was granted to the Carlists and those who had fled returned.

The war caused between 30,000 and 100,000 casualties.[1]