Second Chinese domination of Vietnam

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Second Chinese domination of Vietnam
Bắc thuộc lần thứ hai (北屬吝次二)
43–544
Map of the Liang dynasty in 502
Map of the Liang dynasty in 502
Status District of the Eastern Han dynasty-Eastern Wu-Jin dynasty-Liang dynasty
Capital Jiaozhi (Vietnamese: Giao Chỉ)
Common languages Old Chinese
Government Monarchy
Emperor  
• 43-57
Emperor Guangwu of Han (First)
• 229-252
Sun Quan of Eastern Wu
• 266-290
Emperor Wu of Jin
• 420-422
Emperor Wu of Liu Song
• 479-482
Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
• 502–544
Emperor Wu of Liang (Last)
History  
43
• Collapse of Han Dynasty
220 43
• Jiaozhi under Eastern Wu
222
• Jin dynasty unified China
265
420
• Jiaozhi under Southern Qi
479
502
• Lý Bí declare independence of Jiaozhi
544 544
Currency cash coins
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Trưng Sisters
Early Lý dynasty
Today part of  Vietnam
 China

The second Chinese domination marks a period from 43 to 544 when Vietnam fell into Chinese control for a second time, between the end of the Trưng Sisters and the start of the Anterior Lý Dynasty. This period began when General Ma Yuan conquered Giao Chỉ from the Trưng Sisters on the order of emperor Wu of Han. This region was merged again into the Han dynasty, until civil war in China made it unstable and it became divided into many kingdoms. When the Liang dynasty was established, Lý Bí raised a revolt against them and established the Early Lý dynasty. This period lasted about 500 years.

Fluctuations through seven dynasties[edit]

Han style funerary house model found in Bỉm Sơn, Thanh Hóa. 1st-3rd century AD

The end of Eastern Han dynasty[edit]

The Trung sisters' independent rule was one of the few relatively brief interruptions during the Chinese domination of Vietnam which continued from 111 BC to 939.

After the defeat of the Trung sisters, the Eastern Han dynasty strengthened its control over the region in 43 and renamed it Giao Chỉ (or Jiaozhi). As the Han dynasty weakened, the prefect of Giao Chỉ, Shi Xie, ruled Vietnam as an autonomous warlord and was posthumously deified by later Vietnamese Emperors.[1]

Three Kingdoms eras[edit]

Even when the Eastern Han dynasty split into the Three Kingdoms in 220, Vietnam remained under the control of the state of Wu. A female rebel named Triệu Thị Trinh briefly pushed the Chinese rulers out in 248, but was soon overthrown. Then Vietnam was under Jin China and the first half of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The domination ended by 544, when Lý Nam Đế came to power.[2]

Uprisings[edit]

Local rebellions were organized by:

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Preceded by
Trưng Sisters
Dynasty of Vietnam
43–544
Succeeded by
Anterior Lý Dynasty