Second grade (called Grade 2 in some regions) is a year of primary education in many nations. Second grade is the second school year after first grade. Students are traditionally 7–9 years old, depending on when their birthday occurs.
In mathematics, students are taught place value to tens, hundreds or thousands, and renaming with addition and subtraction. Measurement is extended to the meter, foot, yard, kilogram, pound, and pint. Measurement of time and temperature in Fahrenheit and Celsius is also emphasized as well. Usually multiplication and division is introduced towards the end of the school year but not emphasized. Another skill students practice is counting money and making change. Positive and negative numbers are introduced, but not added and subtracted. These values are generally introduced in temperature. Addition and subtraction facts are practiced throughout the year. Students also learn about plane and solid shapes in geometry and explore how they are apparent in our everyday lives. Some second grade topics in math can be explored at the following website.
In reading, students read to perform a task using fictional and non-fictional texts, and learn about story elements, text features, character traits, sequencing, and main idea/details. In many counties and districts, schools have reading benchmarks that students need to meet by the end of each quarter and/or school year. At the end of the year, students begin their first novels. Decoding strategies usually end in second grade and reading more for comprehension.
Students in second grade also learn the basics of grammar in writing, including subject, verbs, and adjectives. They also write to inform, to express personal ideas, and to persuade. In the U.S. it is also common for second graders to be introduced to cursive. Cursive writing is also focused in third grade.
Second grade science usually involves basic earth and space sciences. Students are introduced to the planets and the weather system. Dinosaurs and some health science are also covered such as nutrition.
In social studies, a general understanding of the government and current events are discussed. Students are expected to know the current president and vice president, and some important presidents such as Abraham Lincoln and George Washington. The concept of the law is taught in second grade. Second grade students may also get a basic understanding of history, and what life was like in times before they were born. Field trips to historical and science museums are common. Some basic sociological institutions are taught such as race and gender, and the exploration of different cultural groups such as Black, Latin, and Asian. International geography is introduced while students learn about the continents, oceans, and basic countries such as China, India, France, Mexico, Canada, Australia, and the UK.
Although the U.S. does not formally have national grade standards, there are groups selected by the Department of Education to develop standards which are generally used by each State to set their own standards. For mathematics, it is the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. There is an English guide to the second grade math standards and expectations. This description was built by using the major states as a norm.
In Brazil now, the time for elementary school were recently raised from 8 to 9 years, and the minimum age required to the second grade was changed from 6 to 7 years old.
In France, it would correspond to CE1 (Cours Elémentaire 1) which is the first year of elementary school. This course used to be known as 10eme.
In India children enter Class 2 or 3 at ages 7 to 8.
In Germany this would be comparable to second class (2.Klasse)
In Greece it is the Second grade of Primary (Deftera Dimotikou).
New Zealand equivalent
In New Zealand, this level of class is called Year 3. Children generally start this level between the ages of seven and eight.
In Peru, this is also known as second grade (Segundo Grado), and pupils are between 7–8 years old.
Republic of Ireland equivalent
In The Republic of Ireland, the equivalent is known as Second Class or Rang a dó (usually for 7-8 year olds) which is year 4 of Primary School. It is traditionally the year that is dedicated to preparing for the child's "First Holy Communion", however, as Ireland becomes increasingly multicultural, more and more schools are opting to prepare for the sacrement outside of school hours - at weekends or after school.
United Kingdom equivalents
The British education system differs slightly between the four individual countries of the United Kingdom.
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