Second Tymoshenko government
|Second Tymoshenko Government|
|13th cabinet of Ukraine (since 1990)|
|Date formed||December 18, 2007|
|Date dissolved||March 11, 2010|
|People and organisations|
|Head of government||Yulia Tymoshenko|
|Deputy head of government||Oleksandr Turchynov|
|Head of state||Viktor Yushchenko|
|No. of ministers||25|
|Member party||Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
|Status in legislature||Coalition of Democratic Forces|
|Opposition party||Party of Regions
Communist Party of Ukraine
|Opposition leader||Viktor Yanukovych|
|Legislature term(s)||5 years|
|Predecessor||Second Yanukovych government|
|Successor||First Azarov government|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The second Tymoshenko Government was appointed on December 18, 2007 as a coalition between Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko (BYuT) and Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense Bloc (OU-PSD), OU-PSD is the party of then-President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko, following the 2007 Ukrainian parliamentary election. The government program was named: "Ukrainian breakthrough: for people, not for politicians".
On December 17, 2008 Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko announced a reshuffle of the cabinet after the forming of a BYuT, OU-PSD and Bloc of Lytvyn coalition following the 2008 Ukrainian political crisis. On March 3, 2010 the Ukrainian Parliament passed a motion of no confidence in the second Tymoshenko Government. A day before that the coalition had already lost the parliamentary majority. On March 11, 2010 the First Azarov Government was elected.
Since its dismissal several Ministers of the second Tymoshenko Government have been involved in criminal proceedings against them; the most noticeable outcomes of this were the imprisonments of former Prime Minister Tymoshenko and Interior Minister Yuriy Lutsenko.
The appointment of the government of Ukraine was scheduled for the December 11, 2007. The session was opened late due to awaiting of the President of Ukraine who after arriving was giving the first word. At first there were 271 parliamentarians registered that morning with only Party of Regions and four people's deputies from the Communist Party being absent. During the voting for the appointment, however, the rest of the Communist Party and Lytvyn Bloc were absent together with Ivan Plyushch from Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc. Beside that for some reason the electronic counting system of the parliament seemed to malfunction and did not count votes of two parliamentarians showing only 225 approving votes.
The creation of the new cabinet was rescheduled on December 18, but the political parties Party of Regions, Communist Party of Ukraine, and Lytvyn Bloc completely boycotted that session registering zero representatives from their parties. Only 227 people's deputies registered that day and there were five issues on agenda during that session: a) appointment of the Prime Minister of Ukraine, b) dismissal of the Prime Minister of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych, c) dissolution of the current Cabinet of Ministers, d) formation of the new Cabinet of Ministers, e) an early termination of powers for parliamentarians elected to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. The voting on the first issue was decided to conduct without the parliamentary electronic counting system "Rada". The counting of votes started at 11 o'clock in the morning and was finished at 11:40 during the whole procedure it was found that one parliamentarian from Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc was missing. At 12:30 the head of the counting commission Mykola Shershun announced the results.
|Faction||Number of deputies||For||Against||Abstained||Didn't vote||Absent|
|Party of Regions Faction||172||0||0||0||0||172|
|Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc||156||156||0||0||0||0|
|Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc||72||70||0||1||0||1|
|Communist Party of Ukraine Faction||27||0||0||0||0||27|
Before voting for his dismissal as the Prime Minister of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych gave a speech (below is end of it):
The voting on the next issues was continued to be conducted without the utilization of the electronic counting system by showing hands. For the dismissal of Yanukovych all 226 parliamentarians registered in the session hall voted approvingly. The same results were obtained for the dismissal of the current Cabinet of Ministers. For the appointment of the new government 227 parliamentarians raised their hands that afternoon.
On June 18, 2009 Parliament Speaker and leader of Bloc of Lytvyn Volodymyr Lytvyn stated that his party is not seeking posts in the Cabinet of Ministers even though at the time there were three posts vacant and the Transport and Communications Minister Yosyp Vinskyi turned in his resignation one day earlier. According to Lytvyn he had no intention of changing this position because he valued voters.
On June 26, 2009 Prime Minister Tymoshenko nominated Oleksandr Klymenko for coal minister, Mykhailo Zgurovsky and Yuriy Liubonenko for vice premiers, Fedir Yaroshenko for finance minister, Tariel Vasafze for transport and communications minister, and Viktor Shemchuk for justice minister.
Newly elected President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych wanted to oust the current Cabinet and form a new Cabinet with his Party of Regions after his election on February 7, 2010. On February 20, 2010 Parliament Speaker Volodymyr Lytvyn stated he would announce the dissolution of the coalition the next plenary week if its activity by then was not confirmed in documents. On February 17 Lytvyn had asked the coalition to provide within ten days documents that confirmed its existence, in particular, a list of at least 226 Members of Parliament who are members. Lytvyn stated that it was possible to ensure "the effectiveness of the current coalition" or create a new coalition in parliament. Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko stated on February 22 she was holding negotiation "to unite in the Verkhovna Rada the democratic and pro-Ukrainian forces, all rational deputies of Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc, the Lytvyn Bloc and Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc". If the current Cabinet could not be preserved Tymoshenko has stated she would go into Parliamentary opposition. During a Cabinet of Ministers meeting on February 24, 2010 Tymoshenko stated “I am certain that Our Ukraine group leaders … will stand firmly in the defense of Ukraine and everything Ukrainian. I am certain that these leaders will not change their ideology or beliefs and join a majority coalition led by Party of Regions” (the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc or Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc faction where needed to form a new coalition). On February 24 Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine’s parliament) Volodymyr Lytvyn received a document that had been drafted by the Party of Regions faction that had been submitted for examination by all factions, except the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, according to the Party of Regions the document was not the draft of a new coalition agreement but "a document submitted to the head of the Lytvyn Bloc faction in the process of talks so that he can consider this draft and we proposed that our colleagues consider this coalition agreement and make their amendments and remarks, if they deem it necessary".
On March 2, 2010 Chairman Lytvyn announced in parliament that the government had collapsed “In line with the constitution of Ukraine ... I announce that the coalition in parliament has ceased its activity". 37 (of the 55) Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc faction members had voted for the continuation of the coalition. Ivan Kyrylenko, leader of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc faction, blamed the Lytvyn Bloc for the collapse of the coalition and according to Prime Minister Tymoshenko "The coalition was disbanded illegally", she also blamed the Lytvyn Bloc and "Our Ukraine, including the leader of Our Ukraine who announced the position of the faction".
On March 1, 2010 Prime Minister Tymoshenko demanded a vote of no confidence in the government in parliament. Ukraine's parliament held a vote of no confidence in the government on March 3, 2010, in which the cabinet was dismissed with 243 lawmakers voting in favour out of the 450. Before the vote and on March 3 Prime Minister Tymoshenko stated "If the dismissal of the government is passed today, at that very same moment our government will leave the cabinet. Our political force will cross into the opposition".
According to Tymoshenko, the protection of Ukraine from financial and economic collapse amid the global crisis is the main achievement of the work of the government she had led. On May 13, 2010, Prime Minister Mykola Azarov claimed that ninety percent of decisions taken by the second Tymoshenko government had not been implemented in Ukraine.
On March 18, 2010, Accounting Chamber Head Valentyn Symonenko accused the second Tymoshenko government of falsifying budget indicators and noted a rise in the debt load on the budget in 2010 compared with 2009.
Prime Minister Tymoshenko resigned from the post of Prime Minister on March 4, 2010. Oleksandr Turchynov was empowered to fulfill the Prime Minister's duties until a new government was formed on March 4, 2010, his reign lasted a week.
|Reforms and Order|
|People's Movement of Ukraine|
|Prime Minister||Yulia Tymoshenko|
|First Vice Prime Minister||Oleksander Turchinov|
|Vice Prime Minister (on issues of preparation to the UEFA Euro 2012)||Ivan Vasyunik|
|Vice Prime Minister (on issues of European integration)||Hrihoriy Nemyrya|
|Vice Prime Minister||vacant|
|Minister of Education and Science||Ivan Vakarchuk|
|Minister of Transport and Communications||Yosyp Vinskyi (till June 23, 2009)|
|Minister of Culture and Tourism||Vasyl Vovkun|
|Minister of Economics||Bohdan Danylyshyn|
|Minister of Labor and Social Policy||Lyudmila Denysova|
|Minister of Defense||Yuriy Yekhanurov (till June 5, 2009)|
|Minister of Health Safety||Vasyl Knyazevych|
|Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers||Petro Krupko|
|Minister of Regional Development and Construction||Vasyl Kuybida|
|Minister on Communal Living||Oleksiy Kucherenko|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Yuriy Lutsenko (till January 28, 2010)|
|Minister of Agrarian Policy||Yuriy Melnyk|
|Minister of Industrial Policy||Volodymyr Novytskyi|
|Minister of Justice||Mykola Onishchuk|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Volodymyr Ohryzko (till March 3, 2009)
Petro Poroshenko (since October 9, 2009)
|Minister of Family, Youth and Sport||Yuriy Pavlenko|
|Minister of Finance||Viktor Pynzenyk (till February 17, 2009)|
|Minister of Coal Industry||Viktor Poltavets|
|Minister of Fuel and Energy||Yuriy Prodan|
|Minister of Environmental Protection||Hryhoriy Filipchuk|
|Minister of Emergencies and Minister of the Protection of the Population from the Chornobyl disaster||Volodymyr Shandra|
- Minister of Transport and Communications Yosyp Vynskyi was dismissed by the Ukrainian parliament on June 23, 2009. Vynskyi has submitted his resignation statement on June 17, 2009 due to serious disagreements with Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko. Vynskyi stated: "The Prime Minister has been blocking reforms that are extremely important for the branch, as well as the allocation of funds required to build infrastructure facilities linked to Ukraine’s hosting the Euro 2012 Football Championship". Tymoshenko said on ICTV television channel on June 15, 2009 that she did not rule out bringing a case against Vinsky (see accused him of attempts to misuse 15 million hryvnias belonging to Ukrposhta for a presidential campaign of the minister). Vasyl Shevchenko, the first deputy minister, took over as acting head of the ministry.
- Yuriy Yehanurov was fired by the Ukrainian Parliament on June 5, 2009. Valeriy Ivaschenko, the first deputy minister, was appointed acting Defense Minister the same day.
- Yuriy Lutsenko was fired by the Ukrainian Parliament on January 28, 2010. The same day he was appointed by the Cabinet as first deputy Interior minister and acting Interior Minister. The Kiev District Administrative Court suspended the government's decision until the end of an investigation into his appointment, but the Cabinet claimed it had not received any court ruling on the matter.
- On March 3, 2009 former minister Volodymyr Ohryzko was fired by the Ukrainian Parliament, Volodymyr Khandohiy was acting minister from March 3, 2009 till the appointment of Poroshenko since October 9, 2009.)
- Viktor Pynzenyk was (officially) dismissed on February 17, 2009. Ihor Umanskyi (acting since April 8, 2009)
- Viktor Poltavets asked to be dismissed due to the state of his health late June 2009, but recalled his letter of resignation on July 16, 2009; Poltavets stated he decided to resign "considering it would allow the parliamentary coalition to enhance the government thanks to the system of agreement with different political forces, however, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has failed to consider the staff issues, but long absence of the head of the ministry may lead to complicated consequences".
Criminal cases against former ministers
Late January 2011 the Control and Revision Office of Ukraine identified violations of law and the procedure for the use of public funds worth $12 billion in 2008-2009. Since April 2010 the General Prosecutor of Ukraine have launched several criminal case against former ministers in the Second Tymoshenko Government Early December 2010 Ukraine's Prosecutor General Viktor Pshonka had stated that there were no political reasons for the interrogations of the opposition leaders Tymoshenko, Lutsenko and Oleksandr Turchynov. But Tymoshenko has dismissed the probe against her as "terror against the opposition by President Yanukovych".
Yulia Tymoshenko and Yuriy Lutsenko
Former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko and Interior Minister Yuriy Lutsenko have been jailed since October 2011 and February 2012. On 7 April 2013 a decree by President Viktor Yanukovych freed Lutsenko from prison and exempted him, and his fellow Minister in the second Tymoshenko Government Heorhiy Filipchuk, from further punishment.
Former acting Acting Ukrainian Defense Minister Valeriy Ivaschenko was arrested on 25 August 2010 for illegally making a decision to sell Government property. In 2013 Ivashchenko claimed he was prosecuted because he refused to testify against Tymoshenko and Oleksandr Turchynov and that the accusations against him where fabricated by his former deputy minister of defence, Ihor Montrezor, who he had fired because he was “fixing dirty corrupt deals in the upper echelons of power”. Ivaschenko was sentenced to 5 years imprisonment for abuse of power on 12 April 2012. The United States Embassy in Kiev named Ivaschenko's verdict an "latest example of selective justice in Ukraine" and it called for his release. On 14 August 2012 a Court of Appeals replaced the five-year imprisonment for Ivaschenko with a suspended sentence with a one-year probation period. On 13 February 2013 Ivaschenko was granted political asylum in Denmark. On 12 March 2013 the Higher Specialized Court of Ukraine for Criminal and Administrative Cases upheld his suspended five-year sentence.
Environment minister in the second Tymoshenko Government, Heorhiy Filipchuk, was detained and charged with abuse of office early December 2010, Filipchuk was sentenced to 3 years imprisonment for abuse of power on 5 April 2012. Members of the German Bundestag (parliament) criticized this verdict. In June 2012, Kyiv’s Court of Appeals changed the verdict against Filipchuk, giving him a two-year suspended sentence. President Viktor Yanukovych on 5 April 2013 proposed the presidential commission on pardons urgently to consider the request by Verkhovna Rada Human Rights Commissioner Valeriya Lutkovska to pardon Filipchuk. Filipchuk had asked President Yanukovych for a pardon on 5 April 2013. On 7 April 2013 a decree by Yanukovych granted this request (among others) for health reasons.
Former economy minister Bohdan Danylyshyn was detained in the Czech Republic in October 2010 on abuse of office charges. Danylyshyn was granted political asylum by the Czech Republic in January 2011.
Former First Deputy Justice Minister Yevhen Korniychuk was detained on 22 December 2010 but was excluded from criminal proceedings on 9 December 2011 (On 15 February 2010 the investigator had changed the pre-trial restrictions from arrest to a written undertaking not to leave Kiev).
- (Ukrainian) Speech of the Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko (Government Press service, January 16, 2008)
- Three factions sign coalition agreement, Kyiv Post (December 16, 2008)
- Ukraine's Cabinet will be reshuffled given coalition formation, says Tymoshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (17 December 2008)
- Ukraine parliament votes out Tymoshenko's government, Kyiv Post (March 3, 2010)
- Assembly speaker: Ukraine's ruling coalition collapses, Kyiv Post (March 2, 2010)
- OU-PSD faction leader not planning to submit signatures on coalition's existence to speaker, Kyiv Post (March 2, 2010)
- Tymoshenko: Dissolution of parliamentary coalition illegal, Kyiv Post (March 2, 2010)
- Ukraine's new government puts final nail in coffin of the Orange Revolution, The Guardian (March 11, 2010)
- Ukraine ex-PM Yulia Tymoshenko jailed over gas deal, BBC News (11 October 2011)
- Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych pardons Yulia Tymoshenko allies, BBC News (8 April 2013)
Ukrainian leader Yanukovych pardons Tymoshenko ally, BBC News (7 April 2013)
Ukrainian president pardons Lutsenko and Filipchuk – decree, Interfax-Ukraine (7 April 2013)
- Prosecutors arrest former deputy defense minister, Kyiv Post (25 August 2010)
Ivaschenko not treated in and outside jail, says his wife, Kyiv Post (24 December 2011)
- Prosecutors launch probe of Tymoshenko, arrest her environment minister, Kyiv Post (December 16, 2010)
- Court grants amnesty for former First Deputy Justice Minister Korniychuk, Kyiv Post (8 March 2012)
- Another Former Official Finds Asylum Abroad, The Ukrainian Week (22 February 2013)
- Проект Постанови про призначення Ю.В. Тимошенко Прем'єр-міністром України
- "Stenograma" December 11, 2007
- Поіменне голосування про включення до порядку денного питання щодо призначення членів Кабінету Міністрів України та зміну розгляду питань, що визначенні ст.16 Регламенту Верховної Ради України
- ЗАСІДАННЯ ДВАДЦЯТЬ ДРУГЕ, Verkhovna Rada official website (December 18, 2007)
- Проект Постанови про звільнення Януковича В.Ф. з посади Прем'єр-міністра України
- Оперативна інформація про результати розгляду питань на пленарному засіданні Верховної Ради України 18 грудня 2007 року
- Cabinet Of Ministers Halves Salaries Of Ministers Until 2010, Ukrainian News Agency (March 18, 2009)
- Lytvyn Bloc Not Seeking Posts In Cabinet Of Ministers, Ukrainian News Agency (June 18, 2009)
- Government asking parliament to speed up consideration of staff issues, Ukrinform (August 31, 2009)
- First vice premier: Vacant posts of ministers could be filled only after presidential elections, Kyiv Post (November 16, 2009)
- Ukraine: Tymoshenko vows to contest election result, BBC News (February 15, 2010)
- Yanukovych has yet to secure ruling majority in parliament, Kyiv Post (February 25, 2010)
- Parliament speaker could announce coalition dissolution next plenary week, Kyiv Post (February, 2010)
- Yulia Tymoshenko’s address to the people of Ukraine, Yulia Tymoshenko official website (February 22, 2010)
- Tymoshenko fights on, refuses to recognize Yanukovych win, Kyiv Post (February 25, 2010)
- Lytvyn says he has draft of new coalition agreement, Kyiv Post (February 24, 2010)
- Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko blames Lytvyn Bloc for parliamentary coalition collapse, Kyiv Post (March 2, 2010)
- Tymoshenko demands parliament should consider her government's dismissal on March 2, Kyiv Post (March 1, 2010)
- Ukraine to hold no confidence vote in government on Wednesday, Kyiv Post (March 1, 2010)
- Tymoshenko says cabinet won't stay on as caretaker, Kyiv Post (March 3, 2010)
- Tymoshenko: Government members will immediately leave offices after Rada's decision on cabinet dismissal, Kyiv Post (March 3, 2010)
- Factbox: Long road to a new Ukrainian coalition and government, Kyiv Post (March 1, 2010)
- Tymoshenko: Government has managed to protect country from financial and economic collapse, Kyiv Post (March 3, 2010)
- Azarov slams execution of government resolutions in Ukraine, Kyiv Post (May 13, 2010)
- Accounting Chamber head accuses Tymoshenko's government of falsification of budget indicators, Kyiv Post (March 18, 2010)
- Press secretary: Tymoshenko vacates premier's post, Kyiv Post (March 4, 2010)
- Cabinet: Turchynov will fulfill premier's duties until new government is formed, Kyiv Post (March 4, 2010)
- born July 8
- Parliament dismisses Transport Minister Vinsky, Interfax-Ukraine (June 23, 2009)
- Vinsky resigns as Transport Minister of Ukraine, UNIAN (June 17, 2009)
- Ukraine's transport minister Vinsky resigns, Interfax-Ukraine (June 17, 2009)
- Source: Government appoints Cherpytsky first deputy transport and communications minister, Kyiv Post (9 December 2011)
- Ukrainian parliament dismisses Yekhanurov as defense minister, Interfax-Ukraine (June 5, 2009)
- Ukrainian government appoints temporary acting defense minister, Kyiv Post (June 5, 2009)
- Lutsenko says he's calm about his dismissal, Kyiv Post (28 January 2010)
- Update: Ukraine's parliament dismisses interior minister, Kyiv Post (28 January 2010)
- Regions Party: Kliuyev is legitimate head of Interior Ministry, Kyiv Post (1 February 2010)
- Rada appoints Poroshenko Ukraine's foreign minister, Interfax-Ukraine (October 9, 2009)
- Tymoshenko appoints acting Finance Minister of Ukraine, UNIAN (April 13, 2009)
- Coalition has enough votes to appoint number of ministers, says Tymoshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (July 1, 2009)
- Poltavets Recalls Letter Of Resignation, Ukrainian News Agency (July 16, 2009)
- Control and Revision Office: Tymoshenko government misused almost $12 billion, Kyiv Post (January 28, 2010)
- Update: Ukraine opens criminal case over $290 million carbon cash, Kyiv Post (April 28, 2010)
- Prosecutor general says there were no politics in questioning Tymoshenko and Turchynov, Kyiv Post (December 10, 2010)
- Tymoshenko probed for abuse of office, Kyiv Post (December 16, 2010)
- European People's Party condemns 'politically motivated' government pressure on Ukrainian opposition, Kyiv Post (December 16, 2010)
- Lawyer appeals Lutsenko's verdict at Appeals Court, Kyiv Post (7 March 2012)
- Ally of Ukraine's Tymoshenko jailed for 5 years, Kyiv Post (12 April 2012)
Lawyers to appeal against Ivaschenko verdict, Kyiv Post (12 April 2012)
- US: Release Ivashchenko, sentencing most recent example of ‘selective justice’, Kyiv Post (13 April 2012)
- Media: Ivaschenko receives political asylum in Denmark, Kyiv Post (13 February 2013)
- Court upholds Ivaschenko's suspended sentence, Kyiv Post (12 March 2013)
- (Ukrainian) МІНІСТРУ ТИМОШЕНКО ДАЛИ ТРИ РОКИ, Ukrayinska Pravda (5 April 2012)
- (Ukrainian) Міністр Тимошенко буде оскаржувати свої три роки, Ukrayinska Pravda (6 April 2012)
- (Ukrainian) У Бундестазі кажуть, що новим вироком екс-міністру наша влада нам шкодить, Ukrayinska Pravda (6 April 2012)
- Yanukovych proposes presidential commission urgently consider pardoning Lutsenko and Filipchuk, Interfax-Ukraine (6 April 2013)
- Ex-minister Filipchuk asks Ukrainian president for pardon, Interfax-Ukraine (5 April 2013)
- BYUT lawmakers blocked rostrum and presidium of VRU, UNIAN (December 16, 2010)
- Czechs grant asylum to Danylyshyn (update), Kyiv Post (13 January 2011)
- Pozhyvanov not ruling out he may seek political asylum in Austria, Kyiv Post (15 February 2011)