Second Kok cabinet

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Second Kok cabinet
Second Purple cabinet
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
63rd cabinet of the Netherlands
Kabinet-Kok II.jpg
The installation of the Second Kok cabinet on 3 August 1998
Date formed 3 August 1998 (1998-08-03)
Date dissolved 22 July 2002 (2002-07-22)
(Demissionary from 16 April 2002 (2002-04-16))
People and organisations
Head of government Wim Kok
Deputy head of government Annemarie Jorritsma
Els Borst
Head of state Queen Beatrix
No. of ministers 14
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
2
Total no. of ministers 18
Member party Labour Party (PvdA)
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD)
Democrats 66 (D66)
Status in legislature Majority government (Purple)
Opposition party Christian Democratic Appeal
Opposition leader Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (1998–2001)
Jan Peter Balkenende (2001–2002)
History
Election(s) Dutch general election, 1998
Outgoing election Dutch general election, 2002
Legislature term(s) 1998–2002
Incoming formation 1998 Dutch cabinet formation
Outgoing formation 2002 Dutch cabinet formation
Predecessor First Kok cabinet
Successor First Balkenende cabinet
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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The Second Kok cabinet, also called the Second Purple cabinet was the executive branch of the Dutch government from 3 August 1998 until 22 July 2002. The cabinet was formed by the political parties Labour Party (PvdA), People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and the Democrats 66 (D66) after the Dutch general election of 1998. The cabinet was a majority cabinet in the House of Representatives.

The new cabinet was the successor of the First Kok cabinet (First Purple cabinet) and was formed from the same coalition of Labour Party, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democrats 66. It was also known as the 'tweede paarse kabinet' ('second purple cabinet') called such because it contained both the social-democratic Labour Party (red) and the liberal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (blue).

The aim of the cabinet was to continue the policy of cabinet Kok I, which was concerned with economizing, tax reduction and making an end to unemployment. Wim Kok was the Prime Minister, Annemarie Jorritsma as the Deputy Prime Minister for the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, and Els Borst for Democrats 66. The cabinet was considered boring, because both left-wing and right-wing political parties were a part of it. There was no strong opposition in the parliament. The cabinet completed processes of liberalisation which were started by the previous cabinet: the legalisation of prostitution in 2000, same-sex marriage in 2001 and Euthanasia in 2002. This cabinet was notable for resigning twice. The first time was in May 1999, when Democrats 66 stepped out of the coalition when proposed legislation entered by this party was blocked; through negotiations the crisis was solved and the cabinet stayed together. The second and final time was on 16 April 2002, just one month before the next election, when Prime Minister Kok wished to resign over the NIOD report into the genocide of Srebrenica in 1995 and the other ministers had no choice but to follow him. The Second Kok cabinet remained in place as a Demissionary cabinet until 22 July 2002, when it was replaced by the First Balkenende cabinet.

Ministers Title/Portfolio Term of office Party
Wim Kok Wim Kok
(born 1938)
Prime Minister General Affairs 22 August 1994 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Annemarie Jorritsma Annemarie Jorritsma
(born 1950)
Deputy Prime Minister /
Minister
Economic Affairs 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Els Borst Els Borst
(1932–2014)
Deputy Prime Minister /
Minister
Health, Welfare and Sport 22 August 1994 –
22 July 2002
Democrats 66
Bram Peper Bram Peper
(born 1940)
Minister Interior and Kingdom Relations 3 August 1998 –
13 March 2000
[Res]
Labour Party
Roger van Boxtel Roger van Boxtel
(born 1954)
13 March 2000 –
24 March 2000
[Ad interim]
Democrats 66
Klaas de Vries Klaas de Vries
(born 1943)
24 March 2000 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Jozias van Aartsen Jozias van Aartsen
(born 1947)
Minister Foreign Affairs 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Gerrit Zalm Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
Minister Finance 22 August 1994 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Benk Korthals Benk Korthals
(born 1944)
Minister Justice 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Frank de Grave Frank de Grave
(born 1955)
Minister Defence 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Loek Hermans Loek Hermans
(born 1951)
Minister Education, Culture and Science 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Tineke Netelenbos Tineke Netelenbos
(born 1944)
Minister Transport, Public Works and Water Management 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Haijo Apotheker Haijo Apotheker
(born 1950)
Minister Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries 3 August 1998 –
7 June 1999
[Res]
Democrats 66
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst Laurens Jan Brinkhorst
(born 1937)
7 June 1999 –
22 July 2002
Klaas de Vries Klaas de Vries
(born 1943)
Minister Social Affairs and Employment 3 August 1998 –
24 March 2000
[Appt]
Labour Party
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Willem Vermeend
(born 1948)
24 March 2000 –
22 July 2002
Jan Pronk Jan Pronk
(born 1940)
Minister Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Ministers without portfolio Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Roger van Boxtel Roger van Boxtel
(born 1954)
Minister Urban Policy and Integration
(within Interior and Kingdom Relations)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Democrats 66
Eveline Herfkens Eveline Herfkens
(born 1952)
Minister Development Cooperation
(within Foreign Affairs)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Undersecretaries Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Gijs de Vries
(born 1956)
Undersecretary Netherlands Antilles and Aruba Affairs,
Disaster Management
(within Interior and Kingdom Relations)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Dick Benschop Dick Benschop
(born 1957)
Undersecretary European Affairs, Environmental Policy
(within Foreign Affairs)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Willem Vermeend
(born 1948)
Undersecretary Fiscal Affairs, Lower Governmental Finances
(within Finance)
22 August 1994 –
24 March 2000
[Appt]
Labour Party
Wouter Bos Wouter Bos
(born 1963)
24 March 2000 –
22 July 2002
Job Cohen Job Cohen
(born 1947)
Undersecretary Family Law, Youth Justice, Reorganization,
Immigration and Asylum Affairs
(within Justice)
3 August 1998 –
1 January 2001
[Appt]
Labour Party
Ella Kalsbeek Ella Kalsbeek
(born 1955)
1 January 2001 –
22 July 2002
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Gerrit Ybema
(1945–2012)
Undersecretary Foreign Trade, Regional Development, Retail,
Tourism, Consumer Policy
(within Economic Affairs)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Democrats 66
Henk van Hoof Henk van Hoof
(born 1947)
Undersecretary Military Personnel, Military Equipment, Military Budget
(within Defence)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Margo Vliegenthart Margo Vliegenthart
(born 1958)
Undersecretary Nursing and Care, Welfare, Elderly Policy,
Youth Policy, Disability Policy, Sport
(within Health, Welfare and Sport)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Karin Adelmund Karin Adelmund
(1949–2005)
Undersecretary Elementary Education, Secondary Education, Special Education
(within Education, Culture and Science)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Rick van der Ploeg Rick van der Ploeg
(born 1956)
Undersecretary Culture, Arts, Public Broadcasting
(within Education, Culture and Science)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Monique de Vries Monique de Vries
(born 1947)
Undersecretary Water Policy, Communications
(within Transport, Public Works and Water Management)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Geke Faber Geke Faber
(born 1952)
Undersecretary Nature, Fisheries, Food Quality
(within Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Hans Hoogervorsts Hans Hoogervorst
(born 1956)
Undersecretary Long-term Unemployment, Health and Safety
(within Social Affairs and Employment)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Annelies Verstand
(born 1949)
Undersecretary Equality, Poverty
(within Social Affairs and Employment)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
Democrats 66
Johan Remkes Johan Remkes
(born 1951)
Undersecretary Housing, Suburban Policy
(within Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Source: (Dutch) Kabinet-Kok II Rijksoverheid
Appt Appointment: De Vries appointed as Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations. Vermeend appointed as Minister of Social Affairs and Employment. Cohen selected as Mayor of Amsterdam
Res Resigned.
Ad interim Van Boxtel served ad interim following the resignation of Peper.

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