Secretariat for the Economy
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Pope Francis established the secretariat in a motu proprio, Fidelis dispensator et prudens, published on 24 February 2014. It is headed by a prefect–originally a cardinal–who reports directly to the Pope. It is, after the Secretariat of State, the second dicastery named a secretariat, an indication of its importance relative to other parts of the Curia. The seat of the secretariat is in Saint John's Tower in the Vatican Gardens.
Cardinal George Pell, Archbishop of Sydney, was named the secretariat's first Prefect and "asked to start work as soon as possible". Pell said he would begin work at the Vatican "by the end of March." The Pope also announced the formation of a Council for the Economy to set policy guidelines for the secretariat and analyze its work. The council comprises eight cardinals or bishops and seven lay persons "with strong professional financial experience," chosen so that the body represents the global church. These members were named on 8 March. The council was headed by a Cardinal Reinhard Marx as coordinator. On 5 June 2015, Pope Francis appointed Libero Milone as Auditor General.
A meeting of the Council for the Economy was held in September 2014 to discuss the statutes of the new secretariat. The Council also discussed the transfer of responsibilities from the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See to the Secretariat for the Economy and the criteria for establishing a budgeting system.
On 3 March 2014, Pope Francis appointed Monsignor Alfred Xuereb as the first General Secretary of the Secretariat. Xuereb later left this post in February 2018. On 22 March, Pope Francis appointed Monsignor Brian Ferme, an Australian-born jurist and head of the St. Pius X Faculty of Canon Law in Venice, as the first Prelate Secretary of the Council that oversees the Secretariat.
In a motu proprio issued on 9 July 2014 the responsibilities of the Secretariat for the Economy were extended considerably, since it decreed that the Ordinary Section of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See (APSA) is to be transferred to the Secretariat, giving the latter control over purchasing and human resources.
Both the Secretariat and Council were given formal status in February 2015.
Members of the Secretariat include:
- Luigi Misto, Acting Prefect
- Reinhard Marx, Coordinator
- Joseph F. X. Zahra, Vice-Coordinator
- Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne, Member
- Daniel DiNardo, Member
- Wilfrid Napier, Member
- Jean-Pierre Ricard, Member
- Norberto Rivera Carrera, Member
- John Tong Hon, Member
- George Pell (24 February 2014 – 24 February 2019), on leave of absence from 29 June 2017
- Juan Antonio Guerrero Alves, SJ, (appointed 14 November 2019, effective 1 January 2020 – present)
- "New Coordination Structure for the Economic and Administrative Affairs of the Holy See and Vatican City State". Holy See Press Office. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- Reese, Thomas (24 February 2014). "Cardinal Pell is new Vatican financial watchdog". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
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- Andrea Gagliarducci (3 March 2014). "Pope Francis observes, judges, and acts. And begins establishing a parallel Curia". MondayVatican. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
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- "Commento al Comunicato sulla Nomina dei Membri del Comnsiglio per l'Economia del Derettore della Sala Stampa, Rev.Do P. Federico Lombardi, S.I., 08.03.2014" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
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- "Rinunce e nomine, 05.06.2015" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
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- Tornielli, Andrea (3 March 2014). "Francis appoints Fr. Xuereb as secretary general of the Vatican's new economy secretariat". Vatican Insider. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- Tornielli, Andrea (23 February 2018). "Two new nuncios from the Roman Curia, Xuereb leaves the Secretariat for the Economy". La Stampa. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- Mickens, Robert. "Vatican's New Finance Expert is a Man of Myster". Global pulse magazine. Archived from the original on 13 September 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- "New Economic Framework for the Holy See". Vatican Information Service. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- John L. Allen Jr. (9 July 2014). "After scandals, Vatican aims to be model on finances". Boston Globe. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Cardinal Pell's Vatican economy office gets new statutes
- "Cardinal Pell no longer prefect of Vatican's economy secretariat". Catholic News Agency. 26 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- "Comunicato della Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 29.06.2017" (Press release) (in Italian). Vatican Press Office. 29 June 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- "Rinunce e nomine, 14.11.2019" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 14 November 2019.