Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (Mexico)

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SEMARNAT Logo 2019.svg

The Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (in Spanish: Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, SEMARNAT) is Mexico's environment ministry. Its head, the Secretary of the Environment and Natural Resources, is a member of the federal executive cabinet and is appointed by the President of Mexico. In September 2020, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador appointed María Luisa Albores González as Secretary of the Environment and Natural Resources, the third person to occupy the post since López Obrador became President less than two years earlier in December 2018.

The Secretariat is charged with the mission of protecting, restoring, and conserving the ecosystems, natural resources, assets and environmental services of Mexico with the goal of fostering sustainable development.


The Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources of México is the Secretary of State to which, according to Law of Federal Public Administration in its Article 32a, corresponds to the release of the following functions:

  • Promote the protection, restoration and conservation of ecosystems, natural resources, goods and environmental services, to help monitor their use and ensure sustainable development.
  • Develop and implement a national policy on natural resources, in such that the administration of such policy is not borne by state and local governments, nor by individuals and corporations.
  • Promote environmental management within the national territory, in coordination with federal, state and municipal governments, and with participation from the private sector.
  • Evaluate and providencie determination to the environmental impact statements for development projects submitted for public, social and private decision on the environmental risk studies, as well as programs for the prevention of accidents with ecological impact.
  • Implement national policies on climate change and protection of the ozone layer.
  • Direct work and studies on national meteorological, climatological, hydrological and geohydrological systems, and participate in international conventions on these subjects.
  • Regulate and monitor the conservation of streams, lakes and lagoons of federal jurisdiction in protected watersheds, and protect the environment.

To carry out these functions, the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources has the following Undersecretaries:

  • Undersecretary of Planning and Environmental Policy
  • Undersecretary for Environmental Protection Management
  • Undersecretary of Environmental Regulation
  • Undersecretary of Finance of Mexico

These Undersecretaries are then charged with the operation of the following units of the SEMARNAT:

List of Secretaries[edit]

Secretary Years of Appointment
Secretariat of Fisheries (SEPESCA)
Fernando Rafful Miguel 1982
Pedro Ojeda Paullada 1982–1988
María de los Angeles Moreno 1988–1991
Guillermo Jiménez Morales 1991–1994
Secretariat of the Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries (SEMARNAP)
Julia Carabias Lillo 1994–2000
Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)
Víctor Lichtinger December 1, 2000 – June 23, 2003
Alberto Cárdenas Jiménez[1] June 23, 2003 – 2005
José Luis Luege Tamargo 2005–November 30, 2006
Juan Rafael Elvira Quezada[2] December 1, 2006 – November 30, 2012
Juan José Guerra Abud December 1, 2012 – August 27, 2015
Rafael Pacchiano Alamán August 27, 2015 – November 30, 2018
Josefa González Blanco Ortiz Mena December 1, 2018 – May 25, 2019
Víctor Manuel Toledo May 27, 2019 — September 2, 2020[3]
María Luisa Albores September 2, 2020 – present[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Perfil: Alberto Cárdenas Jiménez" (in Spanish). El Universal. 24 Nov 2006. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
  2. ^ "Este fue el gabinete de Felipe Calderón". (in Spanish). Capital México. Feb 6, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  3. ^ "Víctor Manuel Toledo, el nuevo titular de la Semarnat: AMLO" [Víctor Manuel Toledo, new head of Semarnat: AMLO], El Sol de Mexico (in Spanish), May 27, 2019, retrieved Sep 21, 2019
  4. ^ Diana Benítez (Sep 2, 2020). "AMLO alista decreto para prohibir glifosato; oficializa salida de Víctor Toledo" [AMLO enlists decree to ban glyphosate; official departure from Victor Toledo]. 24 Horas (in Spanish). Retrieved Sep 2, 2020.

External links[edit]