Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party

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Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
General SecretaryXi Jinping
First SecretaryCai Qi
Elected byCentral Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
Responsible to Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party
Meeting place
Qinzheng Hall, Zhongnanhai
Beijing, China[1]
Central Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party
Simplified Chinese中国共产党中央书记处
Traditional Chinese中國共產黨中央書記處
Literal meaningChina Communist Party Central Secretariat
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese书记处
Literal meaningSecretariat

The Central Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party, officially, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China,[2] is a body serving the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party and its Standing Committee. The secretariat is mainly responsible for carrying out routine operations of the Politburo and the coordination of organizations and stakeholders to achieve tasks as set out by the Politburo. It is empowered by the Politburo to make routine day-to-day decisions on issues of concern in accordance with the decisions of the Politburo, but it must consult the Politburo on substantive matters. The de facto head of the Secretariat is First Secretary.

The secretariat was set up in January 1934. It is nominally headed by the CCP general secretary, though the position of "General Secretary" was not always one and the same as the top party leader.[citation needed] Secretaries of the secretariat (Shujichu Shuji) are considered some of the most important political positions in the Communist Party and in contemporary China, more generally. Each secretary of the secretariat is generally in charge of one of the major party departments directly under the jurisdiction of the Central Committee. By protocol, its members are ranked above the vice chairmen of the National People's Congress as well as State Councilors.[citation needed] The General Secretary presides over the work of the secretariat.[citation needed]


The Secretariat of the Central Committee was formed in January 1934 at the 5th Plenary Session of the 6th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, which was held in Shanghai.[3] On March 20, 1943, the Politburo, in a joint decision, decreed that the secretariat will be responsible for carrying out the work of the Politburo according to the general policy framework determined by the Politburo, and that it is vested with the power to make decisions within this general framework.

In 1956, the party created the position of the "General Secretary" to head its secretariat. The position is not that of the foremost leader in the party, which, at the time, was the "Chairman of the Central Committee". Rather, the general secretary was in charge of carrying out the day-to-day work of the Communist Party's Politburo. Its inaugural general secretary was Deng Xiaoping, with prominent political figures such as Peng Zhen and Tan Zhenlin being secretaries.[citation needed]

During the Cultural Revolution, the post of general secretary as well as the secretariat itself completely ceased to function. Beginning at the 9th Party Congress, party documents made no mention of the secretariat. The body was restored after the Cultural Revolution in February 1980, with Hu Yaobang occupying the position of first-ranked secretary, which is analogous to the position formerly called the "General Secretary". Since its reinstatement, the composition of the secretariat has varied between 6 and 12 members. Wan Li, Hu Qili, Hu Jintao, Zeng Qinghong, Xi Jinping, and Liu Yunshan have all successively held the position of the first-ranked Secretary of the secretariat.[citation needed]

The secretaries of the secretariat are ranked highly in the order of precedence among "Party and State Leaders". The secretaries rank under the Politburo, but ranks above the Vice-chairpersons of the National People's Congress Standing Committee.[citation needed]

List of First Secretaries[edit]

First Secretaries of the CCP Central Committee's Secretariat
No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration Electoral term BY PM Birthplace
General Secretary of the Central Committee's Secretariat
1 DengXiaoping.jpg Deng Xiaoping 28 September 1956 23 August 1966 9 years and 329 days 8th CC
1904 1924 Guang'an, Sichuan
Standing Secretary of the Central Committee's Secretariat
- F200712251046402986833271.jpg Tao Zhu 23 May 1966 4 January 1967 226 days 8th CC
1908 1926 Qiyang, Hunan
General Secretary of the Central Committee's Secretariat
2 Hu Yaobang (cropped).jpg Hu Yaobang 29 February 1980 12 September 1982 2 years and 196 days 11th CC
1915 1933 Liuyang, Hunan
First Secretary of the Central Committee's Secretariat
Hu Qili 24 September 1985 24 June 1989 3 years and 273 days 12th CC
13th CC
1929 1948 Yulin, Shaanxi
Qiao Shi 24 June 1989 19 October 1992 3 years and 117 days 13th CC
1924 1940 Shanghai
5 Hu Jintao 2012.jpg Hu Jintao 19 October 1992 15 November 2002 10 years and 27 days 14th CC
15th CC
1942 1964 Taizhou, Jiangsu
6 Zeng Qinghong in 2000.jpg Zeng Qinghong 15 November 2002 22 October 2007 4 years and 341 days 16th CC
1939 1960 Ji'an, Jiangxi
7 Xi Jinping 2019.jpg Xi Jinping 22 October 2007 15 November 2012 5 years and 24 days 17th CC
1953 1974 Beijing
8 Liu-Yunshan.png Liu Yunshan 15 November 2012 25 October 2017 4 years and 344 days 18th CC
1947 1971 Salaqi County, Suiyuan
9 王沪宁 Wang Huning 20221023.jpg Wang Huning 25 October 2017 23 October 2022 4 years and 363 days 19th CC
1955 1984 Shanghai
10 蔡奇 Cai Qi 20221023.jpg Cai Qi 23 October 2022 Incumbent 217 days 20th CC
(2022– )
1955 1975 Youxi County, Fujian

List of secretaries[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Su, Weimin. "十一屆三中全會后的中南海". Archived from the original on 13 October 2022. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Officials, experts mark CPC centenary with theoretical seminar". Xinhua. Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  3. ^ "中共第六届历次中央全会". People's Daily.