Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

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Secretary of State
for Work and Pensions
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Official portrait of Rt Hon Mel Stride MP.jpg
Incumbent
Mel Stride
since 25 October 2022
Department for Work and Pensions
StyleWork and Pensions Secretary
(informal)
The Right Honourable
(UK and the Commonwealth)
StatusSecretary of State
Minister of the Crown
Member ofCabinet
Privy Council
Reports toThe Prime Minister
SeatWestminster
AppointerThe Crown
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthAt His Majesty's Pleasure
Formation10 December 1916
First holderGeorge Barnes
DeputyMinister of State for Employment
Websitewww.dwp.gov.uk

The secretary of state for work and pensions, also referred to as the work and pensions secretary, is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, with overall responsibility for the business of the Department for Work and Pensions.[1] The incumbent is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

The office holder works alongside the other Work and Pensions ministers. The corresponding shadow minister is the shadow secretary of state for work and pensions and the shadow secretary of state for the future of work. The performance of the secretary of state is also scrutinised by the Work and Pensions Select Committee.

The office is currently held by Mel Stride.

Responsibilities[edit]

Corresponding to what is generally known as a labour minister in many other countries, the work and pensions secretary's remit includes:

History[edit]

It was created on 8 June 2001 by the merger of the Employment division of the Department for Education and Employment and the Department of Social Security.[3]

The Ministry of Pensions was created in 1916 to handle the payment of war pensions to former members of the Armed Forces and their dependants. In 1944 a separate Ministry of National Insurance (titled the Ministry of Social Insurance until 17 November 1944) was formed; the two merged in 1953 as the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance.[3] In 1966 the Ministry was renamed the Ministry of Social Security, but this was short-lived, as the Ministry merged with the Ministry of Health in 1968 to form the Department of Health and Social Security. Confusingly, the Secretary of State responsible for this Department was titled the Secretary of State for Social Services. The Department was de-merged in 1988, creating the separate Department of Health and Department of Social Security.

List of Ministers and Secretaries of state[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Labour /   Conservative /   Liberal /   National Labour /   National Independent

Minister of Pensions (1916–1953)[edit]

Minister Term of office Political party Prime Minister
George Nicoll Barnes.png George Nicoll Barnes 10 December 1916 17 August 1917 Labour David Lloyd George
(Coalition)
John Hodge.JPG John Hodge 17 August 1917 10 January 1919 Labour
Blank.png Laming Worthington-Evans| 10 January 1919 2 April 1920 Conservative
Blank.png Ian Macpherson 2 April 1920 19 October 1922 Liberal
Blank.png George Tryon 31 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Blank.png Frederick Roberts 23 January 1924 3 November 1924 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Blank.png George Tryon 11 November 1924 4 June 1929 Conservative Stanley Baldwin
Blank.png Frederick Roberts 7 June 1929 24 August 1931 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Blank.png George Tryon 3 September 1931 18 June 1935 Conservative Ramsay MacDonald
(1st & 2nd National Min.)
Blank.png Robert Hudson 18 June 1935 30 July 1936 Conservative Stanley Baldwin
(3rd National Min.)
Blank.png Herwald Ramsbotham 30 July 1936 7 June 1939 Conservative
Neville Chamberlain
(4th Nat.Min.; War Coalition)
Blank.png Walter Womersley 7 June 1939 26 July 1945 Conservative
Winston Churchill
(War Coalition; Caretaker Min.)
Blank.png Wilfred Paling 3 August 1945 17 April 1947 Labour Clement Attlee
Blank.png John Burns Hynd 17 April 1947 7 October 1947 Labour
Blank.png George Buchanan 7 October 1947 2 July 1948 Labour
Blank.png Hilary Marquand 2 July 1948 17 January 1951 Labour
Blank.png George Isaacs 17 January 1951 26 October 1951 Labour
Blank.png Derick Heathcoat-Amory 5 November 1951 3 September 1953 Conservative Winston Churchill

Minister of Social Insurance/National Insurance (1944–1953)[edit]

Minister Term of office Political party Prime Minister
William Jowitt.png William Jowitt 8 October 1944 23 May 1945 Labour Winston Churchill
(War Coalition)
Blank.png Leslie Hore-Belisha 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 National Independent Winston Churchill
(Caretaker Min.)
Blank.png Jim Griffiths 4 August 1945 28 February 1950 Labour Clement Attlee
Blank.png Edith Summerskill 28 February 1950 26 October 1951 Labour
Blank.png Osbert Peake 31 October 1951 3 September 1953 Conservative Winston Churchill
Posts of Minister of Pensions and Minister of National Insurance merged in 1953.

Minister of Pensions and National Insurance (1953–1966)[edit]

Minister Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Blank.png Osbert Peake 3 September 1953 20 December 1955 Conservative Winston Churchill
Anthony Eden
Blank.png John Boyd-Carpenter 20 December 1955 16 July 1962 Conservative
Harold Macmillan
Blank.png Niall Macpherson 16 July 1962 21 October 1963 Conservative
Blank.png Richard Wood 21 October 1963 16 October 1964 Conservative Alec Douglas-Home
Margaret Herbison 18 October 1964 6 August 1966 Labour Harold Wilson

Minister of Social Security (1966–1968)[edit]

Minister Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Margaret Herbison 6 August 1966 26 July 1967 Labour Harold Wilson
Blank.png Judith Hart 26 July 1967 1 November 1968 Labour

Secretary of State for Health and Social Services (1968–1988)[edit]

Secretary of State Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Blank.png Richard Crossman 1 November 1968 19 June 1970 Labour Harold Wilson
Blank.png Keith Joseph 20 June 1970 4 March 1974 Conservative Edward Heath
Mme Barbara Castle, Ministre britannique du développement outre-mer.jpg Barbara Castle 5 March 1974 8 April 1976 Labour Harold Wilson
Blank.png David Ennals 8 April 1976 4 May 1979 Labour James Callaghan
Blank.png Patrick Jenkin[4] 5 May 1979 13 September 1981 Conservative Margaret Thatcher
Blank.png Norman Fowler[5] 14 September 1981 13 June 1987 Conservative
Blank.png John Moore[6] 13 June 1987 24 July 1988 Conservative
Post split into the Secretary of State for Social Security and the Secretary of State for Health in 1988.

Secretary of State for Social Security (1988–2001)[edit]

Secretary of State Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Mr John Moore M.P. addressing the Annual LSE Society Dinner, 5th June, 1985.jpg John Moore[6] 25 July 1988 22 July 1989 Conservative Margaret Thatcher
Tony Newton 1995.png Tony Newton[7] 23 July 1989 9 April 1992 Conservative
John Major
Official portrait of Lord Lilley, 2022.jpg Peter Lilley[8] 10 April 1992 1 May 1997 Conservative
Official portrait of Rt Hon Harriet Harman QC MP crop 2.jpg Harriet Harman[9] 1 May 1997 27 July 1998 Labour Tony Blair
AlistairDarlingABr cropped.jpg Alistair Darling[10] 27 July 1998 8 June 2001 Labour

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (2001–present)[edit]

Secretary of State Term of office Political party Prime Minister
AlistairDarlingABr cropped.jpg Alistair Darling[10] 8 June 2001 29 May 2002 Labour Tony Blair
Andrew Smith MP 20050127.jpg Andrew Smith[11] 29 May 2002 8 September 2004 Labour
Alan Johnson MP.jpg Alan Johnson[12] 8 September 2004 6 May 2005 Labour
Official Portrait of Lord Blunkett crop 1.jpg David Blunkett[13] 6 May 2005 2 November 2005 Labour
Msc 2009-Sunday, 11.00 - 12.30 Uhr-Zwez 005 Hutton detail.jpg John Hutton[14] 2 November 2005 28 June 2007 Labour
Official portrait of Lord Hain crop 2, 2019.jpg Peter Hain[15] 28 June 2007 24 January 2008 Labour Gordon Brown
James Purnell Ministerial portrait.jpg James Purnell[16]
MP for Stalybridge and Hyde
24 January 2008 5 June 2009 Labour
Official portrait of Rt Hon Yvette Cooper MP crop 2.jpg Yvette Cooper[17]
MP for Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford
6 June 2009 6 May 2010 Labour
Official portrait of Sir Iain Duncan Smith MP crop 2.jpg Iain Duncan Smith[18]
MP for Chingford and Woodford Green
12 May 2010 18 March 2016 Conservative David Cameron
(Coalition)
Duncan Smith's tenure David Cameron
(II)
Official portrait of Rt Hon Stephen Crabb MP crop 2.jpg Stephen Crabb[19]
MP for Preseli Pembrokeshire
19 March 2016 14 July 2016 Conservative
Official portrait of Rt Hon Damian Green MP crop 2.jpg Damian Green[20]
MP for Ashford
14 July 2016 11 June 2017 Conservative Theresa May
(I)
Official portrait of Mr David Gauke crop 2.jpg David Gauke[21]
MP for South West Hertfordshire
11 June 2017 8 January 2018 Conservative Theresa May
(II)
Official portrait of Esther McVey crop 2.jpg Esther McVey[22]
MP for Tatton
8 January 2018 15 November 2018 Conservative
Official portrait of Amber Rudd crop 2.jpg Amber Rudd[23]
MP for Hastings and Rye
16 November 2018 7 September 2019 Conservative
Boris Johnson
(I)
Official portrait of Dr Thérèse Coffey crop 2.jpg Thérèse Coffey[24]
MP for Coastal Suffolk
8 September 2019 6 September 2022 Conservative
Boris Johnson
(II)
Official portrait of Chloe Smith MP crop 2.jpg Chloe Smith[25]
MP for Norwich North
6 September 2022 25 October 2022 Conservative Liz Truss
(I)
Official portrait of Rt Hon Mel Stride MP crop 2.jpg Mel Stride
MP for Central Devon
25 October 2022 Incumbent Conservative Rishi Sunak
(I)

* Incumbent's length of term last updated: 27 January 2023.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Secretary of State for Work and Pensions". gov.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Secretary of State for Work and Pensions - GOV.UK".
  3. ^ a b Department for Work and Pensions. "A century of support: Department for Work and Pensions turns 100 years old". Department for Work and Pensions. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Lord Jenkin of Roding". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Lord Fowler". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Lord Moore of Lower Marsh". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Lord Newton of Braintree". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Lord Lilley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Rt Hon Harriet Harman QC MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Lord Darling of Roulanish". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Rt Hon Andrew Smith". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Rt Hon Alan Johnson". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Lord Blunkett". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Lord Hutton of Furness". UK Parliament. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Lord Hain". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  16. ^ "James Purnell". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  17. ^ "Rt Hon Yvette Cooper MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  18. ^ "Rt Hon Sir Iain Duncan Smith MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  19. ^ "Rt Hon Stephen Crabb MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  20. ^ "Rt Hon Damian Green MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  21. ^ "Rt Hon David Gauke". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  22. ^ "Rt Hon Esther McVey MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  23. ^ "Rt Hon Amber Rudd". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  24. ^ "Rt Hon Dr Thérèse Coffey MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  25. ^ "Chloe Smith MP". Retrieved 6 September 2022.