Secretary of State of Florida
|Secretary of State of Florida|
|Inaugural holder||James T. Archer|
Like the corresponding officials in other states, the original charge of the secretary of state—to be the "Keeper of the Great Seal"—has expanded greatly since the office was first created. According to the state website, "Today, the Secretary of State is Florida's Chief of Elections, Chief Cultural Officer, the State Protocol Officer and the head of the Department of State."
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politics and government of
During the territorial period of Florida, the secretary of the territory was one of two major appointed positions within the executive department of the territory. Like the governor, the secretary was originally appointed by the president of the United States and confirmed by Congress. The job of the secretary was similar to that of a modern-day lieutenant governor, assuming administrative responsibilities of the territory in the absence of the governor. For example, the first secretary of the territory George Walton served as Acting Governor of the Territory until William P. Duval assumed office later that year. Walton was the first civilian to act in this capacity following the American acquisition of Florida.
The modern-day Department of State and the position of Secretary of State dates to 1845, when Florida achieved statehood. Originally, the secretary of state of Florida was elected by the people of the state in a general election. However, in 1998, constitutional changes removed the secretary of state from the elected Cabinet of the executive branch. That year, Katherine Harris won the last election for secretary of state.
List of secretaries of the Territory of Florida
|#||Name||Term of Service|
|2||William M. McCarty||1827–1829|
|4||George K. Walker||1834–1835|
|5||John P. Duval||1837–1839|
|7||Thomas H. Duval||1841–1845|
List of secretaries of the State of Florida
|Party||Secretaries of State|
|#||Name||Term of Service||Political Party|
|1||James T. Archer||1845–1848||Democratic|
|3||Charles W. Downing, Jr.||1849–1853||Whig|
|4||Frederick L. Villepigue||1853–1863||Democratic|
|5||Benjamin F. Allen||1863–1868||Democratic|
|6||George J. Alden||1868||Republican|
|7||Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs||1868–1873||Republican|
|9||William D. Bloxham||1877–1880||Democratic|
|10||Frederick W. A. Rankin, Jr.||1880–1881||Democratic|
|11||John Lovic Crawford||1881–1902||Democratic|
|12||Henry Clay Crawford||1902–1929||Democratic|
|13||William Monroe Igou||1929–1930||Democratic|
|14||Robert Andrew Gray||1930–1961||Democratic|
|15||Thomas Burton Adams, Jr.||1961–1971||Democratic|
|16||Richard B. Stone||1971–1974||Democratic|
|19||Jesse J. McCrary, Jr.||1978–1979||Democratic|
|21||James C. Smith||1987–1995||Republican|
|24||James C. Smith||2002–2003||Republican|
|27||David E. Mann||2005||Republican|
|28||Sue M. Cobb||2005–2007||Republican|
|29||Kurt S. Browning||2007–2010||Republican|
|30||Dawn K. Roberts||2010–2011||Republican|
|32||Kurt S. Browning||2011–2012||Republican|
|36||Laurel M. Lee||2019–present||Republican|
- Starting in 2003, the Florida Secretary of State was no longer an elective position. Rather, Secretaries of State are now appointed directly by the Governor of Florida.
- "Florida Department of State website". 2007. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- "State and Local Government-Florida Executive Branch". The Green Papers. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Florida Legislature website: Florida Constitution". Leg.state.fl.us. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Florida Secretary of State". Our Campaigns.com. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Glenda Hood Steps Down as Secretary of State". Office of Secretary of State. November 1, 2005. Retrieved August 18, 2011.