Section 123 Agreement

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Section 123 of the United States Atomic Energy Act of 1954, titled "Cooperation With Other Nations", establishes an agreement for cooperation as a prerequisite for nuclear deals between the US and any other nation.[1][2] Such an agreement is called a 123 Agreement.[3] To date, the U.S. has entered into roughly twenty-three 123 Agreements with 48 countries.[4] Countries with which the U.S. has or had or is working towards having a 123 Agreement include:



  1. ^ "NUREG0980 Vol.1,No.6 - Nuclear Regulatory Legislation" (PDF). Retrieved June 2002. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ Kerr, Paul K.; Nikitin, Mary Beth D. (December 27, 2016). Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer (PDF). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. ^ Nuclear Nonproliferation Issue, Issue Brief for Congress, May 10, 2002.
  4. ^ "123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation". National Nuclear Security Administration.
  5. ^ "NRC: SECY-01-0033 - Proposed Renewal of the Section 123 Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation with Morocco". Retrieved 2001-03-02.
  6. ^ "NRC: SECY-98-62 - Proposed Section 123 Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation with Ukraine". Retrieved 1998-04-01. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation, NNSA
  8. ^ a b c "Long haul ahead". Retrieved 2007-06-29.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-01. Retrieved 2008-09-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Statement on U.S.-Russia 123 Agreement". Retrieved 2008-09-09.
  11. ^ UAE Embassy, Press Release, December 17, 2009
  12. ^ State Department, November 10, 2008
  13. ^ "NRC: SECY-98-006 - Proposed Agreement for Cooperation Between the U.S. and Romania". Archived from the original on November 18, 2004. Retrieved 1998-01-12. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

External links[edit]

123 Agreement With India

123 Agreement With UAE