Section 31 (Star Trek)
|Type||Autonomous intelligence and counter-intelligence agency|
|Founded||Prior to 2151|
|Location||Alpha and Beta Quadrants|
|Purpose||Defend the United Federation of Planets by any means necessary.|
|Technologies||Classified Federation technologies|
Section 31, in the fictional universe of Star Trek, is an autonomous intelligence and defense organization that carries out covert operations for the United Federation of Planets. Created by Ira Steven Behr for the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Inquisition", the organization was intended to act as a counterbalance to the utopian portrayal of the Federation.
Ira Steven Behr was inspired by a line of dialogue from Deep Space Nine episode "The Maquis" spoken by Commander Benjamin Sisko: "It's easy to be a saint in paradise." Behr said in the 1999 reference companion to the series, "Why is Earth a paradise in the twenty-fourth century? Well, maybe it's because there's someone watching over it and doing the nasty stuff that no one wants to think about.":551 He expressed an interest of exploring what life was really like for those living the fictional 24th century, saying "Is it this paradise, or are there, as Harold Pinter said, 'Weasels under the coffee table'."
The name, Section 31, is explained in the story as being taken from the fictional Starfleet Charter: Article 14, Section 31. The article, according to agents, allowed for extraordinary measures to be taken in times of extreme threat. Such measures included malicious sabotage of enemy installations and technology, biological warfare, and preemptive assassination.
Costume designer Bob Blackman chose the black leather costumes worn by Section 31 agents to appear fascistic.:53 Behr had asked for dark black, severe, hostile looking costumes. In Star Trek: The Human Frontier, Michèle and Duncan Barrett explain that Section 31 agents not wearing Starfleet uniforms or dressed as Federation citizens further enhanced their role as an organization that is not constrained by ethics.
Writer David Weddle said many fans felt Section 31 betrayed the value system created by Gene Roddenberry, while others were indifferent or intrigued. "Fans would get into these long ethical and political arguments, really struggling with issues like that, which was great to see.":56 Moore replied to criticisms of betrayal saying, "The idea that there's a rogue element within the Federation doing dark deeds outside the normal chain of command is certainly a provocative one."
In order of appearance:
- ‡ First appearance as a Section 31 operative.
- κ Characters present in the Kelvin Timeline films.
|William Sadler||Luther Sloan||Deep Space Nine||"Inquisition"|
|Dominic Keating||Malcolm Reed||Enterprise|
|Eric Pierpoint||Harris||Enterprise||"Affliction" ‡|
|Noel Clarke||Thomas Harewood κ||Into Darkness ‡|
|Benedict Cumberbatch||John Harrison κ||Into Darkness ‡|
|Peter Weller||Alexander Marcus κ||Into Darkness ‡|
|Shazad Latif||Ash Tyler (human) / Voq (Klingon)||Discovery|
|Michelle Yeoh||Philippa Georgiou (alternate)||Discovery|
|Jayne Brook||Katrina Cornwell||Discovery|
|Alan van Sprang||Leland||Discovery||"Will You Take My Hand?" ‡ (bonus scene)|
|Control (artificial intelligence)||Discovery||"If Memory Serves"|
|Tara Nicodemo||Patar (Vulcan)||Discovery||"If Memory Serves"|
|Sonja Sohn||Gabrielle Burnham / Red Angel||Discovery||"The Red Angel"|
Deep Space Nine (1998–99)
- Star Trek Into Darkness (2013)
- "Will You Take My Hand?" (bonus scene)
- "Point of Light"
- "Saints of Imperfection"
- "The Sounds of Thunder"
- "Light and Shadows"
- "If Memory Serves"
- "Project Daedalus"
- "The Red Angel"
- "Perpetual Infinity"
- "Through the Valley of Shadows"
- "Such Sweet Sorrow"
- "Such Sweet Sorrow, Part 2"
Lower Decks (2020)
- "Envoys" (references to Section 31)
|All novels published as paperback editions.|
Book line or flagship series name.
Section 31 characters and settings appear in the following novels:
|What You Leave Behind (novelization)
(Deep Space Nine)
|Diane Carey||June 1999||0-671-03476-6|
(Deep Space Nine)
|Una McCormack||April 26, 2005||0-7434-9151-3|
|The Future Begins
(What's Past, Book 2)
(Corps of Engineers, No. 62)
|Steve Mollmann and Michael Schuster||April 1, 2006||1-4165-2046-5|
|A Ceremony of Losses
(The Fall, Book 3)
|David Mack||October 29, 2013||978-1-4767-2224-5|
|Elusive Salvation||Dayton Ward||April 26, 2016||978-1-5011-1129-7|
Section 31 crossover (2001–2017)
Star Trek: Section 31 is a crossover miniseries of thematically linked novels featuring Section 31. The series was relaunched in 2014 as part of the Deep Space Nine book line.
(The Next Generation)
|Andy Mangels and Michael A. Martin||May 22, 2001||0-671-77477-8|
|Dean Wesley Smith and Kristine Kathryn Rusch||0-671-77478-6|
|S. D. Perry||June 26, 2001||0-671-77471-9|
(Deep Space Nine)
|David Weddle and Jeffrey Lang||0-671-77483-2|
Next Generation (2004–2019)
The following Star Trek: The Next Generation novels include Section 31 characters:
|A Time to Kill
(A Time to..., Book 7)
|David Mack||July 27, 2004||0-7434-9177-7|
|A Time to Heal
(A Time to..., Book 8)
|August 31, 2004||0-7434-9178-5|
|Collateral Damage||David Mack||October 8, 2019||978-1-9821-1358-2|
The following Star Trek: Enterprise novels include Section 31 characters:
|The Good That Men Do||Andy Mangels and Michael A. Martin||February 27, 2007||978-0-7434-4001-1|
|Kobayashi Maru||August 26, 2008||978-1-4165-5480-6|
|Beneath the Raptor's Wing
(The Romulan War)
|Michael A. Martin||October 20, 2009||978-1-4391-0798-0|
|To Brave the Storm
(The Romulan War)
|October 25, 2011||978-1-4516-0715-4|
|A Choice of Futures
(Rise of the Federation)
|Christopher L. Bennett||June 25, 2013||978-1-4767-0674-0|
|Patterns of Interference
(Rise of the Federation)
|August 29, 2017||978-1-5011-6570-2|
Typhon Pact (2010–2012)
|1||Zero Sum Game||David Mack||October 26, 2010||978-1-4391-6079-4|
|6||Plagues of Night||David R. George III||May 29, 2013||978-1-4516-4955-0|
|7||Raise the Dawn||June 26, 2012||978-1-4516-4956-7|
Section 31 relaunch (2014–2017)
|Disavowed||David Mack||October 28, 2014||978-1-4767-5308-9|
|Control||March 28, 2017||978-1-5011-5170-5|
All graphic novels and comics published by IDW Publishing.
|The Space Between, Vol. 1
(The Next Generation)
|September 25, 2007||978-1-60010-116-8||"An Inconvenient Truth" (Part 6)|
|Year Four: The Enterprise Experiment, Vol. 1||November 18, 2008||978-1-60010-279-0||Part 5|
|Mission's End, Vol. 1||November 3, 2009||978-1-60010-540-1||Parts 1 – 5|
|Star Trek, Vol. 3||November 27, 2012||978-1-61377-515-8||The Return of the Archons, Part 1|
|Star Trek, Vol. 6||November 26, 2013||978-1-61377-796-1||After Darkness, Parts 1 – 3|
|Star Trek, Vol. 7||April 1, 2014||978-1-61377-882-1||The Khitomer Conflict, Parts 1 – 4|
|Khan, Vol. 1||June 3, 2014||978-1-61377-895-1||Parts 1, 4 – 5|
Star Trek Online (2010–2015)
Star Trek Online is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game developed by Cryptic Studios. The game has continued to receive updates which are organized into episodes containing five to seven missions each. All Section 31 missions are introduced by Franklin Drake, a character created for the game.
|"Cardassian Struggle"||Suspect (removed)||February 2, 2010 – October 27, 2015|
|"Specters"||Skirmish (Mission 1)||October 16, 2010|
|Traelus System – Satellite Repair (locked mission)|
|Spin the Wheel (Mission 2)||October 23, 2010|
|What Lies Beneath (Mission 3)||October 30, 2010|
|Everything Old is New (Mission 4)||November 6, 2010|
|Night of the Comet (Mission 5)||November 13, 2010|
|—||Hearts and Minds (special mission)||April 12, 2012|
|"Romulan Mystery"||Empress Sela (Mission 2)||January 29, 2015|
- Barrett, Michèle; Barrett, Duncan (2000-12-13). Star Trek: The Human Frontier. New York: Routledge. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-0-415-92982-0.
- Erdmann, Terry J.; Block, Paula M. (August 2000). Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion. New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-671-50106-8.
- Otterson, Joe (2019-01-14). "Michelle Yeoh Standalone 'Star Trek' Series in Development at CBS All Access". Variety. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- Reeves-Stevens, Judith and Garfield (2005-02-25). "Divergence". Star Trek: Enterprise. Season 4. Episode 16. UPN.
- Thompson, Bradley; Weddle, David (1999-05-19). "Extreme Measures". Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Season 7. Episode 23. UPN.
- Moore, Ronald D. (1998-04-13). "Subject: Answers". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
- Kaplan, Anna L. (November 1998). Clark, Frederick S. (ed.). "Deep Space Nine Episode Guide". Cinefantastique. Vol. 30 no. 9/10. ISSN 0145-6032.
- "Jeffrey Combs". Star Trek: The Magazine. Vol. 1 no. 17. Fabbri Publishing. September 2000. p. 20. ISSN 1523-9195.
- "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges". Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Season 7. Episode 16. 1999-03-03. Syndicated.
- "Divergence". Star Trek: Enterprise. Season 4. Episode 14. 2005-02-25. UPN.
- "Affliction". Star Trek: Enterprise. Season 4. Episode 13. 2005-02-18. UPN.
- "The Vulcan Hello". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 1. Episode 1. 2017-09-24. CBS All Access.
- "Choose Your Pain". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 1. Episode 5. 2017-10-15. CBS All Access.
- "Point of Light". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 2. Episode 3. 2019-01-31. CBS All Access.
- "What's Past Is Prologue". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 1. Episode 13. 2018-01-28. CBS All Access.
- "Will You Take My Hand?". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 1. Episode 15. 2018-01-28. CBS All Access.
- "Saints of Imperfection". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 2. Episode 5. 2019-02-14. CBS All Access.
- "Will You Take My Hand? (bonus scene)". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 1. Episode 15. 2018-01-28. CBS All Access.
- "Project Daedalus". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 2. Episode 9. 2019-03-14. CBS All Access.
- "Perpetual Infinity". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 10. Episode 11. 2019-03-21. CBS All Access.
- "The Red Angel". Star Trek: Discovery. Season 10. Episode 10. 2019-03-21. CBS All Access.
- Ayers, Jeff (2006-11-14). Voyages of Imagination: The Star Trek Fiction Companion. New York: Pocket Books. p. 441. ISBN 978-1-4165-0349-1.
- Richelson, Jeffrey T. (July 2003). "The IPCRESS File: The Great Game in Film and Fiction, 1953-2002". International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence. 16 (3): 462–498. doi:10.1080/713830443. ISSN 0885-0607.