Security Council of Russia

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The Security Council of the Russian Federation (SCRF; Russian: Совет Безопасности Российской Федерации (СБРФ); Sovet Bezopasnosti Rossiiyskoiy Federatsii (SBRF)) is a consultative body of the Russian President that works out the President's decisions on national security affairs. Composed of key ministers and agency heads and chaired by the President of Russia, the SCRF was established to be a forum for coordinating and integrating national security policy. It is the successor of the Security Council of the USSR.

History[edit]

Since its formation, it apparently has gradually lost influence in competition with other power centers in the presidential administration. However, the June 1996 appointment of former army general and presidential candidate Alexander Lebed to head the Security Council improved prospects for the organization's standing. In July 1996, a presidential decree assigned the Security Council a wide variety of new missions. The decree's description of the Security Council's consultative functions was especially vague and wide-ranging, although it positioned the head of the Security Council directly subordinate to the president. As had been the case previously, the Security Council was required to hold meetings at least once a month.

After President Medvedev removed Yury Baluyevsky as Chief of the General Staff and appointed him to the Security Council, several Russian analysts suggested that the Security Council was a sinecure for military and security officials on their way to retirement. Its limited role also may have been indicated during the 2008 South Ossetia war, when the Security Council met on the second day of warfare, after Medvedev had already directed the engagement of Russian forces against Georgia.[1]

Role[edit]

Meeting place of the council in the Kremlin Senate in the Moscow Kremlin

The Security Council draws up crucial documents defining conceptual approaches to national security. Regular meetings of the Security Council are held according to a schedule set by the Chairman (the President of Russia); if necessary, the Council can hold extraordinary meetings. The Chairman defines the agenda and order of the day based on recommendations by the Secretary of the Security Council. The Chairman presides over meetings, while the Secretary holds working meetings with Council members on a regular basis.

It has been argued that the coordinating role defined for the Security Council in the National Security Strategy to 2020,[2] published in May 2009, represents a strengthening of its influence and importance within Russian governance under its new Secretary Nikolay Patrushev.[3]

A Presidential decree on the Security Council issued by President Medvedev in early May 2011 appeared to strengthen the role of the presidential administration in overseeing military affairs. The edict clarified that the Security Council examines issues and prepares "presidential decisions" on the "organization of defense, military organizational development, defense production, and military and military-technical cooperation of Russia with foreign states",[4] as well as the formulation and implementation of foreign policy, and the monitoring of public expenditure on defence, national security and law enforcement. The Secretary will also make proposals to the Secretary Council for coordinating the work of federal and regional executive bodies in national emergencies.[5]

Composition[edit]

As of 1 July 2017:

Permanent members
Name Post
Vladimir Putin President, Chairman of the Security Council, Chairman of the Council of the Heads of State of the CIS
Dmitry Medvedev Chairman of the Government, Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Member of the Supreme State Council of the Union State
Anton Vaino Manager of the Presidential Administration
Valentina Matviyenko Chairwoman of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly, Member of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly and Representative of the Executive Body of State Power of St. Petersburg, Chairwoman of the Council of the Interparliamentary Assembly of the CIS Member States
Vyacheslav Volodin Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly
Sergei Shoigu Minister for Defence
Sergei Lavrov Minister for Foreign Affairs
Vladimir Kolokoltsev Minister for Internal Affairs
Aleksandr Bortnikov Director of the Federal Security Service
Sergei Naryshkin Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service
Viktor Zolotov Director of the Federal National Guard Troops Service and Commander-in-chief of the Troops of the Federal National Guard Troops Service
Nikolai Patrushev Secretary of the Security Council
Non-permanent members
Name Post
Vladimir Puchkov Minister for Affairs of Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters
Aleksandr Konovalov Minister for Justice
Anton Siluanov Minister for Finance
Aleksandr Galushka Minister for Development of the Russian Far East
Valery Gerasimov Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces and First Deputy Minister for Defence
Yury Chaika Prosecutor General
Sergei Sobyanin Mayor of Moscow
Georgy Poltavchenko Governor of Saint Petersburg
Aleksandr Beglov Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the Central Federal District
Nikolai Tsukanov Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the Northwestern Federal District
Vladimir Ustinov Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the Southern Federal District
Oleg Belaventsev Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the North Caucasian Federal District
Mikhail Babich Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the Volga Federal District
Igor Kholmanskikh Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the Ural Federal District
Sergei Menyailo Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the Siberian Federal District
Yury Trutnev Plenipotentiary Representative of the President to the Far Eastern Federal District and Deputy Chairman of the Government
Yury Averyanov First Deputy Secretary of the Security Council
Rashid Nurgaliyev Deputy Secretary of the Security Council
Mikhail Popov Deputy Secretary of the Security Council
Sergei Buravlyov Deputy Secretary of the Security Council
Sergei Vakhrukov Deputy Secretary of the Security Council
Aleksandr Grebenkin Deputy Secretary of the Security Council
Aleksei Pavlov Assistant to the Secretary of the Security Council
Nail Mukhitov Assistant to the Secretary of the Security Council
Aleksandr Abelin Assistant to the Secretary of the Security Council
Aleksandr Venediktov Assistant to the Secretary of the Security Council

Secretaries of the Security Council[edit]

First Deputy Secretaries of the Security Council[edit]

Deputy Secretaries of the Security Council[edit]

Assistants to the Secretary of the Security Council[edit]

Heads of the Departments of Staff of the Security Council (current)[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]