Security Police (Japan)
The SP insignia on a SP officer's business suit.
|Jurisdiction||Government of Japan|
|Headquarters||Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department|
The Security Police (セキュリティポリス Sekyuritī Porisu?), also known as the Security Police Division (警備部警護課 Keibibu Keigoka?), is the Japanese close protection unit mandated with the responsibility of protecting domestic and foreign VIPs on Japanese soil and abroad. Its officers are known to wear the SP insignia on their suit lapel, red neckties, and pocket handkerchiefs on their suits. Its structure has been greatly influenced by the United States Secret Service.
After an assassination attempt against then American ambassador Edwin Reischauer was foiled by police in Akasaka, Tokyo in 1964, the chairman of the National Public Safety Commission decided to resign. In response, the SP was established in 1965 to protect VIPs during their time on Japanese soil.
Prior to the unit's creation, riot police were used to conduct VIP protection duties.
- Prime Minister of Japan, former and current
- Ministers of State
- President of the House of Councillors
- Speaker of the House of Representatives
- Governor of Tokyo
- Foreign VIPs such as heads of states, ambassadors, etc.
The Security Police Division is structured in the following way:
- Department Chief
- General Clerk
Section 1 is mandated to protect the Prime Minister of Japan, with Section 2 the presidents of the House of Councillors and the House of Representatives. Section 3 is known to conduct duties on guarding foreign VIPs such as ambassadors and heads of state while Section 4 are to protect the Governor of Tokyo and ex-Japanese Prime Ministers.
Potential SP candidates must serve in the police for a year with the rank of Sergeant in order to be qualified. Moreover, candidates are required to be more than 5.8 feet (173 cm) tall (for male candidates), achieve at least a third dan (rank) in at least one martial art, and have superior gunmanship.
Both male and female police officers can qualify for joining the SP.
The officers carry mostly the NPA-issued Smith & Wesson Model 37 revolver  or the SIG P230 semi-automatic pistol. Officers can also be seen armed with pistols such as the Glock 17 or Heckler & Koch P2000.
- "Security Service Help Make the Occasion Safe and Enjoyable, For Foreign People/Security". Japanese National Police Agency. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
- 各国の要人を護れ 警視庁警護課ＳＰの仕事 (in Japanese). Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
- 警備 (in Japanese). Tokyo Metropolitan Police. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
- "What is the Security Police?" (in Japanese). Japan Security Management Academy. Archived from the original on 2012-01-07. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
- Ames, page 75.
- 第6章 公安の維持と災害対策 (in Japanese). Japanese National Police Agency. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
- "Various Activities, Dignitary Protection" (PDF). Japanese National Police Agency. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- This can be an issued sidearm since the weapon has been approved for use by the National Police Agency.
- 陸上自衛隊唯一の特殊部隊 特殊作戦群の解説 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2012-11-28. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Miscellaneous notes
- ^ Each of these sections are led by a Section Chief.
- Ames, Walter (2004). "Confronting Youth". Police and Community in Japan. University of California Press.