Seddon, New Zealand

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Seddon
town
Awatere Community Centre
Awatere Community Centre
Seddon is located in New Zealand Marlborough
Seddon
Seddon
Coordinates: 41°40′12″S 174°4′25″E / 41.67000°S 174.07361°E / -41.67000; 174.07361Coordinates: 41°40′12″S 174°4′25″E / 41.67000°S 174.07361°E / -41.67000; 174.07361
Country New Zealand
Region Marlborough
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 507
Time zone New Zealand Standard Time (UTC+12)
 • Summer (DST) New Zealand Daylight Time (UTC+13)
Postcode 7210

Seddon is a small town in Marlborough, New Zealand. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Blenheim, close to the mouths of the Awatere and Blind Rivers and the Lake Grassmere salt works.[2][3] At the 2013 Census, the town had a population of 507 people.[1]

Salt and lime[4] are major local industries, and the Awatere Valley is a developing wine region.[5]

The town was named for a former Prime Minister of New Zealand, Richard Seddon.

Earthquakes[edit]

Seddon has been close to the epicentres of several significant earthquakes.

On the morning of 16 October 1848, Marlborough was struck by a damaging earthquake later estimated to be between magnitude 7.4 and 7.7.[6] The epicentre of this earthquake was 45 km southeast of Seddon.[7]

On 23 April 1966, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake with an epicenter in Cook Strait, 40 km east of Seddon[8] was most strongly felt in the town, damaging the chimney on almost every house in town.[9]

In July and August 2013 Seddon was closest settlement to the epicentres of a doublet earthquake event.[10] First, in late July, a series of sizeable earthquakes struck the region over a period of a few days being felt strongly in Blenheim, Wellington and the rest of Central New Zealand, the strongest being a magnitude 6.5 and having its epicentre in Cook Strait.[11] Then on 16 August 2013 a magnitude 6.6 earthquake with its epicentre under Lake Grassmere struck about 2:30 PM [12] and was followed by a series of aftershocks over the next few hours, one of which was above magnitude 6 and several others above magnitude 5. This came just a few years after devastating earthquakes affected Christchurch, 285 km away.[13]

Transport[edit]

State Highway 1 passes through Seddon on its route between Blenheim and Christchurch.

The Marlborough section of the Main North Line railway reached Seddon from Blenheim in October 1902.[14] This also saw the construction of a combined road-rail bridge over the Awatere River north of the town, with the single-lane road below the rail. The bridge remained in service for road traffic until October 2007, when a new two-lane road bridge opened.[15] Seddon was the southern terminus of the railway until the line was extended to Ward in April 1911; the full line through to Christchurch didn't open until December 1945.[14] Today, Seddon is served by the Coastal Pacific train, which runs once daily each way during the summer months.

A train derailment at Blind River, south of Seddon, on 25 February 1948, killed six people and injured 40 others.[16]

Education[edit]

Seddon School is the sole school in the town. It is a coeducational full primary (year 1–8) school with a roll of approximately 129.[17] The nearest state secondary schools are Marlborough Boys' College and Marlborough Girls' College in Blenheim.

The double decker bridge across the Awatere River.
Trains use the upper level of the bridge. Road transport used the lower level until a new bridge was opened in November 2007.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2013 Census QuickStats about a place: Seddon". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Peter Dowling (editor) (2004). Reed New Zealand Atlas. Reed Books. map 67. ISBN 0-7900-0952-8. 
  3. ^ Roger Smith, GeographX (2005). The Geographic Atlas of New Zealand. Robbie Burton. map 147. ISBN 1-877333-20-4. 
  4. ^ "Blenheim". Encyclopedia of New Zealand (1966). 
  5. ^ "Awatere River". Marlborough Online. 
  6. ^ "M 7.4 - 7.7, Marlborough, 16 October 1848". Geonet. GNS Science. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "New Zealand Earthquake Report Magnitude 7.4, Monday, October 16, 1848 at 1:49:04 am (NZST)". Geonet. GNS Science. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "New Zealand Earthquake Report Magnitude 5.8, Saturday, April 23, 1966 at 6:49:40 pm (NZDT)". Geonet. GNS Science. 30 August 1996. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "M 5.8, Seddon, 23 April 1966". Geonet. GNS Science. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Fenaughty, Kevin (17 August 2013). "Damaging quake hits the north-east of the South Island". Geonet. GNS Science. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Big quake shakes central New Zealand". Stuff.co.nz. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Earthquakes rock central New Zealand". Stuff.co.nz. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  13. ^ http://goo.gl/maps/9jBWG
  14. ^ a b "Geographical Mileage Table 1957" (PDF). New Zealand Railways. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  15. ^ "New Awatere Bridge 'opens' today". The Marlborough Express. 9 November 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. 
  16. ^ Marlborough Historical Society (2005). Click - A Captured Moment - Marlborough's Early Heritage. p. 65. ISBN 0-473-10475-X. 
  17. ^ "Directory of Schools - as at 18 April 2016". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2015-04-19. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Seddon, New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons