Seefeld in Tirol
|Seefeld in Tirol|
|• Mayor||Werner Frießer (ÖVP)|
|• Total||17.4 km2 (6.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,180 m (3,870 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2016)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Seefeld in Tirol is an old farming village, now a major tourist resort, in Innsbruck-Land District in the Austrian state of Tyrol with a local population of 3,312 (as at 1 Jan 2013). The village is located about 17 km (11 mi) northwest of Innsbruck on a plateau between the Wetterstein mountains and the Karwendel on an historic road from Mittenwald to Innsbruck that has been important since the Middle Ages. It was first mentioned in 1022 and since the 14th century has been a pilgrimage site, benefiting not only from the visit of numerous pilgrims but also from its stacking rights as a trading station between Augsburg and the Venice. Also since the 14th century, Tyrolean shale oil has been extracted in the area. Seefeld was a popular holiday resort even before 1900 and, since the 1930s, has been one a well known winter sports centres and amongst the most popular tourist resorts in Austria. The municipality, which has been the venue for several Winter Olympics Games, is the home village of Anton Seelos, the inventor of the parallel turn.
With more than one million overnight stays each year, it is one of the most popular Tyrolean tourist destinations especially for skiing in winter, but also for walking holidays in the summer.
Culture and sights
- Parish and pilgrimage church of St. Oswald
- Former Augustine monastery west of the church, today a five-star hotel. Founded in 1516 by Maximilian I as a hostelry
- Pfarrhof, above and south of the church
- Lake church of the Holy Cross (Seekirchl) in the west of the village: symbol of Seefeld, built under Archduke Leopold V by Innsbruck's court architect, Christoph Gumpp, in the baroque style (built 1629–1666), paintings by Josef Anton Puellacher
- Seefeld's woodland cemetery on the eastern edge of the village with its chapel and monument to those who died on the railway journey from Dachau concentration camp at the end of April 1945
- Hermitage and old ruined castle of Schlossberg north of the village
- Milestone, originally unengraved, probably Roman. A cross potent has been inscribed later
The village is situated on the south-facing Seefeld Plateau north of the River Inn on the watershed between the basins of the Inn and the Isar. The plateau (which also comprises the villages of Leutasch, Reith, Scharnitz and Mösern) is surrounded by the Wetterstein mountain range to the west, and the Karwendel mountain range to the east; it falls away in a steep drop off to the Inn valley to the south. To the north, the high valley leads through the village of Scharnitz towards the border with Germany at Mittenwald.
Seefeld has two main mountain areas (for walking or skiing): one is the rounded hill, the Gschwandtkopf (1,495 m); the other is on the slopes of the mountains to the east and called the Rosshütte after the large mountain restaurant halfway up. These mountains dominate the Seefeld Plateau; from left/north to right/south, they are the Seefelder Joch, Seefelder Spitze (2,215 m), Härmelekopf (2,224 m) and Reither Spitze (2,374 m). Notable other landmarks include the Seekirchl, a small, onion-domed church, and the Pfarrhügel, a spur of the Gschwandtkopf running into the town centre and forming a small attractive hill. There is also a popular bathing lake called the Wildsee.
Lakes and streams
On the east side of the Seefelder Joch rise the tributaries of the Haglbach, which flows west through the valley of Hermannstal, then swings south on reaching the plateau to run along the municipal boundary and feed the Wildsee. The Wildsee is threatened by sediment deposition from the Haglbach. In future it is planned to excavate a reservoir east of Innsbrucker Straße to collect these sediments. The tailstream of the Wildsee, now called the Seebach, runs through Seefeld in a northerly direction and collects the waters of the Raabach shortly after passing the village centre. This section was called the Mühlbach by Peter Anich in 1762.
The Raabach has its source in the southeast near the Mösern Mähder and was once impounded to form a reservoir that gave the church of Seekirchl its name. Below the Schlossberg, near the Seebach, is a radon-containing spring, that, under the name of the Franz Josef Spring, was mentioned in 1900 for the first time in the Directory of Spas of the Imperial-Royal Province of Tyrol and Vorarlberg (Verzeichnis der Kurorte und Bäder der K.K. Statthalterei für Tirol und Vorarlberg) and used until 1984 as a health spring. Its radon content of 117 becquerels per litre is rather low (the limit for drinking water is 1,000 Bq/l).
The Klammbach originates at the Wildmoosalm below the lake of Wildmoossee and runs northwest of the village on the far side of the Geigenbühel, passes the Triendlsäge (where there is a reservoir with a capacity of 450 m³ which supplies a small hydropower station generating 45 kW) and merges with the Seebach by the Lehenwald woods in front of the Bodenalm to form the Drahnbach. The latter flows towards Scharnitz and empties into the Isar tributary, the Gießenbach.
Seefeld is on the Karwendel Railway with links to Munich via Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Innsbruck. It is also served by S-Bahn line 5 from Innsbruck to Scharnitz (to Garmisch-P.). From the start of the winter timetable in 2010, Seefeld station became the highest Intercity-Express (ICE) stop in Europe. At weekends it is served by two ICE trains in each direction daily (2014 timetable).
Three bus routes run by the Tyrol Transport Association stop in Seefeld, as does a long distance bus route (at the Rosshütte bus stop):
|regiobus Tirol||Seefeld/Tirol - Leutasch - Oberleutasch - Buchen|
|regiobus Tirol||Seefeld/Tirol – Gießenbach – Scharnitz – Mittenwald – Leutasch – Seefeld/Tirol – Reith – Leithen|
|regiobus Tirol||Seefeld/Tirol - Mösern - Telfs|
|Flixbus||Innsbruck - Seefeld(Rosshütte) - Garmisch-Parten. - Munich Central Bus Station (Hackerbrücke) - Munich Airport|
The Bundesstraße 177 federal highway (Seefelder Strasse) to the German border is part of the European route E 533. It runs from Zirl over the Zirler Berg to Scharnitz and Mittenwald. Another road link from the Inn valley runs from Telfs via Mösern, along the road to Leutasch and enables Mittenwald to be reached over the Scharnitz Pass.
Innsbruck Airport lies about 20 km from Seefeld. In winter there are direct flights from e. g. Hamburg, Berlin, Cologne and Frankfurt.
Communication and telecommunication
The pilot project by Telesystem Tirol for cable TV was conducted in 1975 by a family firm based in Auland. Today about 900 participants in Seefeld and Reith are connected. DVB-T is transmitted by a transmitter on the Gschwandtkopf.
Broadband access and HSPA is available in the entire permanent settlement of Seefeld at a rate of 42.2 MBit/s. It is naked DSL with symmetric bandwidth of up to 20 Mbit/s, ADSL up to 30 Mbit/s. Broadband internet is also provided over the cable network. Since August 2012 there has been free WLAN access in the pedestrian zone, the spa park, the sport and congress centre, around the Seekirchl and at the Casino Arena, around the ski jumps on the Gschwandtkopf and at several stations in the Rosshütte ski area.
In recent years Seefeld has expanded and renovated its sports facilities and positioned itself as the Nordic Skill Centre (Nordisches Kompetenzzentrum) for the training of national teams and clubs as well as the Stams Skiing Grammar School (Skigymnasium Stams).
- Toni Seelos Olympic Ski Jumps in the Casino Arena on the northwest slopes of the Gschwandtkopf (HS 109 und HS 75)
- Biathlon stand with 30 firing points
- 279 km of runs for cross country skiing, 125 km of which is for skating and 154 km for classic cross country skiing
- Asphalt roller skiing route with a length of 3.6 km and width of 3 m with variations from 560 m to 4.7 km
- FIS-homologated courses for slalom and giant slalom on the Gschwandtkopf 
- Ski areas of Rosshütte, Gschwandtkopf and Geigenbühel-/Birkenlifte
- Ice rinks for skating and Bavarian curling
- Two grass areas for football, another is planned
- WM Halle with 8 indoor tennis courts and 4 outside courts
- Seefeld Tennis Club with 6 clay courts
- Golf courses: Seefeld-Reith Golf Club (9 hole, par 70) and Panorama golf course of am Geigenbühel, an 18-hole course in Wildmoos (Telfs)
- 266 km waymarked running and Nordic walking routes
- 570 km of cycling and mountain bike routes
- Beach volleyball court
- Two riding halls with outdoor riding paddocks
- Fitness studio
Seefeld is an important centre for cross-country skiing. The Nordic events at both the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics were hosted at Seefeld. The 1985 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships also took place here as well (in both the Winter Olympics and the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships only the normal hill in ski jumping took place in Seefeld, the large hill took place in Innsbruck) as some of the events at the 1st Winter Youth Olympic Games in January 2012. World Cup competitions have been located here a number of times.
The alpine skiing area is small and appropriate for beginners. There are two separate small areas which are not connected except by a ski bus (free of charge) or taxis. The terrain itself is quite good and there is good access to other facilities (walks, shops and the Olympia swimming complex).
Seefeld is popular with walkers because of its plateau location; there are many attractive walks which don't depend on climbing up and down mountains. However, the walks into the mountains are beautiful too, especially since the Karwendel is a huge nature reserve. Recommended walks include down through the Schlossbachklamm to Hochzirl (then the train back), and from the cable car stations down into the Eppzirlertal (if you're fairly fit). There are possibilities for multi-day walks through the Karwendel towards the Achensee.
Together with eleven other towns Seefeld is a member of the community Best of the Alps.
- Anton Seelos (1911–2006) was an Austrian alpine skier and world champion. In the 1930s, Seelos invented the parallel turn. The Toni-Seelos-Olympiaschanze in Seefeld in Tirol is named after him.
- Regina Schöpf (1935–2008) was an Austrian alpine skier who competed in the 1956 Winter Olympics. She was born in Seefeld
- Jan-Carl Raspe (1944-1977) was a member of the German militant group the Red Army Faction. Raspe was born in Seefeld. He co-founded Kommune II in 1967 and joined the Red Army Faction, also known as the "Baader-Meinhof Gang" in 1970
- Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Seefeld in Tirol.
- Dehio Tirol 1980, pp. 719–723
- Josef Hornsteiner: Letzte Chance für den Wildsee? at the Wayback Machine (archived February 4, 2014), plateauzeitung.at dated 4 February 2014. Archived from original on 17 April 2014.
- Heilquelle T20956563R3/QU70351005, Teilauszug aus dem Wasserbuch Tirol.
- Kurzgutachten - ehemaliges Hotel Schneeweiss, Bezirksgericht Innsbruck, 811 20 E 84/12k. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- Mag. Helmut Pintarelli: Gutachten zum Verkehrswert, ehemaliges Hotel Schneeweiss (Geschäftszahl: 20 E 84/12k) vom 13 December 2012, pp. 12 ff. (PDF, 228 KB)
- Speicherteich Beck.Nr.1) T20542888R3, 3/4 Kleinwasserkraftanlage "Triendlsäge" T20542844R3 extracts from the Wasserbuch Tirol.
- 3/3108 Beschneiungsanlage "Roßhütte - Härmelekopf - Reitherjochalm" T20608870R3, Teilauszug aus dem Wasserbuch Tirol.
- Die Kabelanlage at kabelseefeld.at. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Breitband-Masterplan für Tirol, Amt der Tiroler Landesregierung, Abteilung Wirtschaft und Arbeit, 2012 (pdf)
- Homologations: Seefeld (AUT) auf fis-ski.com
- Seefeld member page on Best of the Alps
- 1964 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 95–103. Accessed 30 October 2010. (German)
- 1976 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 199–203. Accessed 10 November 2010. (English), (French), & (German)
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