Seelow

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Seelow
Seelow Town Hall
Seelow Town Hall
Coat of arms of Seelow
Coat of arms
Location of Seelow within Märkisch-Oderland district
Seelow in MOL.png
Seelow is located in Germany
Seelow
Seelow
Seelow is located in Brandenburg
Seelow
Seelow
Coordinates: 52°31′00″N 14°22′59″E / 52.51667°N 14.38306°E / 52.51667; 14.38306Coordinates: 52°31′00″N 14°22′59″E / 52.51667°N 14.38306°E / 52.51667; 14.38306
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictMärkisch-Oderland
Government
 • MayorJörg Schröder (Ind.)
Area
 • Total42.73 km2 (16.50 sq mi)
Elevation
52 m (171 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[3]
 • Total5,415
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
15306
Dialling codes03346
Vehicle registrationMOL, FRW, SEE, SRB
WebsiteOfficial website

Seelow is a German town, seat of the Märkisch-Oderland, a district of Brandenburg. As of 2013 its population was of 5,464.

Geography[edit]

It is situated in the extreme east of Germany, 70 km (40 miles) east of Berlin, 16 km (10 miles) west of the boundary with Poland.

History[edit]

Church in Seelow.

The village appears in the records held in 1252 by Archbishop Wilbrand of Magdeburg. At that time, listed as Villa Zelou, it was included in the property of the formerly Polish Bishopric of Lebus (Lubusz Land), contested between the Magdeburg archbishops and the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg.

Seelow suffered damaging town fires in 1630, 1788 and again in 1809.

From 1816 Seelow was included for administrative purposes in the Lebus district [de], a subdivision of the Frankfurt Region within the Prussian Province of Brandenburg. In 1863 the district council office was relocated to Seelow and in 1950 "Lebus district" was renamed "Seelow district"; following frontier changes agreed with the Soviet Union in 1945, the town of Lebus itself had lost to Poland much of the agricultural area that had traditionally supported it. Between 1952 and 1993, Seelow was the administrative centre for the eponymous district [de] within the larger Frankfurt territory.

Seelow was the location of one of the last major pitched battles in Europe during the Second World War - the Battle of the Seelow Heights. In this battle, from 16 to 19 April 1945, Soviet troops under Marshal Zhukov opened the way to Berlin. By the time the slaughter was over the town was largely destroyed, primarily through a major air attack which took place on 17 April 1945, and which was followed by extensive burning and plunder.

Cultural references[edit]

Because of its importance in the Second World War, Seelow is today featured in many video games, books and films. Seelow is a playable map in the popular PS3 and Xbox 360 game Call of Duty: World at War. The Battle of the Seelow Heights is featured extensively in Men of War. The planet Тзаэло (Tzaelow) in the Warhammer 40,000 universe is a likely reference to the town of Seelow, particularly the way that the battle is fought[citation needed].

Demography[edit]

Seelow: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[4]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 5,736—    
1890 5,205−0.65%
1910 4,492−0.73%
1925 4,754+0.38%
1933 4,736−0.05%
1939 4,420−1.14%
1946 4,022−1.34%
1950 4,667+3.79%
1964 5,652+1.38%
1971 5,804+0.38%
1981 6,304+0.83%
1985 6,457+0.60%
1989 6,328−0.50%
1990 6,231−1.53%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 6,190−0.66%
1992 6,069−1.95%
1993 5,943−2.08%
1994 5,852−1.53%
1995 5,829−0.39%
1996 5,875+0.79%
1997 5,896+0.36%
1998 6,028+2.24%
1999 6,042+0.23%
2000 6,082+0.66%
2001 6,054−0.46%
2002 6,007−0.78%
2003 5,995−0.20%
2004 5,896−1.65%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 5,776−2.04%
2006 5,736−0.69%
2007 5,688−0.84%
2008 5,599−1.56%
2009 5,575−0.43%
2010 5,540−0.63%
2011 5,445−1.71%
2012 5,464+0.35%
2013 5,465+0.02%
2014 5,366−1.81%
2015 5,387+0.39%
2016 5,451+1.19%
2017 5,415−0.66%

Twin towns[edit]

Seelow is twinned with:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg - 2017". Statistical office Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  4. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  5. ^ (in German) Twin towns of Seelow (municipal website)

External links[edit]

Media related to Seelow at Wikimedia Commons